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Gene information
General information
TC013086 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 14169751..14170747
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC013086
    iBeetle screen iB_05381

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    pupa eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    beetle stock: bad (increased lethality),
    Pupal morphology
    beetle stock: bad (increased lethality),
    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, but muscle fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larval musculature pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    cuticle remnants without visible segmentation, differentiation or axis - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    cuticle remnants with some identifiable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    appendages random remaining - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    head not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality early (L5/6) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    fertility after larval injection decreased (no living offspring) -
    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC013086 RA
      MVRHNNMIP NGHFHKKWQ QKVKLWFNQ 
      PMKKLRRKA LRAKKSRQL APKPTELLR 
      PLVHCPSER YKSKVRAGR GFTFQELKQ 
      AGMSDKYAR SFGVAVDPR RRNRCTESI 
      AANIQRLIE YKSRLIFLP DSKNKVLKI 
      DDGKNLNVV KVVPGKVKA LKVGEEEKK 
      FEAFVTLRR ARCDEKFAG IRMKRKLKK 
      SEGFEGKAN
    CDS sequence
    • >TC013086 RA
      atggtccgc cacaacaac atgatcccc aacggccac 
      ttccacaag aagtggcaa caaaaagtg aagctttgg 
      ttcaaccag cctatgaag aaactccgt cgtaaagct 
      ctgcgtgcc aagaagtcg cgtcagctc gccccaaaa 
      cccactgaa cttctgcga cctttggtg cattgccct 
      agcgaacgg tacaagagt aaagtgcga gcaggacgt 
      ggattcact ttccaggag ttgaagcag gcaggtatg 
      agtgacaaa tacgcgcgg agttttggg gttgctgtg 
      gacccccga cgcagaaat cgttgcacg gagtcaatt 
      gctgcgaat atccaacga ttgatagag tacaagagt 
      cgtttaatc ttcttgcct gattcaaaa aataaggtt 
      ttgaaaatt gatgatggg aaaaatttg aacgtggtt 
      aaagtggtc ccgggcaaa gtcaaggcg cttaaagtg 
      ggtgaggag gagaagaag tttgaagct tttgtcacc 
      ctgagacgt gcgagatgc gacgagaag ttcgccggg 
      attagaatg aagcgcaag cttaagaaa agcgaaggt 
      ttcgaggga aaagctaac tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC013086 RA
      attggacta aaagttcgc taagtttta aggtcattt 
      taacttgcg ttagaagga aaactatag agagacggt 
      tttcattat taagtgtaa tacgcgttt ttagaactc 
      tgtcattaa aaaagcgtt ttttgagct gccaataac 
      ttgaaattc gcgattcaa cgactagat tttaaaaaa 
      gccgctctg ggactagca cccgattgg ttccttaaa 
      cccgtcagc cattttgaa agttccttc aactgtctt 
      tcgaaagcg catttcttc ctccacgtg tttttgctc 
      gaattgaag ctaaagatg gtccgccac aacaacatg 
      atccccaac ggccacttc cacaagaag tggcaacaa 
      aaagtgaag ctttggttc aaccagcct atgaagaaa 
      ctccgtcgt aaagctctg cgtgccaag aagtcgcgt 
      cagctcgcc ccaaaaccc actgaactt ctgcgacct 
      ttggtgcat tgccctagc gaacggtac aagagtaaa 
      gtgcgagca ggacgtgga ttcactttc caggagttg 
      aagcaggca ggtatgagt gacaaatac gcgcggagt 
      tttggggtt gctgtggac ccccgacgc agaaatcgt 
      tgcacggag tcaattgct gcgaatatc caacgattg 
      atagagtac aagagtcgt ttaatcttc ttgcctgat 
      tcaaaaaat aaggttttg aaaattgat gatgggaaa 
      aatttgaac gtggttaaa gtggtcccg ggcaaagtc 
      aaggcgctt aaagtgggt gaggaggag aagaagttt 
      gaagctttt gtcaccctg agacgtgcg agatgcgac 
      gagaagttc gccgggatt agaatgaag cgcaagctt 
      aagaaaagc gaaggtttc gagggaaaa gctaactga 
      tttgtttcc gtttttttg agtagttaa taaagttac 
      gcttgatga
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY