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Gene information
General information
TC003442 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

scaffold_seqid16: 632980..633825
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC003442
    iBeetle screen iB_03557
    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 larval musculature irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    head capsule size decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    procephalic head partially not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    Comment: procephalic head is either strangly malformed with the appengages barely visible or partial missing 
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    remarks: later than schedule,
    Adult morphology
    remarks: later than schedule,
    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC003442 RA
      MLAVQGMNQ SGIPDKMWQ PPFVAFETT 
      MGEITIELY WKHAPQTCR NFAELTRRG 
      YYNNTIFHR VIRDFMIQG GDPTGTGKG 
      GLSIYGQTF KDEIHPELK HSGAGILSM 
      ANSGPDTNG SQFFITLAP TQWLDGKHA 
      IFGRIQSGM NVVKRIGLV ETDKNDRPV 
      DEVKIIRGK VIKN
    CDS sequence
    • >TC003442 RA
      atgttggcc gttcagggc atgaaccag tctgggatt 
      ccagacaag atgtggcag cccccattc gtcgcattc 
      gagacgaca atgggcgaa atcacaatt gagctttac 
      tggaaacac gccccacaa acgtgtcga aactttgcc 
      gaattgacc aggcgaggt tactacaac aacacaatt 
      ttccatcgg gttatacgc gattttatg atacaaggt 
      ggggacccc acggggaca ggtaaaggg gggctgtca 
      atttacgga cagacattt aaggacgaa atacaccca 
      gagttgaaa cacagcggg gctggaatt ttgtcaatg 
      gccaattcg ggccctgac accaacggg tcacagttt 
      ttcatcact ttggcgcct acgcagtgg ttggacggg 
      aaacacgcg atttttggg cgaattcag tcaggaatg 
      aacgttgtg aagaggata gggctagtg gagaccgac 
      aaaaatgat aggcctgtt gatgaagtg aagataata 
      aggggaaaa gttattaag aactaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC003442 RA
      caacatggc caagaaaaa atcccttga tattcctgt 
      ttacgcttt tataacctc caatttgta gataaataa 
      cgttaaaaa atcacaaaa atgttggcc gttcagggc 
      atgaaccag tctgggatt ccagacaag atgtggcag 
      cccccattc gtcgcattc gagacgaca atgggcgaa 
      atcacaatt gagctttac tggaaacac gccccacaa 
      acgtgtcga aactttgcc gaattgacc aggcgaggt 
      tactacaac aacacaatt ttccatcgg gttatacgc 
      gattttatg atacaaggt ggggacccc acggggaca 
      ggtaaaggg gggctgtca atttacgga cagacattt 
      aaggacgaa atacaccca gagttgaaa cacagcggg 
      gctggaatt ttgtcaatg gccaattcg ggccctgac 
      accaacggg tcacagttt ttcatcact ttggcgcct 
      acgcagtgg ttggacggg aaacacgcg atttttggg 
      cgaattcag tcaggaatg aacgttgtg aagaggata 
      gggctagtg gagaccgac aaaaatgat aggcctgtt 
      gatgaagtg aagataata aggggaaaa gttattaag 
      aactaagtg atttttata taatgcgaa aattaataa 
      aaaatacga actaacaag agttttatt tctttattt 
      gaattagcg cctgcagtt agaaattaa atttaagga 
      aaacaaagt cactaacct gaaccacct gtcaatgtc 
      aaagtccat atggcagtt tgtcaataa aatgcttgc 
      aaaatt