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Gene information
General information
TC005788 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007423.3: 7623023..7632143
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC005788
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_04014

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    larval musculature irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    labium not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    head appendages shortened - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    head appendages rounded - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    head irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    thorax complete not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    thorax partially not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    legs podomer shortened - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    thorax irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    abdomen segment number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    abdomen irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 5 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection



    eclosion delayed (still pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (22 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Pupal morphology
    maxillary palp structure broader - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 7

    labial palp proximal position increased - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 7

    antenna size shortened - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 7

    mandible structure broader - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 7
    Adult morphology
    elytra dorsal orientation not closed - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 5


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC005788 RA
      MQTSEPSLV PPCNEAPKP DVPFNLENI LQRSIQNVA 
      LSLQNAMMN SLQQAALLP ANSAAAAAL NLQALESYL 
      TLQQLAAPN NRIDILKIA TSTAKITEE PDTSLTEDV 
      DLAEEVEED LALLDNEFP VPSSPIDTS YPSLIMNSA 
      YQGGGGQAT ATTSTTTTK KGSTRPKKQ FICKFCNRQ 
      FTKSYNLLI HERTHTDER PYSCDICGK AFRRQDHLR 
      DHRYIHSKE KPFKCTECG KGFCQSRTL AVHKILHME 
      ESPHKCPVC SRSFNQRSN LKTHLLTHT DIKPYNCSA 
      CGKVFRRNC DLRRHSLTH NLGTSTSTA ATAGAQNFT 
      IDSIMSKDK K
    CDS sequence
    • >TC005788 RA
      atgcaaacc tccgagccc agcctggtg cccccctgc 
      aacgaggcc cccaagccc gacgtgccc ttcaacctg 
      gagaacatc ctgcagcgg tccatccag aacgtggcc 
      ctctcgctg cagaacgcc atgatgaac tcgctgcag 
      caggcggcg ctcctgccc gccaactcc gccgccgcc 
      gccgccctc aacctccag gccctggag tcctacctc 
      acgctccag cagctcgcc gcccccaac aaccgcatc 
      gacatactc aagatcgcg acaagcacc gccaaaatc 
      accgaagag ccggacacg agtctcacg gaggacgtg 
      gacctcgcc gaggaggtg gaggaggac ttggcgctg 
      ttggataac gagtttccg gtgccgagc tcgccgatc 
      gacacgagt tatccgagt ttgattatg aattcggcg 
      taccaaggt gggggtgga caggctacg gcgacgacg 
      tccaccacc accacgaag aagggctcc acgaggccg 
      aaaaaacag tttatttgc aagttttgc aatagacag 
      tttaccaag agttataat ttgttgatt catgagagg 
      acgcatacg gacgagagg ccatactct tgtgacata 
      tgcgggaag gccttcagg aggcaggat catctcagg 
      gatcatagg tacatccac agcaaggag aagccgttc 
      aagtgcacg gagtgcggc aagggcttc tgccagagc 
      cggactttg gccgtgcac aagatcctc cacatggag 
      gagtcgcct cacaagtgc cccgtgtgc agccggtcg 
      ttcaatcag cgctcgaat ctcaagacc catctgctc 
      acccatacc gacatcaaa ccgtacaac tgctcggcc 
      tgtgggaag gtgtttcga aggaactgt gatctgaga 
      aggcacagc ctgacccac aatctgggc acgagcacc 
      tcgaccgcg gcgacggcc ggcgcccag aacttcacc 
      atagactcg atcatgagc aaggacaaa aagtga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC005788 RA
      gtgcgcgcg cgtgtggaa actcgagcg ctggcgaag 
      cgacgaacc cgaaaatga ttttgtgag tgccctcct 
      cgtccacga tgcaaacct ccgagccca gcctggtgc 
      ccccctgca acgaggccc ccaagcccg acgtgccct 
      tcaacctgg agaacatcc tgcagcggt ccatccaga 
      acgtggccc tctcgctgc agaacgcca tgatgaact 
      cgctgcagc aggcggcgc tcctgcccg ccaactccg 
      ccgccgccg ccgccctca acctccagg ccctggagt 
      cctacctca cgctccagc agctcgccg cccccaaca 
      accgcatcg acatactca agatcgcga caagcaccg 
      ccaaaatca ccgaagagc cggacacga gtctcacgg 
      aggacgtgg acctcgccg aggaggtgg aggaggact 
      tggcgctgt tggataacg agtttccgg tgccgagct 
      cgccgatcg acacgagtt atccgagtt tgattatga 
      attcggcgt accaaggtg ggggtggac aggctacgg 
      cgacgacgt ccaccacca ccacgaaga agggctcca 
      cgaggccga aaaaacagt ttatttgca agttttgca 
      atagacagt ttaccaaga gttataatt tgttgattc 
      atgagagga cgcatacgg acgagaggc catactctt 
      gtgacatat gcgggaagg ccttcagga ggcaggatc 
      atctcaggg atcataggt acatccaca gcaaggaga 
      agccgttca agtgcacgg agtgcggca agggcttct 
      gccagagcc ggactttgg ccgtgcaca agatcctcc 
      acatggagg agtcgcctc acaagtgcc ccgtgtgca 
      gccggtcgt tcaatcagc gctcgaatc tcaagaccc 
      atctgctca cccataccg acatcaaac cgtacaact 
      gctcggcct gtgggaagg tgtttcgaa ggaactgtg 
      atctgagaa ggcacagcc tgacccaca atctgggca 
      cgagcacct cgaccgcgg cgacggccg gcgcccaga 
      acttcacca tagactcga tcatgagca aggacaaaa 
      agtgaccgt tgttattta cttattgtt gtacatagc 
      tgttgtaaa tttatttag aatttgtaa taaagtttt 
      tgtggacga
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY