Status
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Gene information
General information
TC005499 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007423.3: 12092179..12093825
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC005499
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_03967

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 20.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 20.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC005499 RA
      MPKLLVTID EGTLRGKKS KTYLGETFH SFLGIPYAE 
      PPIGPLRFK APVPKRPWQ GIRNATKEG PACPSPHMF 
      FQFYVGCEN NCLNLNVFT KNYSTLRPV MVWIHGGAF 
      LMGSNTRAV FGPDYLMSE DIVLVSINY RLGILGFLC 
      LEDPSLGVP GNAGMKDMV LALKWVQRN IAHFKGDPK 
      NVTIFGESA GSAAVNYLC LSPLSKGLF HKAIAQSGS 
      PLNYWACGS RNAKTVAQF LRFNDPSEE KLLVFLQKL 
      SAKKIVRAQ FQIKNCEAM APDQVAVFG PVVEKPSNE 
      PAFLPETPI EILRKGTFN SVPLIIGYT TSEGILYQL 
      AVRLFKTRP EVDFGKEIP YDLKKTQEL ALKVRKFYF 
      GEGEISRNG DQMVTLKTD NNFVHGIHR QIAYMKTAN 
      KAPIFLYRM SLETSINLI KTLCTTKCP VCSFLCLFF 
      SYKCCTSGH CIRRAFPKN QLTGVCHGD DVSYLFKSF 
      ASPRLKKGS IEEISIRRF VKLWTNFAK TGHPTPVKT 
      ELVDVLWTP VTPDCDFFL DIGRELKMG KNPDWERMQ 
      FWDRFYPN
    CDS sequence
    • >TC005499 RA
      atgccaaaa ttactcgtg actatcgac gaaggcaca 
      ctgcgcggc aaaaaatca aaaacctac ctcggagaa 
      acgttccac agtttcttg ggaatcccc tacgctgaa 
      cccccgatc gggccgctg cgcttcaaa gccccggtc 
      cccaaacgc ccatggcaa ggtatacga aacgcaacc 
      aaagaaggc ccagcgtgc ccttcacct cacatgttt 
      ttccagttc tacgtaggt tgcgaaaac aactgtctg 
      aacctaaac gtattcacg aaaaattac agtacgttg 
      cgaccggtc atggtgtgg atacacggc ggcgctttc 
      ctcatgggc agcaacacc agggcggtc ttcgggcct 
      gactacctc atgtccgaa gacatagtc ctggtctca 
      atcaactac agactcgga atattgggc ttcctgtgc 
      ctggaggac ccctccctg ggcgtcccg ggcaacgca 
      ggcatgaaa gacatggtc ctggccctg aaatgggtc 
      caacgaaac atcgcacac ttcaaaggc gacccgaaa 
      aatgtgacc attttcggc gaaagcgcc ggctcggct 
      gccgtcaat tacctatgc ttgtcgccc ttaagtaag 
      ggacttttc cacaaagcc atcgcccag agtggctca 
      cccttgaac tactgggcc tgcggttcc agaaacgca 
      aaaactgtt gcccaattc ttacgtttt aatgaccct 
      agcgaggaa aaacttttg gtgtttttg caaaaattg 
      tcggcgaaa aaaattgta agggcacag tttcagatc 
      aaaaattgc gaagctatg gcccctgat caagtggct 
      gtgttcggc ccagtggtg gagaaacca tcgaacgaa 
      ccggcgttt ctcccggaa acaccgatc gagatttta 
      cgcaagggc accttcaac agtgtccct ttaatcatc 
      gggtacacg actagtgaa gggattttg taccagctg 
      gcagttagg cttttcaaa acgcggccg gaagtcgat 
      ttcgggaag gaaattccg tacgatttg aaaaaaacg 
      caagagttg gccctcaaa gtacgaaaa ttttacttt 
      ggtgaggga gaaatttcg cggaatggc gaccaaatg 
      gtcacactc aagactgac aataacttc gtccacggg 
      attcaccga cagatcgcc tacatgaaa acggccaac 
      aaagcgccg atttttctc taccgcatg tcacttgag 
      actagcatt aatttgatc aaaaccttg tgtaccaca 
      aaatgtccc gtgtgttcc ttcctttgc ttgtttttt 
      tcctacaag tgctgcacg tcaggtcac tgcattaga 
      cgtgctttt cccaaaaat caattgact ggtgtttgt 
      cacggtgat gatgtttcc tacttgttc aaatcgttc 
      gcctcccct cgcctcaaa aaaggcagc attgaggaa 
      atttccatc agacgtttc gtcaagttg tggacgaat 
      ttcgcaaaa accgggcac ccgacgccg gttaaaacc 
      gagctggtg gacgtgctc tggacgccg gtgacgccc 
      gactgtgat ttttttctc gacattggg cgagagctc 
      aagatgggt aagaacccg gattgggag cgaatgcag 
      ttctgggac cgtttttac cctaattag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC005499 RA
      atgccaaaa ttactcgtg actatcgac gaaggcaca 
      ctgcgcggc aaaaaatca aaaacctac ctcggagaa 
      acgttccac agtttcttg ggaatcccc tacgctgaa 
      cccccgatc gggccgctg cgcttcaaa gccccggtc 
      cccaaacgc ccatggcaa ggtatacga aacgcaacc 
      aaagaaggc ccagcgtgc ccttcacct cacatgttt 
      ttccagttc tacgtaggt tgcgaaaac aactgtctg 
      aacctaaac gtattcacg aaaaattac agtacgttg 
      cgaccggtc atggtgtgg atacacggc ggcgctttc 
      ctcatgggc agcaacacc agggcggtc ttcgggcct 
      gactacctc atgtccgaa gacatagtc ctggtctca 
      atcaactac agactcgga atattgggc ttcctgtgc 
      ctggaggac ccctccctg ggcgtcccg ggcaacgca 
      ggcatgaaa gacatggtc ctggccctg aaatgggtc 
      caacgaaac atcgcacac ttcaaaggc gacccgaaa 
      aatgtgacc attttcggc gaaagcgcc ggctcggct 
      gccgtcaat tacctatgc ttgtcgccc ttaagtaag 
      ggacttttc cacaaagcc atcgcccag agtggctca 
      cccttgaac tactgggcc tgcggttcc agaaacgca 
      aaaactgtt gcccaattc ttacgtttt aatgaccct 
      agcgaggaa aaacttttg gtgtttttg caaaaattg 
      tcggcgaaa aaaattgta agggcacag tttcagatc 
      aaaaattgc gaagctatg gcccctgat caagtggct 
      gtgttcggc ccagtggtg gagaaacca tcgaacgaa 
      ccggcgttt ctcccggaa acaccgatc gagatttta 
      cgcaagggc accttcaac agtgtccct ttaatcatc 
      gggtacacg actagtgaa gggattttg taccagctg 
      gcagttagg cttttcaaa acgcggccg gaagtcgat 
      ttcgggaag gaaattccg tacgatttg aaaaaaacg 
      caagagttg gccctcaaa gtacgaaaa ttttacttt 
      ggtgaggga gaaatttcg cggaatggc gaccaaatg 
      gtcacactc aagactgac aataacttc gtccacggg 
      attcaccga cagatcgcc tacatgaaa acggccaac 
      aaagcgccg atttttctc taccgcatg tcacttgag 
      actagcatt aatttgatc aaaaccttg tgtaccaca 
      aaatgtccc gtgtgttcc ttcctttgc ttgtttttt 
      tcctacaag tgctgcacg tcaggtcac tgcattaga 
      cgtgctttt cccaaaaat caattgact ggtgtttgt 
      cacggtgat gatgtttcc tacttgttc aaatcgttc 
      gcctcccct cgcctcaaa aaaggcagc attgaggaa 
      atttccatc agacgtttc gtcaagttg tggacgaat 
      ttcgcaaaa accgggcac ccgacgccg gttaaaacc 
      gagctggtg gacgtgctc tggacgccg gtgacgccc 
      gactgtgat ttttttctc gacattggg cgagagctc 
      aagatgggt aagaacccg gattgggag cgaatgcag 
      ttctgggac cgtttttac cctaattag
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY