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Gene information
General information
TC012510 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 10601569..10607483
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC012510
    iBeetle screen iB_05255

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC012510 RA
      MDYNYLVFL YFGTIITPA LLLAAFYAH IYQVVLKQL 
      RQIVTMNPE NGSSSTSCS SGGTMLRML GAAQKREVK 
      ATQNLAIIR SVTIVKSTR LSSRPRTDR LCNRSHNHS 
      QIYYRKKSI DQVLTIVAA TAGEPPNRE MWNIPEASS 
      NSSDSLKHH NEKISIVRP ETPYCVKPN SLVNQGYVE 
      TSSLDDDDV FIDETFPFN EFNYDELDT NLTEKLKRE 
      VQVKTLSNS SPQLSRNLF LVEDNCKTQ FMRSCSLVE 
      NELKANRIT SPFREMFKK KPKLGRSLS DEGTTSNES 
      IQRKPNGNV IRSSCGS
    CDS sequence
    • >TC012510 RA
      atggactac aactatttg gtgtttttg tatttcggt 
      accatcata acgcctgct ctcctcctg gcggctttc 
      tacgctcac atataccaa gttgttctc aagcaactg 
      aggcaaatc gtgacaatg aaccccgaa aacggctca 
      tcctccacc agttgctca tcgggaggg acaatgctg 
      cgaatgctc ggcgctgct caaaaacgc gaagtgaaa 
      gcaacgcaa aacctggcc attatacgt tctgtaacg 
      attgtaaag tcgactcga ctttcatcg aggcccaga 
      accgacaga ctttgtaac agatcacac aatcactcg 
      cagatttac tatcgaaaa aaatcgatc gatcaggtt 
      ttgaccatc gttgcggcc acggctgga gagcccccg 
      aaccgcgaa atgtggaac attccagaa gcctcatcg 
      aactcgagc gactctctg aagcaccac aatgaaaaa 
      atttcgatc gtaagaccg gaaactccc tactgtgtt 
      aaaccaaac agcttggtc aatcaaggc tacgtcgaa 
      acgtctagc cttgatgat gacgatgtg ttcattgac 
      gaaactttc cccttcaac gagttcaac tacgacgaa 
      ctcgacacc aacttaacc gagaaactc aagcgagaa 
      gtgcaagtc aaaacgcta tcaaattcc tcgccgcaa 
      ctctcgcgc aatttgttt ctagtggaa gataattgt 
      aagactcag tttatgagg agttgcagt ttggtggaa 
      aatgaattg aaagcaaac agaattact agtccgttc 
      agggaaatg ttcaaaaag aagccaaag ttggggagg 
      agtttgagt gatgagggg acgacttcc aacgaatcg 
      attcaacgg aaacccaac ggcaatgtt attcggagt 
      tcttgtggt agttaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC012510 RA
      tgggttggc acaagagcg ccccttcgg acggtagat 
      gcttcttcc tgggcgtca tggactaca actatttgg 
      tgtttttgt atttcggta ccatcataa cgcctgctc 
      tcctcctgg cggctttct acgctcaca tataccaag 
      ttgttctca agcaactga ggcaaatcg tgacaatga 
      accccgaaa acggctcat cctccacca gttgctcat 
      cgggaggga caatgctgc gaatgctcg gcgctgctc 
      aaaaacgcg aagtgaaag caacgcaaa acctggcca 
      ttatacgtt ctgtaacga ttgtaaagt cgactcgac 
      tttcatcga ggcccagaa ccgacagac tttgtaaca 
      gatcacaca atcactcgc agatttact atcgaaaaa 
      aatcgatcg atcaggttt tgaccatcg ttgcggcca 
      cggctggag agcccccga accgcgaaa tgtggaaca 
      ttccagaag cctcatcga actcgagcg actctctga 
      agcaccaca atgaaaaaa tttcgatcg taagaccgg 
      aaactccct actgtgtta aaccaaaca gcttggtca 
      atcaaggct acgtcgaaa cgtctagcc ttgatgatg 
      acgatgtgt tcattgacg aaactttcc ccttcaacg 
      agttcaact acgacgaac tcgacacca acttaaccg 
      agaaactca agcgagaag tgcaagtca aaacgctat 
      caaattcct cgccgcaac tctcgcgca atttgtttc 
      tagtggaag ataattgta agactcagt ttatgagga 
      gttgcagtt tggtggaaa atgaattga aagcaaaca 
      gaattacta gtccgttca gggaaatgt tcaaaaaga 
      agccaaagt tggggagga gtttgagtg atgagggga 
      cgacttcca acgaatcga ttcaacgga aacccaacg 
      gcaatgtta ttcggagtt cttgtggta gttaattcg 
      gattgtgcg aaatgtaat ttattgtct atttattgt 
      gtgtagt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY