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Gene information
General information
TC000747 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007417.3: 6286336..6287660
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC000747
    iBeetle screen iB_03072

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 larval musculature irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    larval musculature fluorescence decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    larva shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    Comment: Larvae seem not to be streched and stay in a compaqued position.
    posterior terminus irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    urogomphi decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    pygopodium decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC000747 RA
      MANDREILR EVWEGKLPI SFQLDPDEV VELQQPDPF 
      YLMVPRLSY FPLVTDKVR KHFLRYVAN DKQDREMWL 
      EYDGQPMKW HYPIGVLYD LLITSDDQL PWNITVHFD 
      KFPENQIYK FSNKETVES YFMACLKEA DVLKHRGQI 
      ASNMQKKDH NQLWLGLQN DKFDQFWAV NRKLMEVSQ 
      EQEHFKYIP FKCYLDDGY RQKLIKPVD EDGRRKTLQ 
      DLINEMFPG KNVVIKTHG MIPPLETPL QWMSEHLSY 
      PDNFLHLCV QT
    CDS sequence
    • >TC000747 RA
      atggctaat gatagggag attttgcgt gaggtgtgg 
      gagggtaaa ctacccatt tcgtttcaa ttggatcct 
      gatgaagtg gttgaattg caacaaccg gaccctttt 
      tatttaatg gttccgcgt ttgagttat tttcctttg 
      gttacggat aaagtgcgc aaacatttc ctacggtat 
      gtggccaat gataaacag gacagggaa atgtggctg 
      gagtatgat ggacagccc atgaaatgg cactatccc 
      attggtgtt ctctatgat ttacttatc acttcagat 
      gatcagttg ccgtggaac ataactgtc cacttcgat 
      aagttccca gaaaatcag atttacaaa ttcagcaac 
      aaagagact gttgagtca tatttcatg gcttgcttg 
      aaggaagcc gatgtgttg aagcacaga ggacaaatt 
      gcgagtaat atgcagaaa aaagaccat aatcagttg 
      tggttaggc ttacaaaat gacaagttt gatcaattc 
      tgggctgtg aaccgtaaa ctcatggaa gtctcacaa 
      gagcaagaa cacttcaaa tacattccg tttaaatgt 
      tacttggat gatggttat agacagaaa ttgataaaa 
      ccagttgat gaagatggg cgtcgtaaa accctacaa 
      gacttaatt aatgaaatg tttccagga aaaaatgtt 
      gtcattaaa acccatggt atgatccct ccccttgaa 
      acacctttg cagtggatg tccgaacat cttagttat 
      ccagataac tttctgcat ttgtgtgta cagacgtaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC000747 RA
      tctcctgtc actcattcg tgttagtgt ggatttatt 
      tatcgtgtt ttgaataat tataacaga gtatgggaa 
      aatagaact gataggtgc gagatatgg ctaatgata 
      gggagattt tgcgtgagg tgtgggagg gtaaactac 
      ccatttcgt ttcaattgg atcctgatg aagtggttg 
      aattgcaac aaccggacc ctttttatt taatggttc 
      cgcgtttga gttattttc ctttggtta cggataaag 
      tgcgcaaac atttcctac ggtatgtgg ccaatgata 
      aacaggaca gggaaatgt ggctggagt atgatggac 
      agcccatga aatggcact atcccattg gtgttctct 
      atgatttac ttatcactt cagatgatc agttgccgt 
      ggaacataa ctgtccact tcgataagt tcccagaaa 
      atcagattt acaaattca gcaacaaag agactgttg 
      agtcatatt tcatggctt gcttgaagg aagccgatg 
      tgttgaagc acagaggac aaattgcga gtaatatgc 
      agaaaaaag accataatc agttgtggt taggcttac 
      aaaatgaca agtttgatc aattctggg ctgtgaacc 
      gtaaactca tggaagtct cacaagagc aagaacact 
      tcaaataca ttccgttta aatgttact tggatgatg 
      gttatagac agaaattga taaaaccag ttgatgaag 
      atgggcgtc gtaaaaccc tacaagact taattaatg 
      aaatgtttc caggaaaaa atgttgtca ttaaaaccc 
      atggtatga tccctcccc ttgaaacac ctttgcagt 
      ggatgtccg aacatctta gttatccag ataactttc 
      tgcatttgt gtgtacaga cgtaaagct tttgtgtga 
      tattgtcaa aaacttttg tatttattg ccttattgt 
      gaaatgtac gttatgtag gtgcacaag cttaatttt 
      tagttaaga ctaaagata atatattca aaatgtaat 
      tatggatgt tgagacacg tagtaggta aatttattt 
      tctgccatg agaaactta ttactgtct cttctcatt 
      gtttagata gattcattt tgttgcaat gcaaggcca 
      aaatattta aaaaattat actataaat ttttacatt 
      caaataaag ttctttcaa gtat
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY