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Gene information
General information
TC001038 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

scaffold_seqid7: 4542590..4594766
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC001038
    iBeetle screen iB_03123
    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC001038 RA
      MATSLTGVG ILWATLSLA AALLCCSGF 
      YLPFWIQGR LLGKVDAYF SSFRRCNYP 
      RVSPQGVVE IVQECGRYS KFWDIPSPW 
      WQASTVLVG TGSALSLLI AVTATAACC 
      ITYVVHSGT ARVAGSLQL TAALLVIVG 
      AAVYPVGWD NREVRESCG NSSHIYRLG 
      TCELSWSVY LLASAVLLL LLCFCLSFC 
      ASRVKAGSF RI
    CDS sequence
    • >TC001038 RA
      atggcaacc tctctaact ggagttggg attctgtgg 
      gctacgttg tccttagcg gcggccttg ctgtgctgc 
      tcgggattt tatctgccc ttctggata cagggccgc 
      ctgctggga aaagtggat gcctacttt agttcgttc 
      cgcagatgc aactatccc cgagtcagt ccgcagggg 
      gtagttgag atagtgcag gaatgtgga cggtattca 
      aagttctgg gacattccg agcccttgg tggcaagcc 
      agcaccgtt cttgtggga accggaagt gcgttgagt 
      ttactcata gctgtgacg gccacagcg gcatgctgt 
      ataacctac gtggtgcat tcggggacg gcaagagtc 
      gccggatcc ttgcaacta acagcagcc cttcttgtg 
      atagtcggc gctgcggtc tatcctgtg ggatgggac 
      aatcgcgaa gtgcgggag tcctgtgga aattccagc 
      cacatatac cgactaggg acctgtgag ttgtcgtgg 
      tcagtttat ttgttagcg agcgccgtt cttctatta 
      cttctctgt ttctgtttg agtttttgc gcgtctcgg 
      gtgaaagcc ggctcgttt cggatctga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC001038 RA
      ggggtgccc gccagagca agcccgtga tggtagtaa 
      atacgtgaa gtgacatgt gttgaactc accctcggc 
      aaaatccac cccaatgcg agatggagc ttgggtaat 
      gaccagcga tggtcagat gaccatgaa cgcgtcttt 
      gtgatttaa ttaaaagac tatgagtgg gaactaacg 
      atggcaacc tctctaact ggagttggg attctgtgg 
      gctacgttg tccttagcg gcggccttg ctgtgctgc 
      tcgggattt tatctgccc ttctggata cagggccgc 
      ctgctggga aaagtggat gcctacttt agttcgttc 
      cgcagatgc aactatccc cgagtcagt ccgcagggg 
      gtagttgag atagtgcag gaatgtgga cggtattca 
      aagttctgg gacattccg agcccttgg tggcaagcc 
      agcaccgtt cttgtggga accggaagt gcgttgagt 
      ttactcata gctgtgacg gccacagcg gcatgctgt 
      ataacctac gtggtgcat tcggggacg gcaagagtc 
      gccggatcc ttgcaacta acagcagcc cttcttgtg 
      atagtcggc gctgcggtc tatcctgtg ggatgggac 
      aatcgcgaa gtgcgggag tcctgtgga aattccagc 
      cacatatac cgactaggg acctgtgag ttgtcgtgg 
      tcagtttat ttgttagcg agcgccgtt cttctatta 
      cttctctgt ttctgtttg agtttttgc gcgtctcgg 
      gtgaaagcc ggctcgttt cggatctga atgcacatc 
      atcgggatt gcgtccatc agcaacaac gagtggcgt 
      cccgcctgg cgaacccga cggcctccg tcgtcgtcc 
      aggagtttg tgcagtcgg caactgtga acgtgccgt 
      tttcaccca tcgtcaacg acgtgaacg acaccagcg 
      tcgtcgtca gagacctac ccaagtgtc tgatgaaat 
      cggacggaa atgttttcg attaaaatc ggccgtttc 
      tttcataat cccgtttaa ttaaacgca ggggaaagg 
      cagcactct tttagtgtt ttgcaagtc ggaagccac 
      aacaagaca gacgatttt atcggcgct ttgatttat 
      cgcaacaag caatgaaac tctgaggtt ttaaatatt 
      tatcctgtt ccgcgctga aataataac agtgcgctg 
      aattaaaag acggtttag tgccgttgt aaaataaaa 
      caatcggct gtctctccg cggctgaaa aattcaagc 
      tcggtttaa attttcaca tcgctttcg gaataaagg 
      ttttcaaaa attgggtgc aattatggc ttgtttgga 
      gttttgcct ttcccttgc agttcgttt gatttgttg 
      attgtggcg taaatacgt aaatgagaa ttctaaaaa 
      ccagtgaac aaaccaacg atcaacggc ttaaatcga 
      gtgaatttg ttaaaataa gtgcaaact gacatcatc 
      atatccaaa gactgaagt gttaaattt gttacgatt 
      tcagaaaac tagttcaat tcatgtgtt agatttcaa 
      gattctatc gactattat ttgtatcac tattaagaa 
      taaattttt aaaatttcc