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Gene information
General information
TC006374 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007423.3: 8113391..8114802
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC006374
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_04124

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC006374 RA
      MNNLLYINE ETVTKLLNW DSTFKAIEI ALECTAKNR 
      AIQSPRTFT KCPKTDSIL LTMPGYLDN DAFGALGCK 
      LVTATPNNA TLPQPLPTI NAHIMLFDD VTGVLKAVI 
      AGTEITKWR TAAASAVAT KYLTRGKKL KVLAILGAG 
      NQGHSHALA FSHFFPFEE IRIWNRNKY KAETLVRAL 
      NLFANTGKF KCYESNKEC VTGADVIVT ATFAAQPIV 
      ERDWLKPGV HINAIGAGV NHYSELSPD IYNTSDVYV 
      DHAEGAKVE LAGLGVKLG EIGGVIAGD LPPPTLNQV 
      TVFQSLGMA VEDCAMARL IYDLYVKQC QKE
    CDS sequence
    • >TC006374 RA
      atgaataat ttgctttac ataaatgag gagacagtc 
      acaaaactg ctaaactgg gactccacg ttcaaggcc 
      atcgagata gcgctggaa tgcactgct aaaaacaga 
      gccatccag agcccccgc accttcaca aaatgccct 
      aaaaccgac tccatactc ctaacaatg cccggctat 
      cttgataac gatgctttc ggcgctttg gggtgcaaa 
      ttagttacg gccacacct aacaacgcc actttaccc 
      caaccctta cccacaata aacgcgcat attatgctc 
      tttgatgac gtcacgggt gtcttaaag gccgtcata 
      gcgggcact gaaataaca aaatggcga accgccgcc 
      gcctctgct gtggcaacg aaatattta acacgtggt 
      aaaaaactt aaagttttg gcgatttta ggggcaggt 
      aaccaaggc cacagccac gctctcgcc ttcagtcac 
      tttttccca ttcgaggag atccggatt tggaaccgg 
      aataaatac aaggcggaa acgctcgtt cgtgccttg 
      aacttgttt gcaaacacg ggaaagttc aaatgttac 
      gagtctaat aaagagtgt gtcacgggg gctgacgtt 
      atcgtgaca gcgacgttc gcggctcag ccaatcgta 
      gagcgtgat tggctcaaa ccgggcgtg catattaac 
      gcgatcgga gcgggtgtg aaccattac agcgagtta 
      tcgcccgac atttacaac actagtgac gtttatgtc 
      gatcatgct gaaggtgca aaggtcgag ttggccggt 
      ttgggagtg aagttgggg gaaattgga ggagttatt 
      gctggagac ttaccaccg cctacactt aatcaagtc 
      accgtgttt caaagcttg gggatggca gtcgaggat 
      tgcgcgatg gcgagactt atttacgac ctctatgtg 
      aaacagtgt caaaaggaa tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC006374 RA
      gtaaatata aaataaaca agtgaaagt ttacgtgac 
      gggtcacgt gcttaaacc agagatagt tttttccat 
      aaaaatgaa taatttgct ttacataaa tgaggagac 
      agtcacaaa actgctaaa ctgggactc cacgttcaa 
      ggccatcga gatagcgct ggaatgcac tgctaaaaa 
      cagagccat ccagagccc ccgcacctt cacaaaatg 
      ccctaaaac cgactccat actcctaac aatgcccgg 
      ctatcttga taacgatgc tttcggcgc tttggggtg 
      caaattagt tacggccac acctaacaa cgccacttt 
      accccaacc cttacccac aataaacgc gcatattat 
      gctctttga tgacgtcac gggtgtctt aaaggccgt 
      catagcggg cactgaaat aacaaaatg gcgaaccgc 
      cgccgcctc tgctgtggc aacgaaata tttaacacg 
      tggtaaaaa acttaaagt tttggcgat tttaggggc 
      aggtaacca aggccacag ccacgctct cgccttcag 
      tcacttttt cccattcga ggagatccg gatttggaa 
      ccggaataa atacaaggc ggaaacgct cgttcgtgc 
      cttgaactt gtttgcaaa cacgggaaa gttcaaatg 
      ttacgagtc taataaaga gtgtgtcac gggggctga 
      cgttatcgt gacagcgac gttcgcggc tcagccaat 
      cgtagagcg tgattggct caaaccggg cgtgcatat 
      taacgcgat cggagcggg tgtgaacca ttacagcga 
      gttatcgcc cgacattta caacactag tgacgttta 
      tgtcgatca tgctgaagg tgcaaaggt cgagttggc 
      cggtttggg agtgaagtt gggggaaat tggaggagt 
      tattgctgg agacttacc accgcctac acttaatca 
      agtcaccgt gtttcaaag cttggggat ggcagtcga 
      ggattgcgc gatggcgag acttattta cgacctcta 
      tgtgaaaca gtgtcaaaa ggaatgatt ttttggtat 
      ttttgtaca aagttcagt tcgcccaca cttaaggga 
      atccaatta agatctctt tgacctttg taacatctt 
      gcttctaaa taaatatcg tttcgaaca
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY