Status
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Gene information
General information
TC033892 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 16301512..16329176
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC033892
      Gene ontology

      GO terms for Tribolium

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      There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


      GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


      Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


      Gene
      {{ goGene }}
      The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
      GO ID *
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      The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
      Evidence
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      The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
      Reference *
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      The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
      Quotation
      If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
      Name
      You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
      Email
      We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
      Publish name
      If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.

      * : mandatory fields
      For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
      iBeetle screen iB_03679

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 40.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
      Days post injection


      eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
      Days post injection


      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC033892 RA
        MNPFLHIQN EQSLDDKSE STEREPEPQ 
        SEPQPGPNK SREFEITEE DYDESLEQS 
        SQTLILETE SEQTISFGH QNPTDKGIF 
        SSILKDSDK RFIIDNGPC RPLGP
      CDS sequence
      • >TC033892 RA
        atgaatcca ttcctccac attcagaat gaacaaagt 
        ttagatgat aaatcggaa tcgacagag cgggagccg 
        gagccgcag tcagagccc caacctgga cctaacaaa 
        agtcgagaa ttcgaaata actgaagag gattacgat 
        gagagtttg gagcagtct tcccaaact ttaattttg 
        gaaactgaa tctgagcaa actataagt tttgggcat 
        caaaatcca acggataaa ggaattttt tcgtcgatc 
        ttgaaagat agcgacaaa agatttatc atagacaat 
        ggtccatgt cgaccactc ggcccttaa
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC033892 RA
        ctttgtaaa ttttttcgg atttcaacg cgtaattga 
        taaaagtct ctttgttat ttttacgac ctccggatt 
        ttaaaatcg ttttgatat tttgaatat cagaatcat 
        tttcttgca cagctaaca accaatcgt cttcaacta 
        aagtaacga aaacgccca atttatctc cacttggat 
        tccgcgata atgcgtcaa catgtcgca tttgttcat 
        tacttctat gtactacat caaattgat actcactta 
        attcaagaa cccaacgtc ctatgcgtg catttaatt 
        catttttct gaaacgcat ttttaactg cagaacaat 
        cagtaatga gagtgaagt gtctaccta aatactgtc 
        taaatctgc gaatgggtg ccaaaactg ccaatgctt 
        ccaactcta aggaatggt atttttgct catctgcat 
        tagtgtgtt tactaaaat aaccaataa cattctctt 
        tttgttcat cattaattt gtgtcaaaa tccccgcca 
        aaccaaaac ggctcagta tacaatcgg atttttaaa 
        tcaggatta aacaaatta atgtcgtca cgatcagta 
        aaattttgt ccaataagt atttcgact cccattaca 
        caacgatca acaatataa aattccacc gttcgtgta 
        atttcatca atgacaaca tcagcttga accacgcca 
        ctaggcgtc tcgcaatta ccgccaaat gtagtcaaa 
        acgatatcg gtaccggac gaaattcgt ggaagttct 
        aacaacttt acagccgcc ttggtaatt aaagaacac 
        tgactatcg aagtctaca aagcatttt atttcctgt 
        ttttcattt tgaatcatt ttgaaatat ttcgcactc 
        tgattgtga ttaccaata aaattaacg tgtctaggc 
        tcaatcgct agtttaccg ccaggtcgt gttgatttg 
        tttttcggg caaaatctt tggaaatgc cctacctca 
        ccacattta aaacacgtt gattttatt tcagttgac 
        ctattttgg gatttattg ttattaggt ctatgatac 
        attgattgt tgggaatgc tgagtataa tatttcttg 
        gaatccaca gtcgtttgt ttattttta aaactactg 
        ctagcgacc ggcgtttta acacgtgca ttagtctgt 
        aaatttcgc aaatgattt gctaattct tgtggactt 
        ttgatgtta gccgtttcc acgacgaat ttaatttgc 
        tgatcttgt atactcccc attatcaaa ttcactttg 
        tcttcatcg gttagtggt aattttagt ttacgaata 
        agagccaac tttttataa acatactca taaagcgac 
        tgaccttcc tccggtaca taattgatc atagtaact 
        aaaaacccg tgtagatcg cgttttgtt ttgaaattg 
        gatagaatc atgtctcgc cactccggc cacgaaaac 
        aatttcgtg ggaagcccc tgataccaa acctgtgct 
        gatcctcgt agtttatta agggccacg tagcaagtt 
        gccctatcg tcccatcgg tgaaggacg gcatactct 
        tcaacagaa tgaatccat tcctccaca ttcagaatg 
        aacaaagtt tagatgata aatcggaat cgacagagc 
        gggagccgg agccgcagt cagagcccc aacctggac 
        ctaacaaaa gtcgagaat tcgaaataa ctgaagagg 
        attacgatg agagtttgg agcagtctt cccaaactt 
        taattttgg aaactgaat ctgagcaaa ctataagtt 
        ttgggcatc aaaatccaa cggataaag gaatttttt 
        cgtcgatct tgaaagata gcgacaaaa gatttatca 
        tagacaatg gtccatgtc gaccactcg gcccttaac 
        ctaaagata aagcagaag aggtttttc agaatctta 
        ttattcaaa aatttcgaa agctggcat taaaacgga 
        acgctactg gttgtgcta ctcatttat tttaaataa 
        atgctgctg tcaacctta ttgggtatt tggcaggac 
        cacgaaaaa ctccttagc tgcaggatt taatgaatg 
        gatcattta caaagagca ataacaaga cacgagact 
        tcagctgac cataacaaa tcatgcatt atttatgat 
        aaatggcgt agaaataaa acaattgat agtga
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY