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Gene information
General information
TC003252 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 398860..399791
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC003252
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_03528

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    larva appendages partially shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    gnathal appendages partiallynot present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    remarks: later than schedule,
    Adult morphology
    remarks: later than schedule,
    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC003252 RA
      MCHLKRKKV IIMSFSGFS EDDIRKLTK APDVNKPQK 
      GSHKTALKK VTFKPNNTN TTRTKTILS NITNNLPQE 
      TPENAKLSV QNSVVPDPE PKIPEVKSE RKFKDLDEF 
      EARQKLIEE QNRKRKELL AKALADRTR QTQEEAQRL 
      NEIQEEFKK LDDLLSCDV KILRKQIEA ASVEYMECQ 
      KKYNRIEKE FLEAKLLLH QKQEKKEML TEHLCTIIE 
      KNEERKAEK LNELLSKLE LRATEGSVT QNGN
    CDS sequence
    • >TC003252 RA
      atgtgtcat ttgaaaagg aaaaaagtc attattatg 
      tcattttcg ggctttagc gaagatgat attcgcaaa 
      ttaactaaa gctccagat gttaataag ccacagaaa 
      ggttctcac aaaactgcc ttaaagaaa gtaactttt 
      aaaccaaat aacacaaac acaactcga actaaaaca 
      atcctcagt aatataacc aataacttg cctcaagaa 
      acccccgaa aatgctaaa ctaagtgta caaaatagt 
      gtagtgcca gatccagag ccaaaaatt ccagaagtg 
      aaaagtgag cgaaaattt aaggatttg gacgaattt 
      gaagcacgt cagaaactc atcgaggaa caaaaccgc 
      aaacgcaaa gaacttttg gctaaagct ctagctgat 
      aggactcgc caaacgcag gaagaagca caaagattg 
      aacgagatt caggaggag tttaaaaaa ttggacgat 
      ttgttatca tgtgacgtg aaaatactg cgtaaacag 
      attgaagcc gccagtgtt gagtacatg gagtgccag 
      aaaaaatat aacaggatt gaaaaggaa ttcctggag 
      gctaagctt ctccttcat cagaaacag gagaagaag 
      gaaatgttg actgaacat ttgtgcaca attatcgag 
      aaaaatgag gagaggaaa gccgagaag ttgaacgaa 
      ttgttgagt aaattggag ttgagggcg acagaaggg 
      agtgttacg caaaatggc aattga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC003252 RA
      ttaattttg acagtttgc tgtgttgtc aaataacct 
      aaatgtgtc atttgaaaa ggaaaaaag tcattatta 
      tgtcatttt cgggcttta gcgaagatg atattcgca 
      aattaacta aagctccag atgttaata agccacaga 
      aaggttctc acaaaactg ccttaaaga aagtaactt 
      ttaaaccaa ataacacaa acacaactc gaactaaaa 
      caatcctca gtaatataa ccaataact tgcctcaag 
      aaacccccg aaaatgcta aactaagtg tacaaaata 
      gtgtagtgc cagatccag agccaaaaa ttccagaag 
      tgaaaagtg agcgaaaat ttaaggatt tggacgaat 
      ttgaagcac gtcagaaac tcatcgagg aacaaaacc 
      gcaaacgca aagaacttt tggctaaag ctctagctg 
      ataggactc gccaaacgc aggaagaag cacaaagat 
      tgaacgaga ttcaggagg agtttaaaa aattggacg 
      atttgttat catgtgacg tgaaaatac tgcgtaaac 
      agattgaag ccgccagtg ttgagtaca tggagtgcc 
      agaaaaaat ataacagga ttgaaaagg aattcctgg 
      aggctaagc ttctccttc atcagaaac aggagaaga 
      aggaaatgt tgactgaac atttgtgca caattatcg 
      agaaaaatg aggagagga aagccgaga agttgaacg 
      aattgttga gtaaattgg agttgaggg cgacagaag 
      ggagtgtta cgcaaaatg gcaattgat gtaggatta 
      agtgactaa tatttatgt aataaatta cgccaatta 
      aa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY