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Gene information
General information
TC004002 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 28716650..28720139
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC004002
    iBeetle screen iB_03668

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (41 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC004002 RA
      MVNNTKWAK RSLELTYPK EPPFKNVRE YLLSKKSFE 
      DARHFHSYQ WDKPGHQPI FHLVAGQRI LEDTTRQLE 
      EKREWAKRE RVKLQSQWD DLYDKQLKF KETFQTLSS 
      FVKSNQDKR LRAQNSLNE DYKLRMKRT QEIETLQKL 
      INVVVESKK EMEANIAEL KMYELYLNQ VVSASEDFK 
      NADDLISRY ESLVSTRNL LAKRQDENL KELETARAK 
      IAKMVEDNS FKILGLNTA LASLNSRYN TAFREAVHW 
      ENIVLAIKS HSFQRFQEL AEVKQSCWN TYLLMCQRK 
      SETPKLEEG DFEKQLIFI QKTLQEVGT VKELAKRES 
      KVIGRMRPS RT
    CDS sequence
    • >TC004002 RA
      atggtcaac aacacaaaa tgggcaaaa cgctctctg 
      gaactgact tatccaaaa gaacctccg ttcaaaaac 
      gttagggaa tatctcctc tcgaaaaaa agtttcgaa 
      gacgcacgt cattttcac agttaccag tgggacaaa 
      ccaggccac cagccaatt ttccatctt gtggctggt 
      cagcgcatc ctggaggac accacaagg caattggag 
      gaaaaaagg gaatgggct aaaagggaa agggtcaag 
      ttacagtcg caatgggac gatttgtac gacaaacaa 
      ttaaagttt aaagagact tttcagact ctaagttcg 
      tttgtcaaa tccaatcaa gacaagagg ctaagggcg 
      caaaatagc ctgaacgaa gattacaaa ttaagaatg 
      aaaaggaca caagagatt gaaactttg caaaaattg 
      attaacgtt gtggttgag tctaagaag gaaatggag 
      gctaatatt gcagagtta aaaatgtac gagctctat 
      ctcaatcaa gtggtcagt gcttccgaa gatttcaaa 
      aacgccgac gatttaatc tcccgttac gaatccctc 
      gttagcact cgaaacctt ttagccaaa cgccaagac 
      gaaaatctc aaagagctc gaaacagct cgggccaaa 
      attgccaaa atggtcgaa gacaactcg ttcaaaatc 
      ctgggcttg aacacagct ctcgcttcg ctcaactct 
      cgctacaac actgcgttt cgtgaagct gtccattgg 
      gaaaatata gttttggcc ataaaaagt cactcgttt 
      cagaggttt caggaattg gccgaggtt aagcaaagt 
      tgttggaac acttatttg ctgatgtgt caacgaaag 
      agcgaaacg cccaaactt gaggaaggt gattttgag 
      aaacagttg atttttatt cagaagacg ttgcaagag 
      gtggggact gtgaaagag ttggctaaa agggagtcg 
      aaggtgatt gggaggatg aggccgagt cgaacatga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC004002 RA
      gtttaattt aaagcaatg gtcaacaac acaaaatgg 
      gcaaaacgc tctctggaa ctgacttat ccaaaagaa 
      cctccgttc aaaaacgtt agggaatat ctcctctcg 
      aaaaaaagt ttcgaagac gcacgtcat tttcacagt 
      taccagtgg gacaaacca ggccaccag ccaattttc 
      catcttgtg gctggtcag cgcatcctg gaggacacc 
      acaaggcaa ttggaggaa aaaagggaa tgggctaaa 
      agggaaagg gtcaagtta cagtcgcaa tgggacgat 
      ttgtacgac aaacaatta aagtttaaa gagactttt 
      cagactcta agttcgttt gtcaaatcc aatcaagac 
      aagaggcta agggcgcaa aatagcctg aacgaagat 
      tacaaatta agaatgaaa aggacacaa gagattgaa 
      actttgcaa aaattgatt aacgttgtg gttgagtct 
      aagaaggaa atggaggct aatattgca gagttaaaa 
      atgtacgag ctctatctc aatcaagtg gtcagtgct 
      tccgaagat ttcaaaaac gccgacgat ttaatctcc 
      cgttacgaa tccctcgtt agcactcga aacctttta 
      gccaaacgc caagacgaa aatctcaaa gagctcgaa 
      acagctcgg gccaaaatt gccaaaatg gtcgaagac 
      aactcgttc aaaatcctg ggcttgaac acagctctc 
      gcttcgctc aactctcgc tacaacact gcgtttcgt 
      gaagctgtc cattgggaa aatatagtt ttggccata 
      aaaagtcac tcgtttcag aggtttcag gaattggcc 
      gaggttaag caaagttgt tggaacact tatttgctg 
      atgtgtcaa cgaaagagc gaaacgccc aaacttgag 
      gaaggtgat tttgagaaa cagttgatt tttattcag 
      aagacgttg caagaggtg gggactgtg aaagagttg 
      gctaaaagg gagtcgaag gtgattggg aggatgagg 
      ccgagtcga acatgatgt ctgatgtgt attttatgt 
      ttatttcta attattgtt taaataaag gttatttaa 
      tttg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY