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Gene information
General information
TC011716 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 14580554..14581844
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC011716
      iBeetle screen iB_05088

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
      Days post injection


      adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 70.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      pupal molt delayed (still larva) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
      Days post injection


      eclosion delayed (still pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
      Days post injection


      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
      Days post injection


      eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (16 dpi)
      Days post injection


      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (19 dpi)
      Days post injection


      adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (22 dpi)
      Days post injection


      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC011716 RA
        MKITSFLVV AGLVLASVA GQQGNSSDK 
        ISRFIYDRC RVYSTDASA YDDIKTHLG 
        QFGDYLSYA ASLLPNGKE QFCNDERPT 
        LARLAAQLA HDVKPCLPK DEKYLPKFM 
        VESFTSFLD FVCSQRTIE NFFSTQGAD 
        CRQNLKLNQ EGQQVGNCF TKLFARFSD 
        VVRKDDLCL DLKASKKCF SEAIARSCP 
        DFAAFESLN NRFFQAIRK PCNSAISIG 
        FSSVLLLLA SFTSTKLFS
      CDS sequence
      • >TC011716 RA
        atgaaaatt acaagtttc ctcgttgtt gcagggctt 
        gttttggcg agtgtggcg ggccagcag gggaactcc 
        tctgacaaa atctccagg tttatctat gataggtgt 
        cgggtttat agcacagac gcttcggct tacgatgat 
        ataaagacc catttgggg caatttggc gattatctt 
        tcgtacgct gcgagttta ttgcccaat ggtaaggag 
        cagttctgc aacgacgaa aggcccaca ctggcccgt 
        ctagccgcc cagcttgcc catgatgtc aaaccgtgt 
        ttgcccaaa gacgagaag tatttgccc aagttcatg 
        gttgaaagc ttcacctca tttctcgac tttgtgtgt 
        tcccaaaga accatcgaa aatttcttc agtacccaa 
        ggggcagat tgccgccaa aacttgaaa ctcaaccaa 
        gaggggcaa caagttgga aactgcttt actaaacta 
        ttcgctcgg tttagcgac gtggtccgg aaagacgac 
        ctgtgcctt gacttaaaa gcgtccaag aagtgcttc 
        agtgaggcg atagcccgt agttgtccc gatttcgcc 
        gcttttgag tcgttaaac aaccgattt ttccaagca 
        attcgcaaa ccctgtaac tcagctatt tccattggc 
        ttcagcagc gttctactc ctcctagca tcattcact 
        tcaaccaag ctattctca tag
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC011716 RA
        ttcgtttat cgattaaga atttgtagc aaattgagt 
        cataacata agtgaattt cctcgaaaa gtgcgcgga 
        ttttcgttg accgatgac gaatcggtc atttttatg 
        cagccccca attcatcgc gtcaacaaa atgggttcc 
        gcgagttta tatttttct gcacatatt gcacttgtt 
        ccttttcat taaaatgtt ggtttgaag agaaataga 
        aggtcgcgt gacgttcta gcgtctgta taaataatc 
        cgcagtgca cacttcaaa aggtcaatt tccaggatt 
        ggtcatgaa aattacaag tttcctcgt tgttgcagg 
        gcttgtttt ggcgagtgt ggcgggcca gcaggggaa 
        ctcctctga caaaatctc caggtttat ctatgatag 
        gtgtcgggt ttatagcac agacgcttc ggcttacga 
        tgatataaa gacccattt ggggcaatt tggcgatta 
        tctttcgta cgctgcgag tttattgcc caatggtaa 
        ggagcagtt ctgcaacga cgaaaggcc cacactggc 
        ccgtctagc cgcccagct tgcccatga tgtcaaacc 
        gtgtttgcc caaagacga gaagtattt gcccaagtt 
        catggttga aagcttcac ctcatttct cgactttgt 
        gtgttccca aagaaccat cgaaaattt cttcagtac 
        ccaaggggc agattgccg ccaaaactt gaaactcaa 
        ccaagaggg gcaacaagt tggaaactg ctttactaa 
        actattcgc tcggtttag cgacgtggt ccggaaaga 
        cgacctgtg ccttgactt aaaagcgtc caagaagtg 
        cttcagtga ggcgatagc ccgtagttg tcccgattt 
        cgccgcttt tgagtcgtt aaacaaccg atttttcca 
        agcaattcg caaaccctg taactcagc tatttccat 
        tggcttcag cagcgttct actcctcct agcatcatt 
        cacttcaac caagctatt ctcatagtt attatatta 
        tccctccac gtattataa atgttattt ttgttataa 
        atgtacgat aaataaata aataagtag aattttg
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY