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Gene information
General information
TC004005 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 28592477..28601491
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC004005
    iBeetle screen iB_03669

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    head capsule size decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    head not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    legs segment shortened - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    thorax segment sometimes not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen segment number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 40.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection



    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (41 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Adult morphology
    elytra dorsal orientation not closed - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 8


    Fertility
    egg production: number no/almost no eggs -
    vitellogenic egg chamber shape irregular - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    tropharium size shortened - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    egg chamber position anteriorized - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    mature egg not present - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4

    egg chamber number decreased - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4
    vitellogenic egg chamber partially not present - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4
    previtellogenic egg chamber number decreased - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4
    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC004005 RA
      MASGEDRKV ALLTGITGQ DGSYLTEFL LGKGYEVHG 
      IIRRASTFN TSRIEHLHT NVYQHKGGK MHLHYGDMT 
      DSSSLVKLI NKIKPMEIY NLAAQSHVK VSFDLSEYT 
      AEVDAVGTL RLLDAIRTC GLEKEVKFY QASTSELYG 
      KVAEIPQSE KTPFYPRSP YACAKLYAY WIVVNYREA 
      YGMFACNGI LFNHESPRR GETFVTRKI TREVAKIHL 
      GLTQCLELG NLDSKRDWG HAKDYVEAM WLMLQQPEP 
      DDFVIASGE THSVREFVE AAFRHVGKE ILWEGSGVD 
      EVGKEKDTG VVRVRINPR YFRPTEVDL LLGDASKAR 
      SKFNWAPKV SFPELVKDM MEADIDLMK RNPLA
    CDS sequence
    • >TC004005 RA
      atggcaagt ggtgaggac cgcaaagtg gcccttttg 
      accggaatt acgggtcag gacggttcg tatcttact 
      gagtttctt ctgggcaaa ggctacgaa gttcatggg 
      attattcgc agagctagt acttttaat acgagcaga 
      attgagcat ttgcacaca aatgtttac cagcataag 
      ggcggaaaa atgcattta cattatggg gacatgacc 
      gattctagc tcacttgtg aagcttata aataaaata 
      aaaccaatg gaaatttat aatttggcg gctcaaagc 
      cacgttaag gtgtctttt gatttgagc gagtacacg 
      gcagaggtg gacgctgtg ggaactttg cgacttttg 
      gatgccata aggacttgt gggttggag aaagaagtc 
      aagttttat caagcttcc acctcggaa ttgtacgga 
      aaagtcgcc gaaattcca cagagtgaa aaaacgccg 
      ttttatccc aggtctcca tacgcttgt gcaaagctt 
      tacgcttac tggatcgtg gtgaactac cgtgaagct 
      tacggcatg ttcgcctgc aacggcatc ctcttcaac 
      cacgaaagc ccccgacgt ggtgaaacc ttcgtcacg 
      cgcaaaatc acccgagaa gtggccaaa atccacctg 
      gggctcact cagtgcctt gaattaggc aacctggac 
      tcgaagcgc gactggggc catgccaag gactacgtg 
      gaggccatg tggctcatg ctgcagcag cccgagccg 
      gacgacttc gtcatagct tccggggag acgcacagt 
      gtgcgggag tttgttgag gcggctttc agacacgtg 
      gggaaggag attctgtgg gaagggagc ggcgtggac 
      gaggtgggg aaggagaag gacaccgga gttgtccgg 
      gttaggatc aacccgagg tatttccgg cccacggaa 
      gtggatttg ttgttgggg gatgcgtcc aaagccagg 
      agcaagttt aattgggcg ccgaaagtg tcgtttcct 
      gagctggtg aaggatatg atggaggcg gatattgat 
      ttaatgaag aggaatcct ttggcttag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC004005 RA
      cctgtaatc ggttaaacc aaaataatc tcgattgtg 
      ggcttgtct gtagataaa taagaaaat ctgcttgtt 
      taaacacaa ttcgggtgt taattgcgg taataaatc 
      acacaattg tgtaacaag acacgtcat ggcaagtgg 
      tgaggaccg caaagtggc ccttttgac cggaattac 
      gggtcagga cggttcgta tcttactga gtttcttct 
      gggcaaagg ctacgaagt tcatgggat tattcgcag 
      agctagtac ttttaatac gagcagaat tgagcattt 
      gcacacaaa tgtttacca gcataaggg cggaaaaat 
      gcatttaca ttatgggga catgaccga ttctagctc 
      acttgtgaa gcttataaa taaaataaa accaatgga 
      aatttataa tttggcggc tcaaagcca cgttaaggt 
      gtcttttga tttgagcga gtacacggc agaggtgga 
      cgctgtggg aactttgcg acttttgga tgccataag 
      gacttgtgg gttggagaa agaagtcaa gttttatca 
      agcttccac ctcggaatt gtacggaaa agtcgccga 
      aattccaca gagtgaaaa aacgccgtt ttatcccag 
      gtctccata cgcttgtgc aaagcttta cgcttactg 
      gatcgtggt gaactaccg tgaagctta cggcatgtt 
      cgcctgcaa cggcatcct cttcaacca cgaaagccc 
      ccgacgtgg tgaaacctt cgtcacgcg caaaatcac 
      ccgagaagt ggccaaaat ccacctggg gctcactca 
      gtgccttga attaggcaa cctggactc gaagcgcga 
      ctggggcca tgccaagga ctacgtgga ggccatgtg 
      gctcatgct gcagcagcc cgagccgga cgacttcgt 
      catagcttc cggggagac gcacagtgt gcgggagtt 
      tgttgaggc ggctttcag acacgtggg gaaggagat 
      tctgtggga agggagcgg cgtggacga ggtggggaa 
      ggagaagga caccggagt tgtccgggt taggatcaa 
      cccgaggta tttccggcc cacggaagt ggatttgtt 
      gttggggga tgcgtccaa agccaggag caagtttaa 
      ttgggcgcc gaaagtgtc gtttcctga gctggtgaa 
      ggatatgat ggaggcgga tattgattt aatgaagag 
      gaatccttt ggcttagtt tttgatttt ttagcacaa 
      cattccgtt ttttatttt ttttttaac tagtcttcc 
      taatggcat attgattgt tttattttt tgacactta 
      cgtaaattg tcacgtgct cgcattgta atttaaatg 
      caaatggaa gtattttta taaagtatg tccaaagga 
      aattggccg atttaatcg ttgtaatga ctgaaatgt 
      atgtaaatt tgtctaaat aaaattaac tttgaaat
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY