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Gene information
General information
TC012357 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 5530918..5532002
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC012357
    iBeetle screen iB_05225

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 20.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC012357 RA
      MLKLDIIVH PSFSEPKVT ASEPTTKAP KQWKWPWRI 
      NMLSVPRIR VPKYAPPVP KPPKTPERL DPGIEFRSD 
      HLSRPPLRL LNVNLTTYK RGPKYAKNL TKLIDKSWG 
      SIYNYYRKQ LRDRRLKRL RRKLEKLKA KKPKGKSLE 
      KIQAMKQEH WNRMAQPKK IPLPEKIPK KWKPLDDLL 
      ANIDVLAAP KEYHIVPPR VLGVVNPKA LTYEITEAI 
      QKLYHIPDR LKKQPEGLP LGYVKRSAL RAKCNERID 
      KLALPSFSA REAKKHDED KYDPWVISP NALKYKPTA 
      RILELAKPS ERE
    CDS sequence
    • >TC012357 RA
      atgttaaaa ttagatata atcgtccac ccctcattc 
      tccgaacct aaagtaacc gcgtccgag cctacaacc 
      aaggccccc aagcagtgg aaatggccc tggcggata 
      aacatgctc agcgtgccc cgaatccgg gtgccgaag 
      tacgcgcct ccggtcccc aaaccgccc aaaacaccg 
      gaacgcctg gaccccgga atcgaattc cgcagcgac 
      cacctctcc aggccccca ctcaggctg cttaacgtg 
      aacctgacc acgtacaag cggggcccc aaatacgcc 
      aaaaacctg accaaactg atcgacaaa tcgtggggc 
      tccatatac aactactac cgcaaacaa ctcagagac 
      aggcgcttg aagcgactg aggcgcaag ttggagaaa 
      ctcaaagca aagaaaccg aaaggcaag tcgttggaa 
      aaaatccaa gccatgaag caagaacac tggaaccgc 
      atggcgcaa cccaagaag atcccgctt cctgagaaa 
      atccccaag aagtggaag ccgctcgac gacctcctg 
      gccaacatc gacgtgctc gccgccccc aaggagtac 
      cacatcgtg cccccgaga gtcctgggg gtggtgaac 
      cccaaggcc ctgacgtac gaaatcacc gaggccatc 
      cagaagctg taccacatt cctgaccga cttaagaaa 
      cagcccgag gggttaccg ctcgggtat gtgaagagg 
      tcagctctg agggcgaag tgcaacgag agaattgac 
      aaactggcc ctgccttcg ttcagtgca cgcgaggct 
      aagaaacac gacgaggac aagtacgac ccttgggtc 
      atctcgccc aacgctctg aagtacaaa cccacggct 
      aggatactg gaactggca aagccgtct gaaagagag 
      tag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC012357 RA
      caagtcaaa attccttca gtcatttca tcaaaatca 
      tcatcatgt taaaattag atataatcg tccacccct 
      cattctccg aacctaaag taaccgcgt ccgagccta 
      caaccaagg cccccaagc agtggaaat ggccctggc 
      ggataaaca tgctcagcg tgccccgaa tccgggtgc 
      cgaagtacg cgcctccgg tccccaaac cgcccaaaa 
      caccggaac gcctggacc ccggaatcg aattccgca 
      gcgaccacc tctccaggc ccccactca ggctgctta 
      acgtgaacc tgaccacgt acaagcggg gccccaaat 
      acgccaaaa acctgacca aactgatcg acaaatcgt 
      ggggctcca tatacaact actaccgca aacaactca 
      gagacaggc gcttgaagc gactgaggc gcaagttgg 
      agaaactca aagcaaaga aaccgaaag gcaagtcgt 
      tggaaaaaa tccaagcca tgaagcaag aacactgga 
      accgcatgg cgcaaccca agaagatcc cgcttcctg 
      agaaaatcc ccaagaagt ggaagccgc tcgacgacc 
      tcctggcca acatcgacg tgctcgccg cccccaagg 
      agtaccaca tcgtgcccc cgagagtcc tgggggtgg 
      tgaacccca aggccctga cgtacgaaa tcaccgagg 
      ccatccaga agctgtacc acattcctg accgactta 
      agaaacagc ccgaggggt taccgctcg ggtatgtga 
      agaggtcag ctctgaggg cgaagtgca acgagagaa 
      ttgacaaac tggccctgc cttcgttca gtgcacgcg 
      aggctaaga aacacgacg aggacaagt acgaccctt 
      gggtcatct cgcccaacg ctctgaagt acaaaccca 
      cggctagga tactggaac tggcaaagc cgtctgaaa 
      gagagtagc taggtattt acaatttat tgatctaaa 
      gttatggac gcaaataac attgtgtaa caaaacaag 
      caattaaat tattctcgc atgaaaaag ggtataaat 
      aaaaagtac acctactca gataataaa gataaaata 
      acagt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY