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Gene information
General information
TC004433 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007417.3: 4965878..4969521
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC004433
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_03756

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    ovary without detectable defects - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4
    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    larval musculature fluorescence decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 40.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt not fulfilled (died as L7 or prepupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult nutritional state bad (cachectic) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (22 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (41 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Pupal morphology
    wings distalbent - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2

    Adult morphology
    funicle darker - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 8


    elytra darker - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 8


    legs darker - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 8


    elytra distalbent - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2

    Fertility
    egg production: number no/almost no eggs -
    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC004433 RA
      MHKLVKVWQ IGRLNYSKG LKLQKHLVH LHHEQPEFA 
      NNTLLCLEH PPVYTTGIR TKEYPQDVA QQLEALGAE 
      FHRTDRGGL ITFHGPGQL VVYPILNLK DFKPSMRWY 
      VCHIEKTVI RLCKKMGIE AETSPHTGV WICAIGVHG 
      SRFVTSHGL ALNCCTDLK WFEHIVPCG IEGKGVTSL 
      SKELNRLVT VEEVIPLFL DSFSEIFSC NYSFLNNKS 
      DVCEMAKNP LCCIIWFIA FYFSFIIAF FCAFWYIIL 
      YPFTVCISA CSDYTDLLL KGIQLPQFC ANKMVHCEG 
      C
    CDS sequence
    • >TC004433 RA
      atgcataag ctagtaaaa gtgtggcaa atcggccgt 
      ttaaactac tctaaaggt ttaaaattg caaaaacac 
      ctcgtccat ctccaccat gaacagccc gaatttgca 
      aataacaca ctcctgtgt ctggagcac ccccctgtc 
      tacaccacg ggaattcgc accaaggag tacccccaa 
      gacgttgcg caacaattg gaggcttta ggagcggag 
      tttcacagg acggacagg ggcggattg atcacgttt 
      catggcccc ggccagttg gttgtctac cctatcctc 
      aatttgaaa gatttcaag cccagtatg aggtggtat 
      gtgtgccat attgagaaa actgtgata cggttgtgt 
      aaaaaaatg gggattgag gcggagact tcgccgcat 
      acgggggtc tggatttgt gccattggg gtacatggg 
      agtcggttt gtgacctcg cacggcctt gctcttaat 
      tgttgcact gatttgaaa tggtttgaa catattgta 
      ccgtgtggc attgagggg aaaggtgtg acgagtctc 
      tcgaaagag ttgaacagg ctcgtgact gtggaggag 
      gtaattccc ctgtttctg gacagcttt tccgaaatt 
      ttttcatgc aattatagt tttttgaat aacaaaagt 
      gacgtttgc gaaatggca aaaaatcca ctttgttgc 
      ataatttgg ttcattgcc ttttacttt tctttcatc 
      attgctttt ttctgtgcg ttttggtac atcatattg 
      taccctttc acagtgtgt ataagcgct tgctcggac 
      tatacggac ttgctgctg aagggaatt cagctgcct 
      cagttctgt gctaacaag atggtgcat tgtgaagga 
      tgttaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC004433 RA
      cactaatcg tagctacct gcgtaaata aaacaaaaa 
      caaaataac aatcacgtg acactcagc gccgatttt 
      aaagttaca gtcatttca ccacaaact gtacgttca 
      cactacaac cagacgcac gttttcttc agcaccgcc 
      cagaccatg ccgttgaca taacctcaa atcatgcat 
      aagctagta aaagtgtgg caaatcggc cgtttaaac 
      tactctaaa ggtttaaaa ttgcaaaaa cacctcgtc 
      catctccac catgaacag cccgaattt gcaaataac 
      acactcctg tgtctggag cacccccct gtctacacc 
      acgggaatt cgcaccaag gagtacccc caagacgtt 
      gcgcaacaa ttggaggct ttaggagcg gagtttcac 
      aggacggac aggggcgga ttgatcacg tttcatggc 
      cccggccag ttggttgtc taccctatc ctcaatttg 
      aaagatttc aagcccagt atgaggtgg tatgtgtgc 
      catattgag aaaactgtg atacggttg tgtaaaaaa 
      atggggatt gaggcggag acttcgccg catacgggg 
      gtctggatt tgtgccatt ggggtacat gggagtcgg 
      tttgtgacc tcgcacggc cttgctctt aattgttgc 
      actgatttg aaatggttt gaacatatt gtaccgtgt 
      ggcattgag gggaaaggt gtgacgagt ctctcgaaa 
      gagttgaac aggctcgtg actgtggag gaggtaatt 
      cccctgttt ctggacagc ttttccgaa attttttca 
      tgcaattat agttttttg aataacaaa agtgacgtt 
      tgcgaaatg gcaaaaaat ccactttgt tgcataatt 
      tggttcatt gccttttac ttttctttc atcattgct 
      tttttctgt gcgttttgg tacatcata ttgtaccct 
      ttcacagtg tgtataagc gcttgctcg gactatacg 
      gacttgctg ctgaaggga attcagctg cctcagttc 
      tgtgctaac aagatggtg cattgtgaa ggatgttaa 
      tgttttaaa accctattt tatatctat ggtttttgt 
      ttaaaatga aataaacaa atgtgaaac aa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY