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Gene information
General information
TC012423 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 7120559..7121888
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC012423
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_05240

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    head size decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    head partially not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    head shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 20.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    pupal molt delayed (still larva) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC012423 RA
      MFVTVLFLL LQFCASVFG AHRELLPSK APSNLTLLE 
      INQGQVLIQ WDPIEPDTV RGSFKGYLV RTWNHAGSL 
      VYAFPPDVT RASIDFFPF SKNFITVSV RNEKYVGPP 
      SEAISFDAP QREPQSPQT LHIFTLSNK SVLIRWSKP 
      SQPNGILLG YRIYCREMN DTFGEIKRE TSHLINDPD 
      KFQAKLTGL EEGVKYQIG VSAVNCAGE SDVTKAGIV 
      LGPHTPVEP FPSRFVYKT NYTTPKRDE KCYKTLTSP 
      AEEEDEEVD DYYDYLLYN HTNYKETTP SPVKTDYEQ 
      NCLVDCLVL WMPDVSNNP GEYFYLKYR VRGETDYTV 
      TEPETSEDF ILLRNFDAC KKYEMVIVA VDGEFSTES 
      GTVFTPPKL YSNIL
    CDS sequence
    • >TC012423 RA
      atgtttgtg acggtcttg ttcctgctg ttacaattt 
      tgcgcctcc gtttttggg gcccaccgc gagttgtta 
      ccgtcgaag gccccatcg aacttgacg ttactggaa 
      ataaatcag gggcaagtt ttgatccag tgggacccc 
      attgagcct gacaccgtc cggggcagc ttcaagggg 
      tacttggta cggacctgg aaccacgcc gggagtcta 
      gtttacgcg tttccccca gacgtgact agagccagt 
      attgatttt ttccctttt tcgaaaaat tttatcacg 
      gtttcggtc cgtaacgaa aaatacgtg ggccccccg 
      agcgaggcg atcagtttc gacgccccc cagcgagaa 
      ccgcaaagt ccccaaacc cttcacatt tttacttta 
      agcaataag tcggttctg attcggtgg agtaaacca 
      agccaaccg aacggcata cttctaggc tacaggatt 
      tattgccgc gaaatgaac gacacgttt ggtgaaata 
      aaaagggag acctcgcat ctaatcaat gatccggac 
      aagtttcaa gctaaatta actggactg gaagaagga 
      gtgaaatac cagatcggc gtttctgcc gttaactgt 
      gccggagaa agcgatgta actaaggcg gggattgtc 
      ttagggccc cacaccccg gtcgagccc ttcccatcg 
      agatttgtg tacaaaact aattacaca acgccaaag 
      agggacgaa aagtgttac aaaactctt acaagtccg 
      gctgaagag gaggacgag gaagtggat gattattac 
      gattatttg ctttataat cacacgaat tataaggaa 
      acaacccca agtcctgtg aaaaccgac tacgagcaa 
      aactgtttg gtcgattgt ctcgtgttg tggatgcct 
      gacgtcagt aataatccg ggcgagtat ttctatctg 
      aaatacaga gtgaggggc gagacggat tacacggtc 
      acggagccg gaaaccagc gaagatttt attttgttg 
      cgcaatttc gacgcgtgc aagaagtac gagatggtc 
      atagttgca gttgatggc gagttcagc acggaaagc 
      ggaaccgtg tttactccc ccgaaattg tattcaaat 
      attttatag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC012423 RA
      ttacaacac gatgtttgt gacggtctt gttcctgct 
      gttacaatt ttgcgcctc cgtttttgg ggcccaccg 
      cgagttgtt accgtcgaa ggccccatc gaacttgac 
      gttactgga aataaatca ggggcaagt tttgatcca 
      gtgggaccc cattgagcc tgacaccgt ccggggcag 
      cttcaaggg gtacttggt acggacctg gaaccacgc 
      cgggagtct agtttacgc gtttccccc agacgtgac 
      tagagccag tattgattt tttcccttt ttcgaaaaa 
      ttttatcac ggtttcggt ccgtaacga aaaatacgt 
      gggcccccc gagcgaggc gatcagttt cgacgcccc 
      ccagcgaga accgcaaag tccccaaac ccttcacat 
      ttttacttt aagcaataa gtcggttct gattcggtg 
      gagtaaacc aagccaacc gaacggcat acttctagg 
      ctacaggat ttattgccg cgaaatgaa cgacacgtt 
      tggtgaaat aaaaaggga gacctcgca tctaatcaa 
      tgatccgga caagtttca agctaaatt aactggact 
      ggaagaagg agtgaaata ccagatcgg cgtttctgc 
      cgttaactg tgccggaga aagcgatgt aactaaggc 
      ggggattgt cttagggcc ccacacccc ggtcgagcc 
      cttcccatc gagatttgt gtacaaaac taattacac 
      aacgccaaa gagggacga aaagtgtta caaaactct 
      tacaagtcc ggctgaaga ggaggacga ggaagtgga 
      tgattatta cgattattt gctttataa tcacacgaa 
      ttataagga aacaacccc aagtcctgt gaaaaccga 
      ctacgagca aaactgttt ggtcgattg tctcgtgtt 
      gtggatgcc tgacgtcag taataatcc gggcgagta 
      tttctatct gaaatacag agtgagggg cgagacgga 
      ttacacggt cacggagcc ggaaaccag cgaagattt 
      tattttgtt gcgcaattt cgacgcgtg caagaagta 
      cgagatggt catagttgc agttgatgg cgagttcag 
      cacggaaag cggaaccgt gtttactcc cccgaaatt 
      gtattcaaa tattttata gtttatgta aggtggtta 
      cgcaataaa taatacagc atgga
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY