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Gene information
General information
TC009995 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 10577053..10580078
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC009995
      iBeetle screen iB_04739

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
      Days post injection


      adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC009995 RA
        MEDTSDEGG RYQESKSSQ QNESVSAGP PDSHEAMNY 
        RETDLLTRN KRDSLNDDN TENAESIKR EQDDSSNVT 
        ASELLLELM IKIAAHPEE WNKVHNLLG NINNDILMT 
        EKLLENLQK AKIKPEPAA KSVEKKQKE QVINKTETG 
        EWSDFQTKV KDKLGFLNT LPPDDYHLR NNQYKPFPK 
        TFAYHRVTG RPMYLQKNP KAYIAVSVI APKYINSGT 
        KDEDLILEK ELRQLKPWT HDQNLKNMA SIRSRWVIG 
        REDRKKPVV P
      CDS sequence
      • >TC009995 RA
        atggaagat acgagcgat gagggtgga agatatcaa 
        gaaagtaaa tcttcccag cagaatgaa tccgtaagt 
        gcaggtcct ccagattcc cacgaagcc atgaactat 
        cgggaaacc gatttattg acgagaaat aaaagagat 
        tcgttaaat gacgacaac acggaaaat gcagaatcg 
        atcaagaga gaacaggac gattcttcg aacgttaca 
        gcgagcgag cttctcctc gagctgatg attaaaatc 
        gccgctcat ccggaggag tggaacaaa gtccacaat 
        ttattagga aatatcaac aatgacata ctgatgacc 
        gaaaagttg ttagaaaac ctgcagaag gccaagatc 
        aagccagaa ccggccgca aaatcagtt gagaaaaag 
        caaaaagag caagtgatt aacaagaca gaaaccggc 
        gaatggtcc gatttccag actaaagtc aaggataaa 
        ttagggttt ttgaacaca cttccgcct gatgattat 
        catttgcga aacaaccag tataagccc tttcccaaa 
        acctttgca tatcataga gtcacggga cgaccgatg 
        tatcttcag aagaatccc aaagcttat atcgccgtt 
        tcggtcata gcacccaaa tatatcaat tctgggacg 
        aaagacgag gatctgatt ttagagaaa gagctgcgg 
        cagttgaaa ccgtggaca cacgaccag aatttgaaa 
        aacatggct tcgatcagg tccaggtgg gtgatcggg 
        agggaggac aggaagaaa cccgttgta ccatag
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC009995 RA
        agacgccgc caccagtgt tattggggt agctgtcgt 
        cgaggtttc tatgcatta tacattttt gaatacacg 
        gtgtaatac acggtcggc tgtgtggtg acacatcag 
        tgatagcgt tcaaagtag aatcaccac cagcgttta 
        cgatgtgaa acatgattt tgagcactt tccccacaa 
        aaaaacact aattattga aaagaaatg tattgcaaa 
        atcgtcgtg cttttctat tgcgtcctg accattgga 
        ttacttcca gttacgttt gctgacatg gaagatacg 
        agcgatgag ggtggaaga tatcaagaa agtaaatct 
        tcccagcag aatgaatcc gtaagtgca ggtcctcca 
        gattcccac gaagccatg aactatcgg gaaaccgat 
        ttattgacg agaaataaa agagattcg ttaaatgac 
        gacaacacg gaaaatgca gaatcgatc aagagagaa 
        caggacgat tcttcgaac gttacagcg agcgagctt 
        ctcctcgag ctgatgatt aaaatcgcc gctcatccg 
        gaggagtgg aacaaagtc cacaattta ttaggaaat 
        atcaacaat gacatactg atgaccgaa aagttgtta 
        gaaaacctg cagaaggcc aagatcaag ccagaaccg 
        gccgcaaaa tcagttgag aaaaagcaa aaagagcaa 
        gtgattaac aagacagaa accggcgaa tggtccgat 
        ttccagact aaagtcaag gataaatta gggtttttg 
        aacacactt ccgcctgat gattatcat ttgcgaaac 
        aaccagtat aagcccttt cccaaaacc tttgcatat 
        catagagtc acgggacga ccgatgtat cttcagaag 
        aatcccaaa gcttatatc gccgtttcg gtcatagca 
        cccaaatat atcaattct gggacgaaa gacgaggat 
        ctgatttta gagaaagag ctgcggcag ttgaaaccg 
        tggacacac gaccagaat ttgaaaaac atggcttcg 
        atcaggtcc aggtgggtg atcgggagg gaggacagg 
        aagaaaccc gttgtacca tagattaaa atgtaatta 
        aaactaata atagaaata aaatatttt gtgaaaa
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY