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Gene information
General information
TC009889 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 12662629..12664751
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC009889
      Gene ontology

      GO terms for Tribolium

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      There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


      GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


      Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


      Gene
      {{ goGene }}
      The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
      GO ID *
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      The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
      Evidence
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      The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
      Reference *
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      The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
      Quotation
      If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
      Name
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      Email
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      Publish name
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      * : mandatory fields
      For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
      iBeetle screen iB_04719

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
      Days post injection


      adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

      larval musculature pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

      affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
      embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
      cuticle remnants with unidentifyable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      cuticle remnants with some identifiable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      thorax partially not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC009889 RA
        MDYALIFWL LFAVFSTGF CASIEKNNS EPETVTVRK 
        NSSRKISLG DLMTCGLTR DISCFLDAG DAFVEEKKN 
        EILAQADMA RATGRANDE NSPSHLSKA ISRIVSELT 
        DIFKDSIFS FFKSAREGE EDDEIEDTS GEKEESSAK 
        PSGRKVGES RKKKKKEKL IGLIKLIII GIVLKAKIT 
        LLLKALSAA LQVKFFLVA LAGLILNAA RFYLDLKKG 
        HQPQKVIYY EHAQHQHHY EGDDDWGSS GPGGGYWGR 
        SYDEEETSP HSLAYAKQR PYKRVEKDE PGFSWFG
      CDS sequence
      • >TC009889 RA
        atggattac gcactgata ttttggtta ctttttgcg 
        gtcttttcg acgggtttt tgtgcctcc atcgagaaa 
        aataacagt gaacctgaa actgtaaca gtgcgaaaa 
        aacagttct cgcaagatc tccttaggt gatctcatg 
        acatgcggt ctaacacgt gacatctcc tgctttttg 
        gacgcagga gacgcgttc gtggaggaa aagaagaac 
        gagatttta gcacaagcc gatatggca agagctaca 
        ggccgggcc aatgacgaa aactcccca agtcacttg 
        agcaaagcc atcagccga attgtctca gaattaacc 
        gacatattc aaggacagt atcttcagt ttcttcaaa 
        agtgccagg gaaggggag gaagacgac gagattgaa 
        gacacaagt ggagaaaaa gaggaatct tcagccaag 
        cccagcggg agaaaagtt ggagaatcg cgtaagaag 
        aagaagaag gagaagctg atcggtttg atcaaactg 
        ataatcatc ggaattgtg ctcaaagct aaaataact 
        ctgctgctg aaagcccta tcggcggct ttgcaggtc 
        aaattcttc ctggtagct ttggcgggc ttgattttg 
        aacgcggcg cggttctac ttggatttg aaaaaaggg 
        caccagcca cagaaagta atttattac gagcacgcc 
        cagcaccag caccactat gaaggggat gacgattgg 
        ggcagctcc ggccctggg ggcggctac tggggacgt 
        tcgtatgat gaggaagaa acgtccccg cacagttta 
        gcatacgct aaacaacga ccttacaaa cgagtggag 
        aaagacgaa ccgggcttt tcctggttc ggttaa
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC009889 RA
        cagatttgt tttgaagtt caaggtgat cagttcttc 
        atgaggctg tgttttgat ttaagtgtg ccttaacta 
        ccaccatgg attacgcac tgatatttt ggttacttt 
        ttgcggtct tttcgacgg gtttttgtg cctccatcg 
        agaaaaata acagtgaac ctgaaactg taacagtgc 
        gaaaaaaca gttctcgca agatctcct taggtgatc 
        tcatgacat gcggtctaa cacgtgaca tctcctgct 
        ttttggacg caggagacg cgttcgtgg aggaaaaga 
        agaacgaga ttttagcac aagccgata tggcaagag 
        ctacaggcc gggccaatg acgaaaact ccccaagtc 
        acttgagca aagccatca gccgaattg tctcagaat 
        taaccgaca tattcaagg acagtatct tcagtttct 
        tcaaaagtg ccagggaag gggaggaag acgacgaga 
        ttgaagaca caagtggag aaaaagagg aatcttcag 
        ccaagccca gcgggagaa aagttggag aatcgcgta 
        agaagaaga agaaggaga agctgatcg gtttgatca 
        aactgataa tcatcggaa ttgtgctca aagctaaaa 
        taactctgc tgctgaaag ccctatcgg cggctttgc 
        aggtcaaat tcttcctgg tagctttgg cgggcttga 
        ttttgaacg cggcgcggt tctacttgg atttgaaaa 
        aagggcacc agccacaga aagtaattt attacgagc 
        acgcccagc accagcacc actatgaag gggatgacg 
        attggggca gctccggcc ctgggggcg gctactggg 
        gacgttcgt atgatgagg aagaaacgt ccccgcaca 
        gtttagcat acgctaaac aacgacctt acaaacgag 
        tggagaaag acgaaccgg gcttttcct ggttcggtt 
        aactcacat ttgaggcat tatagagtt agagatgtt 
        ctcaggtat tgcgtttcg tgcgagaac ttgtaaatt 
        tttgaaaaa ttcgagtaa ctagtcata agtgtggga 
        gcatttaca attaactta tttaattta ttttttatt 
        tatgatagg tttagttca gatattttt ttaacttgt 
        agtgtaagt gatgatgta atagttttg aaaaaaatg 
        taactggat tactcacat gtgacaaaa gttcaggca 
        cgtgtaaca ttgtacaag aatctaaaa tatacatct 
        tgactgaaa cagtacgtg agcagtttt atgataatt 
        gcacctaca tgagatttc tttgttttg tgaaaataa 
        gctcctcac ggagcgatt acatcgatt tctgggtca 
        ataaatgtg tgaaaaacg g
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY