Status
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Gene information
General information
TC012150 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 4095025..4096600
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC012150
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
    We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
    Publish name
    If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_05183

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC012150 RA
      MSYITTVGF TRISIWICV TWCQVTLPN QPIKDALYL 
      HNATSSNLT LRDCSFRPT DQRQRCPDP DVRFILYSG 
      GESEVVDYT KSDFLRQSR WDHTKEDMI LIHGYAGGD 
      GTLPMAVLR DAYINHGSY NVWVVDWGK LGPPPCYRA 
      AVHNMKAVA RCIGDLLMA LRAMGLQTD KMTCVGHSL 
      GAHICGLIS RYVLFRIHR IIGLDPARP LVPNSSRLE 
      SGSAAAVHV LHTNAGHYG ESGKSGHVD FCINGGRVQ 
      PYCENSGLD EQLCSHVWA VCYLAESIH KDFVKRAEP 
      CSRRCPTGP RPGHRIGIP IEMGQFTPL SASGSYCLH 
      DNYPPYCPT QAGGVGDKR CCLKSPQIK PPTTTEVEG 
      IPPFAKKSP
    CDS sequence
    • >TC012150 RA
      atgtcgtat atcaccaca gtgggattt actcgtatt 
      tcaatttgg atttgtgtg acctggtgc caagtgacc 
      ctcccgaac cagcccatc aaagatgcc ctctacctc 
      cacaacgcc acttcctcg aatctgacc ctaagggac 
      tgctcgttt cgcccaact gaccaacgg cagcgctgc 
      cccgacccc gacgttagg tttattttg tacagcggg 
      ggcgaaagc gaggtggtt gactacaca aaaagcgat 
      tttttgcgg cagagcagg tgggaccac accaaggag 
      gacatgatc ctgatccat gggtacgcg ggcggcgat 
      ggtaccctg cccatggcc gtcctccgc gacgcgtac 
      atcaaccat ggttcttac aacgtctgg gtggtggac 
      tggggcaag ttgggccct ccaccctgc tacagggcc 
      gccgttcac aacatgaaa gcggtggcg cggtgcatt 
      ggcgacctg ttgatggcc ctaagggcc atgggactg 
      caaaccgat aaaatgacc tgtgttggg cactcgtta 
      ggcgcccac atctgcggc ttgatttcg cgctacgtt 
      ctgttccga atccacaga atcataggg ctagaccct 
      gccaggccc ttagtaccg aactcctca cggcttgaa 
      agtgggagt gccgccgct gtccacgtt ctccacaca 
      aatgcaggg cattatggt gaatcgggg aaaagcggc 
      cacgtggat ttttgtatt aacggcgga agggtacaa 
      ccttattgc gaaaactct ggactcgat gaacagttg 
      tgtagccac gtctgggct gtgtgttac ttggcggaa 
      agtatccac aaggatttt gttaaaagg gcagagccc 
      tgctccagg cggtgtccc acggggcca aggccgggc 
      caccgcatt gggatcccg atcgaaatg gggcaattt 
      acgcctttg tcagcgagt ggttcgtat tgtcttcat 
      gataattat cctccgtac tgtccgacg caagctggg 
      ggtgttggg gataaaaga tgttgcttg aagtcgcca 
      caaatcaaa cctcccaca actacggaa gttgaagga 
      atccctcca ttcgccaaa aaatcgccc taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC012150 RA
      tccccccgt ttcccccat tttccaaac catttgtca 
      cactccccg ataatgact agaaaatgg tgaaatgaa 
      attttactt tcctcgtac tttcttgcc gacaaatca 
      atacttatt tctagcggc atttttcgc gacgacact 
      tcaaattct tcctgccac aagagttgt gcttcacca 
      tgtcgtata tcaccacag tgggattta ctcgtattt 
      caatttgga tttgtgtga cctggtgcc aagtgaccc 
      tcccgaacc agcccatca aagatgccc tctacctcc 
      acaacgcca cttcctcga atctgaccc taagggact 
      gctcgtttc gcccaactg accaacggc agcgctgcc 
      ccgaccccg acgttaggt ttattttgt acagcgggg 
      gcgaaagcg aggtggttg actacacaa aaagcgatt 
      ttttgcggc agagcaggt gggaccaca ccaaggagg 
      acatgatcc tgatccatg ggtacgcgg gcggcgatg 
      gtaccctgc ccatggccg tcctccgcg acgcgtaca 
      tcaaccatg gttcttaca acgtctggg tggtggact 
      ggggcaagt tgggccctc caccctgct acagggccg 
      ccgttcaca acatgaaag cggtggcgc ggtgcattg 
      gcgacctgt tgatggccc taagggcca tgggactgc 
      aaaccgata aaatgacct gtgttgggc actcgttag 
      gcgcccaca tctgcggct tgatttcgc gctacgttc 
      tgttccgaa tccacagaa tcatagggc tagaccctg 
      ccaggccct tagtaccga actcctcac ggcttgaaa 
      gtgggagtg ccgccgctg tccacgttc tccacacaa 
      atgcagggc attatggtg aatcgggga aaagcggcc 
      acgtggatt tttgtatta acggcggaa gggtacaac 
      cttattgcg aaaactctg gactcgatg aacagttgt 
      gtagccacg tctgggctg tgtgttact tggcggaaa 
      gtatccaca aggattttg ttaaaaggg cagagccct 
      gctccaggc ggtgtccca cggggccaa ggccgggcc 
      accgcattg ggatcccga tcgaaatgg ggcaattta 
      cgcctttgt cagcgagtg gttcgtatt gtcttcatg 
      ataattatc ctccgtact gtccgacgc aagctgggg 
      gtgttgggg ataaaagat gttgcttga agtcgccac 
      aaatcaaac ctcccacaa ctacggaag ttgaaggaa 
      tccctccat tcgccaaaa aatcgccct aataaggga 
      tatactgta cctgtattt atttgatct taactgtat 
      ttatgttta tttatttgt gttgttgaa tgcaaaata 
      aaactgtgt ttttgtg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY