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Gene information
General information
TC000921 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

scaffold_seqid7: 3001833..3002790
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC000921
    iBeetle screen iB_03104
    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: -1.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC000921 RA
      MSYSQFENQ AVLQSYNFL QEKTTYEYY ENNQALPPI 
      TYPPSDWNC PQYNAPPYM SSVLQLPTV TEIQETQPQ 
      RTKPTAGKR ARTAYTSAQ LVELEREFH HGKYLSRPR 
      RIQIAENLN LSERQIKIW FQNRRMKHK KEQMNKVST 
      PRSSPAETA SSLSPQSVA STASSADHQ IVDRLLSHA 
      PIDSANQWY SQTIDNSYQ FCDNLQYSF DNQCSGTID 
      WALPKQEDC FYQEGWNGQ SFDVSQPAL TTL
    CDS sequence
    • >TC000921 RA
      atgtcttac tcccaattt gaaaaccaa gccgttctg 
      cagtcgtat aattttctg caagaaaaa acaacttac 
      gagtattac gagaataac caagctcta ccaccaata 
      acttatcca ccttctgat tggaactgt ccccagtac 
      aacgcgccc ccttacatg tcatcagtg cttcagcta 
      ccaacagta acagaaatt caagaaact caaccccaa 
      cggaccaaa cccaccgct ggaaagcgt gcccgcact 
      gcctacacc tcggcccaa ttagtggaa ttagagcgg 
      gaattccac cacgggaaa tacttatca cgaccacgc 
      cgaatccaa atcgccgag aacctgaac ctgagtgag 
      cgtcagatc aagatttgg ttccaaaat cgcagaatg 
      aagcacaag aaagaacag atgaacaaa gtttcgact 
      ccgaggtcc tctcctgct gaaacagcc tcgtctctt 
      tcgccgcag tcggtcgcc agcaccgct tcatccgcc 
      gatcaccaa attgttgac cgcttgttg tcccacgct 
      cccatcgac agtgcaaac caatggtac agccaaacc 
      attgataac agttatcag ttctgtgat aatttgcaa 
      tacagtttt gataaccaa tgttcgggc acgattgac 
      tgggctttg cccaaacaa gaggactgt ttttatcag 
      gaagggtgg aacggccaa agcttcgat gtgtcccag 
      cctgcttta accacattg tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC000921 RA
      tttatcctg ttgtgagtc agtgcaaac ttcactttg 
      acgaaatgt cttactccc aatttgaaa accaagccg 
      ttctgcagt cgtataatt ttctgcaag aaaaaacaa 
      cttacgagt attacgaga ataaccaag ctctaccac 
      caataactt atccacctt ctgattgga actgtcccc 
      agtacaacg cgccccctt acatgtcat cagtgcttc 
      agctaccaa cagtaacag aaattcaag aaactcaac 
      cccaacgga ccaaaccca ccgctggaa agcgtgccc 
      gcactgcct acacctcgg cccaattag tggaattag 
      agcgggaat tccaccacg ggaaatact tatcacgac 
      cacgccgaa tccaaatcg ccgagaacc tgaacctga 
      gtgagcgtc agatcaaga tttggttcc aaaatcgca 
      gaatgaagc acaagaaag aacagatga acaaagttt 
      cgactccga ggtcctctc ctgctgaaa cagcctcgt 
      ctctttcgc cgcagtcgg tcgccagca ccgcttcat 
      ccgccgatc accaaattg ttgaccgct tgttgtccc 
      acgctccca tcgacagtg caaaccaat ggtacagcc 
      aaaccattg ataacagtt atcagttct gtgataatt 
      tgcaataca gttttgata accaatgtt cgggcacga 
      ttgactggg ctttgccca aacaagagg actgttttt 
      atcaggaag ggtggaacg gccaaagct tcgatgtgt 
      cccagcctg ctttaacca cattgtgat tgacttatt 
      taattatgc tacttatta atgtattag ttaggggtt 
      taaataaaa tttgatgca gcaa