Status
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Gene information
General information
TC007044 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007419.2: 10831686..10845222
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC007044
      Gene ontology

      GO terms for Tribolium

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      There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


      GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


      Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


      Gene
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      The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
      GO ID *
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      The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
      Evidence
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      The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
      Reference *
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      The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
      Quotation
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      Name
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      Email
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      Publish name
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      * : mandatory fields
      For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
      iBeetle screen iB_04261

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
      embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, but muscle fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      embryo/egg with muscle fluorescence/pattern, but not hatched (pot. late embryonic lethality) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

      larval musculature irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

      affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
      embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 50.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
      Days post injection


      remarks: animals lost, adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (22 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Pupal morphology
      remarks: animals lost,
      Adult morphology
      remarks: animals lost,
      Fertility
      fertility after larval injection decreased (no living offspring) -
      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC007044 RA
        MVFPGIPFA LCVFFSHQI ITCMSRSPS SDSILEIIN 
        TKEVERLLA EKKRNISRE ERRYLLENE LDENFIPPD 
        QEFEIQKLK LLDEERAPR TENPRVDLN AFLRRNNHS 
        EPYRTTELL QDLRGFNGR KLLKSSKNA LFVTKKEYL 
        QRDWCKTEP LIQKVKEEG CLTRTVINR FCYGQCNSF 
        YIPKNPKKR HRHIPVSEE TEDEDQNGP AFKACAFCR 
        PSKFTWISV TLKCPSLMP PFRKKRIQR IKQCKCIAA 
        NVN
      CDS sequence
      • >TC007044 RA
        atggttttc cccggcatc cctttcgcc ctttgcgtc 
        ttcttcagc caccaaatc atcacttgt atgtctcgg 
        agtccttcc agtgactcg atcctcgag atcatcaac 
        accaaagaa gtcgagagg cttttagct gagaaaaaa 
        cgcaacata tcacgtgag gagcgacgt tatcttttg 
        gaaaacgag ctcgacgag aactttata cccccagac 
        caggagttt gaaatccaa aaattgaag ttactggac 
        gaggagaga gcacctcgc acggagaac cctcgagtt 
        gatcttaac gcgtttttg cgcaggaac aaccactcg 
        gaaccgtac cgtaccact gagcttctg caagatttg 
        agaggtttt aacgggcgc aagttgtta aaatcgagc 
        aaaaatgcg ttgtttgtt acgaaaaaa gagtacttg 
        caaagggat tggtgtaag actgaacca ctgattcag 
        aaggtgaag gaggagggt tgtctgact cgtactgtg 
        attaatcgg ttttgttac ggacaatgc aactcgttt 
        tacatcccg aagaatccg aaaaagcgc cacaggcat 
        attccagta agtgaggag acggaggac gaggaccag 
        aacggccca gctttcaaa gcttgtgct ttttgtcgt 
        ccgagtaag ttcacttgg atcagtgtt actttgaaa 
        tgcccttcg ctgatgcca ccgttccgg aagaagcgc 
        atccaaagg atcaaacaa tgcaagtgt attgcggca 
        aatgtaaac tga
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC007044 RA
        atctgcaac taaagcgca actggccta agcgcaaag 
        actcgagca cgtgcttta gtcgctcct gagctttcg 
        ctgctgttg tgttatcag aaatgcgag tgctgtgag 
        taggttttc catttcctg cgaccacca cacatcaag 
        atggttttc cccggcatc cctttcgcc ctttgcgtc 
        ttcttcagc caccaaatc atcacttgt atgtctcgg 
        agtccttcc agtgactcg atcctcgag atcatcaac 
        accaaagaa gtcgagagg cttttagct gagaaaaaa 
        cgcaacata tcacgtgag gagcgacgt tatcttttg 
        gaaaacgag ctcgacgag aactttata cccccagac 
        caggagttt gaaatccaa aaattgaag ttactggac 
        gaggagaga gcacctcgc acggagaac cctcgagtt 
        gatcttaac gcgtttttg cgcaggaac aaccactcg 
        gaaccgtac cgtaccact gagcttctg caagatttg 
        agaggtttt aacgggcgc aagttgtta aaatcgagc 
        aaaaatgcg ttgtttgtt acgaaaaaa gagtacttg 
        caaagggat tggtgtaag actgaacca ctgattcag 
        aaggtgaag gaggagggt tgtctgact cgtactgtg 
        attaatcgg ttttgttac ggacaatgc aactcgttt 
        tacatcccg aagaatccg aaaaagcgc cacaggcat 
        attccagta agtgaggag acggaggac gaggaccag 
        aacggccca gctttcaaa gcttgtgct ttttgtcgt 
        ccgagtaag ttcacttgg atcagtgtt actttgaaa 
        tgcccttcg ctgatgcca ccgttccgg aagaagcgc 
        atccaaagg atcaaacaa tgcaagtgt attgcggca 
        aatgtaaac tgagcgatt agtgaggat ttattagct 
        gacgtaacg ctcttgaac ttaaggaca attgtaaac 
        tgcttaaga tagagagta aaattaaaa gtcgtagcc 
        tggcatggc ttaggattt ttaaaagtg tttttgtac 
        cgcgttttt gccggctta agtggctaa tcttagttt 
        aaaacgagt cgtcgatat tgatcatag aacccgttt 
        aattgatat tttattgca attagttgc gagttgggc 
        gtcttcaca tggcgcgtc tgtgcgtaa ggttttttg 
        ccgcggacg aggaaacgt ctgcgagat ttaatgtcg 
        gataattgt gataaaatc tgcgtaagg atgagagtg 
        atattgcgc gaagctaga cgatggtag gcgacaagt 
        gctaataaa cgttcccaa caacattaa taagtgtac 
        aaacattaa acggcgcca caaacctac atgctgagt 
        gggtaccga tcattaaag ttatgttga tttctattt 
        atactttta ttattaaac ggcctacat ggacccgaa 
        atcgggaga ttttttcaa tgagggccg gtttcagac 
        gtgtgggct ttgctttca ggaaggtcg aagtttgct 
        gatgcgggt gaggatgca gtggcggac aacaatcca 
        cttttaaaa actatcgca gttttgttt tatttttca 
        caaacgtga aacttgtca accaacttc attaaactt 
        taattaatt aaatgtcca tttacagtt tttgcagcc 
        gggatttat atcctagta aacacataa gttgtattc 
        aacaatttt ttgctgtaa ctgaatcga actaattaa 
        aaaactttt gcattacat aaaatacgt aacatatgg 
        aacgaattt ttttttatt ttctatgcc gtgaacaat 
        tgaaaataa ctgtttgtg caataaaat agaaaattt 
        tgttttcat tcttgacga agaattatt ttttttttg 
        taaatttaa acgaagtag gaactcttg attttttat 
        ttctgggaa aaatgaatt ttgtcaact caaatgaga 
        acggaaaag ttaaaaaaa aataccgaa gtttgaaga 
        cgcaccttg caaagcaaa attatgtca aatgtctaa 
        ctgtacagt taaaagact cttactata acttaaaaa 
        ctaatataa taataatcg caca
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY