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Gene information
General information
TC012636 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 12307357..12308691
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC012636
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_05282

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue potentially present, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    head shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    thorax shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    abdomen shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC012636 RA
      MMESTVTRL KRMYLWPTA SVTSRKPAF FLITFSCFL 
      LYGSVMHLI VNDISMEEV HVIETTAGQ FGVLYYLTL 
      FTIYRKGIL EIYADLSNF TKFGKPYNF DKRNKQLNQ 
      WSRWFSVVL YFFVISVFA WPGIFTQSC EDLNVALNK 
      TEVCGVVSP VWLPFRFDY KPMKQFVYF WQSFCCLYS 
      NGGAGTISF AMSETIEHL ILRVEDLKI LFPKIVAER 
      SPEVRRKML AKWVDYHLW LLSIGKLMN DTYRYSFSV 
      IVLCAGTLF GCIGYTVMK NASTNFNSS FIFFGWMES 
      VFVICVCGQ RLMDAFHSV GTTVYNSEW CDTDVDFQK 
      GVILITIRA QKPVRIYAG PFSYVSHLL ILTVFQTSY 
      SYINLLNAS S
    CDS sequence
    • >TC012636 RA
      atgatggaa tcaaccgtc acccgcttg aagcgaatg 
      tacctgtgg ccaacggcc tcagtcacc tcaagaaaa 
      cccgccttt ttcctcatc acattctca tgcttcctt 
      ctctacggg agcgtgatg cacctgatt gtcaacgac 
      atcagcatg gaggaagtg cacgtgatt gaaaccacc 
      gctggccag ttcggcgtc ttgtattat ctaaccctg 
      ttcacgatc taccgcaaa ggcattctc gaaatctac 
      gccgacctg tccaacttc accaaattc ggcaaaccg 
      tacaatttc gacaaacgc aacaagcag ctgaaccag 
      tggtcgcgc tggttttcg gtggttttg tactttttc 
      gtgatcagc gtgttcgcc tggcctggg attttcacg 
      cagagttgt gaggacctg aacgtggcg ttgaacaaa 
      accgaggtt tgcggggtc gtgtcgccg gtctggctg 
      ccgttcagg tttgattac aaaccgatg aagcagttt 
      gtgtacttc tggcagagt ttctgctgt ttgtactcg 
      aatggcggt gctgggacc atctctttt gccatgtcg 
      gagaccatc gagcatttg attctaagg gttgaggat 
      ttgaagatt ctgttcccc aaaatagtg gcggagcgg 
      tcgcccgaa gtcaggagg aagatgttg gccaagtgg 
      gtcgattac cacttgtgg ctcctttcc atcgggaag 
      cttatgaac gatacgtac aggtactcg ttctcggtt 
      attgttttg tgtgctggg actttgttc ggttgtatt 
      gggtacacg gtcatgaaa aacgcttca actaacttt 
      aattcgtcg tttattttc ttcgggtgg atggaatcg 
      gtgtttgtg atttgtgtg tgtgggcaa cggctcatg 
      gacgctttc cattctgtt ggtacaacg gtttacaat 
      agtgagtgg tgcgacacc gacgttgat ttccaaaaa 
      ggggtaatt ttgattacg ataagggca cagaagccg 
      gttcgaatt tacgctggg ccgtttagt tacgtgtcc 
      catttgcta attttgacg gttttccaa acaagttac 
      tcttacatc aacctgctt aacgctagt tcttag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC012636 RA
      agaaatccc gtccaaaat gatggaatc aaccgtcac 
      ccgcttgaa gcgaatgta cctgtggcc aacggcctc 
      agtcacctc aagaaaacc cgccttttt cctcatcac 
      attctcatg cttccttct ctacgggag cgtgatgca 
      cctgattgt caacgacat cagcatgga ggaagtgca 
      cgtgattga aaccaccgc tggccagtt cggcgtctt 
      gtattatct aaccctgtt cacgatcta ccgcaaagg 
      cattctcga aatctacgc cgacctgtc caacttcac 
      caaattcgg caaaccgta caatttcga caaacgcaa 
      caagcagct gaaccagtg gtcgcgctg gttttcggt 
      ggttttgta ctttttcgt gatcagcgt gttcgcctg 
      gcctgggat tttcacgca gagttgtga ggacctgaa 
      cgtggcgtt gaacaaaac cgaggtttg cggggtcgt 
      gtcgccggt ctggctgcc gttcaggtt tgattacaa 
      accgatgaa gcagtttgt gtacttctg gcagagttt 
      ctgctgttt gtactcgaa tggcggtgc tgggaccat 
      ctcttttgc catgtcgga gaccatcga gcatttgat 
      tctaagggt tgaggattt gaagattct gttccccaa 
      aatagtggc ggagcggtc gcccgaagt caggaggaa 
      gatgttggc caagtgggt cgattacca cttgtggct 
      cctttccat cgggaagct tatgaacga tacgtacag 
      gtactcgtt ctcggttat tgttttgtg tgctgggac 
      tttgttcgg ttgtattgg gtacacggt catgaaaaa 
      cgcttcaac taactttaa ttcgtcgtt tattttctt 
      cgggtggat ggaatcggt gtttgtgat ttgtgtgtg 
      tgggcaacg gctcatgga cgctttcca ttctgttgg 
      tacaacggt ttacaatag tgagtggtg cgacaccga 
      cgttgattt ccaaaaagg ggtaatttt gattacgat 
      aagggcaca gaagccggt tcgaattta cgctgggcc 
      gtttagtta cgtgtccca tttgctaat tttgacggt 
      tttccaaac aagttactc ttacatcaa cctgcttaa 
      cgctagttc ttagtcaga caacaaaaa ccactgtat 
      tgctc
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY