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Gene information
General information
TC011657 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 16079227..16080840
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC011657
    iBeetle screen iB_05070

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 40.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 40.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt delayed (still larva) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt not fulfilled (died with pupal and larval features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC011657 RA
      MLAAAKWLF LSGLISLVA LQQSADERS FRPQAEERT 
      ILDWIGLGT GPDTDPYLA KTNAACLEG DLAECFKSR 
      ALASLDDFF NKPQYSLTE HVRILRMPQ TQLRQLNHE 
      PFEYSSAPR ADEPEWDQL VKFGLRKIE KFLKSSAIE 
      VQFDNEVTE SGRYAPRFI EEIADEIDV IEDKKDSLF 
      KRKQLKKLF IPMLIILKL FKLKLLLFL PLILGLASF 
      KKLLGFLAI VIPGLIGFF KLCKPNLQS SNYYTGPHY 
      SPAGVGYPG HFRGEAEYS NNAQYGAVH FGDDNNAQH 
      LAYNGWSHY RNNGEDIKA EETTSKKSI LPDS
    CDS sequence
    • >TC011657 RA
      atgttggcc gccgccaag tggttattt ctttccggt 
      ttaatttcg ttggtagca ctgcagcaa tcggccgac 
      gaaagaagt ttccggcct caggccgaa gaaaggacg 
      atcctggat tggatagga ctcgggaca ggaccggac 
      actgacccc tatctagct aaaactaac gctgcttgt 
      cttgaagga gacctcgcg gaatgtttc aaatcgcga 
      gcgctggcg tcacttgat gacttcttc aataaaccc 
      caatattcc ctcactgaa cacgtcagg attttacga 
      atgcctcaa acgcagttg agacaactg aaccacgaa 
      ccctttgaa tattcttca gcaccgaga gctgacgaa 
      cccgaatgg gaccaactt gtcaaattt ggattgaga 
      aaaattgaa aaattcctt aaatcttcg gccattgaa 
      gtgcagttt gataacgaa gtgaccgaa agcggtcga 
      tatgcacca agattcatc gaggaaatc gccgacgaa 
      atcgacgtc attgaagac aagaaagac tcacttttc 
      aagcgtaag caattaaag aaattattc atcccgatg 
      ctgatcatc ttgaaactt ttcaaatta aaactgttg 
      ctgtttctg cctttgatt ttgggcctg gcttcgttt 
      aagaaactg ctgggtttc ttagctatc gtcattccg 
      ggcttaatt ggtttcttc aagctttgc aaacctaat 
      ctacaatca agtaattac tatacggga cctcattat 
      tctccggcg ggagtagga tatccgggg catttcaga 
      ggtgaagcg gaatactcg aataatgca caatatggt 
      gccgttcat ttcggtgat gataataat gcccaacat 
      ttggcatat aatggatgg agccattac agaaacaat 
      ggggaagat attaaagca gaagaaacc acctcgaag 
      aagtctatt ttacctgac tcgtaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC011657 RA
      ctcgtcagc cggctcgat tacggcact gtgtacagt 
      tagtgacct acctagcgg tgttccacg taataattg 
      ttaagattc cgtcgtcga aaatccgat ttaaaagca 
      atccgaacc gtgatcatg ttggccgcc gccaagtgg 
      ttatttctt tccggttta atttcgttg gtagcactg 
      cagcaatcg gccgacgaa agaagtttc cggcctcag 
      gccgaagaa aggacgatc ctggattgg ataggactc 
      gggacagga ccggacact gacccctat ctagctaaa 
      actaacgct gcttgtctt gaaggagac ctcgcggaa 
      tgtttcaaa tcgcgagcg ctggcgtca cttgatgac 
      ttcttcaat aaaccccaa tattccctc actgaacac 
      gtcaggatt ttacgaatg cctcaaacg cagttgaga 
      caactgaac cacgaaccc tttgaatat tcttcagca 
      ccgagagct gacgaaccc gaatgggac caacttgtc 
      aaatttgga ttgagaaaa attgaaaaa ttccttaaa 
      tcttcggcc attgaagtg cagtttgat aacgaagtg 
      accgaaagc ggtcgatat gcaccaaga ttcatcgag 
      gaaatcgcc gacgaaatc gacgtcatt gaagacaag 
      aaagactca cttttcaag cgtaagcaa ttaaagaaa 
      ttattcatc ccgatgctg atcatcttg aaacttttc 
      aaattaaaa ctgttgctg tttctgcct ttgattttg 
      ggcctggct tcgtttaag aaactgctg ggtttctta 
      gctatcgtc attccgggc ttaattggt ttcttcaag 
      ctttgcaaa cctaatcta caatcaagt aattactat 
      acgggacct cattattct ccggcggga gtaggatat 
      ccggggcat ttcagaggt gaagcggaa tactcgaat 
      aatgcacaa tatggtgcc gttcatttc ggtgatgat 
      aataatgcc caacatttg gcatataat ggatggagc 
      cattacaga aacaatggg gaagatatt aaagcagaa 
      gaaaccacc tcgaagaag tctatttta cctgactcg 
      taacgtgta aataataat ttagtttgt aaatattta 
      tgccataat ttatgtaaa aaatgtaaa taaaattaa 
      gtgcgataa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY