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Gene information
General information
TC003319 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

scaffold_seqid14: 131916..133174
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC003319
    iBeetle screen iB_03538
    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (41 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC003319 RA
      MDKLTLISG TLFMAADIF AIVSLAMPD 
      WIITDVGGD TRLGLMWTC MTLYNRPQV 
      CFTPDLQPE WLLALVCIF VGCICITTT 
      IILLASSQW DRNVIPYAR WVGFTAMVL 
      FCLAAVIFP MGFHVDEIG GQPYQLPNS 
      HQVGISYIL FVLALWITV ISELFAGKV 
      CLPHF
    CDS sequence
    • >TC003319 RA
      atggataag ttgactcta atctctgga acgttgttt 
      atggcagcc gatattttc gcgattgtg agtttggcg 
      atgccagat tggatcatc accgatgtt ggcggagac 
      acccgtttg ggcctaatg tggacttgt atgacactg 
      tacaacagg ccacaagtt tgctttacg cctgatctt 
      caacccgag tggttactg gcccttgtc tgtattttt 
      gtgggttgc atttgtatc accaccact attattctg 
      ctagcctcc tcgcagtgg gaccgtaat gtgattcca 
      tatgccaga tgggttggt tttacagca atggtcttg 
      ttttgtttg gctgctgtt atattccca atgggattc 
      cacgttgac gaaattggg ggccaacct taccaacta 
      ccaaacagc caccaagtc ggcatttct tatatttta 
      tttgttctg gctctttgg atcacagtt atttcagag 
      ctgtttgca gggaaggtt tgtttgcca catttttag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC003319 RA
      ccaaaataa taataaagt gcgactccc atcatttgt 
      ttaattgtt ttgtaatta attgggggc tatcaagtg 
      ccagaaatg gataagttg actctaatc tctggaacg 
      ttgtttatg gcagccgat attttcgcg attgtgagt 
      ttggcgatg ccagattgg atcatcacc gatgttggc 
      ggagacacc cgtttgggc ctaatgtgg acttgtatg 
      acactgtac aacaggcca caagtttgc tttacgcct 
      gatcttcaa cccgagtgg ttactggcc cttgtctgt 
      atttttgtg ggttgcatt tgtatcacc accactatt 
      attctgcta gcctcctcg cagtgggac cgtaatgtg 
      attccatat gccagatgg gttggtttt acagcaatg 
      gtcttgttt tgtttggct gctgttata ttcccaatg 
      ggattccac gttgacgaa attgggggc caaccttac 
      caactacca aacagccac caagtcggc atttcttat 
      attttattt gttctggct ctttggatc acagttatt 
      tcagagctg tttgcaggg aaggtttgt ttgccacat 
      ttttagaat tatgttata tggaacgta catattaag 
      caagaatat tccacaaaa cagctcaat ggtaatgta 
      aaactagaa ttaagcatt cagttttca atgtatggt 
      caaatacat taatctgat acagttctg gctgtatgt 
      gggtaagta taatccatt cacgatgtt tttgtcata 
      attataaac taattttcg ttatggttc aggttgtcc 
      atctaagtc gtctaaatg caaaaccca cactttgta 
      aaattatta aaatttaac atcgattaa ttccattgt 
      gttaatgtg ataattgtg gataaaacg tcctattgc 
      attcgctta aagaaaatc gttcttcag acgtcatta 
      caatttttc aaaatagtt tttctcaaa aagtcagag 
      tgagttagc atttaaacg gttcatttg tccttttcc 
      aagaatttt ctggatgga ttattctgc ttgtttgtt 
      acatgttag tattatgaa tggttgctg tgataaaat 
      tcttatttt tatgaataa aaatgtaca gatctgtag 
      ttaccttgt acgaaataa ataaaacac gtgtagaac 
      t