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Gene information
General information
TC000611 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007417.3: 9041708..9043078
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC000611
    iBeetle screen iB_03052

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: -1.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC000611 RA
      MPPQEIATN QKEDIGKIR EWLTKQPHL PQNIDDVLI 
      LRFLHTCNY SLEQTKQLI DLFYTIRSQ APEIFGNRD 
      PSDAASQEI FKIIDLVPL PKPTKDNHK LFIYRLADP 
      DPDKYNFVD SLRTFFMIA DTRMVLETE FHSGEIPIF 
      DMEGFSLRH LTKITLPVL KKYMLYTQE AHPIRLKQI 
      HILNIPPFL DRCLALLKP FMKSEVASM LHFHLPNSE 
      TLFDYVSRD VLPAEYGGN VGKLSEMKD EWVKKVLAK 
      KEYFADESR WRVDESKRP AQNQNGKQL FGMQGSFRS 
      LSID
    CDS sequence
    • >TC000611 RA
      atgcctccg caagaaatc gccacaaac caaaaagaa 
      gacatcgga aaaatccga gaatggctc accaagcag 
      ccccatctc ccccaaaac atcgatgac gtgttgatt 
      ttgagattt ttgcatact tgcaactac agtttggag 
      caaaccaag caactgatc gatttattt tacacgatt 
      cgctcgcaa gcgcccgaa attttcggt aatcgggac 
      ccgagcgac gccgcatcg caggaaatt ttcaaaatc 
      attgattta gtaccgtta cctaagcca acgaaagat 
      aatcacaaa ttgtttatt tatcggctt gctgaccct 
      gaccctgac aagtacaat ttcgttgac tcgctgcga 
      acctttttc atgatcgcc gacacccgc atggtgctt 
      gagacggag ttccacagc ggggaaatc cccattttc 
      gacatggaa ggcttctct ttgaggcac ctgactaaa 
      atcaccctg ccggtcctc aaaaaatac atgctttat 
      acccaagaa gcccatccc attcgattg aaacaaatc 
      cacattctg aacattccc ccgtttttg gaccgctgt 
      ttggccctt ctgaagccg ttcatgaag agcgaggtc 
      gcgtcaatg ctacacttt caccttcca aattccgaa 
      actttgttc gactacgtt tccagagac gttctgccg 
      gcggaatac ggcggaaac gttggcaaa ctctcggaa 
      atgaaggac gagtgggtg aaaaaagtg ctagcaaaa 
      aaagagtac tttgccgac gaatctcgg tggagagtc 
      gacgagtcg aaaagaccc gcgcaaaat cagaacgga 
      aaacaatta ttcggaatg caaggttca ttccgatcg 
      ttaagtatc gactaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC000611 RA
      tgctttaac gcataattg cttttaaac cagtagaaa 
      gttgtttct gatgggaaa gtggggcaa caaatacaa 
      gtaaccact ttgtatctt ctctcgcag aaaacaatt 
      tgcagtagt gtgtttaaa atgcctccg caagaaatc 
      gccacaaac caaaaagaa gacatcgga aaaatccga 
      gaatggctc accaagcag ccccatctc ccccaaaac 
      atcgatgac gtgttgatt ttgagattt ttgcatact 
      tgcaactac agtttggag caaaccaag caactgatc 
      gatttattt tacacgatt cgctcgcaa gcgcccgaa 
      attttcggt aatcgggac ccgagcgac gccgcatcg 
      caggaaatt ttcaaaatc attgattta gtaccgtta 
      cctaagcca acgaaagat aatcacaaa ttgtttatt 
      tatcggctt gctgaccct gaccctgac aagtacaat 
      ttcgttgac tcgctgcga acctttttc atgatcgcc 
      gacacccgc atggtgctt gagacggag ttccacagc 
      ggggaaatc cccattttc gacatggaa ggcttctct 
      ttgaggcac ctgactaaa atcaccctg ccggtcctc 
      aaaaaatac atgctttat acccaagaa gcccatccc 
      attcgattg aaacaaatc cacattctg aacattccc 
      ccgtttttg gaccgctgt ttggccctt ctgaagccg 
      ttcatgaag agcgaggtc gcgtcaatg ctacacttt 
      caccttcca aattccgaa actttgttc gactacgtt 
      tccagagac gttctgccg gcggaatac ggcggaaac 
      gttggcaaa ctctcggaa atgaaggac gagtgggtg 
      aaaaaagtg ctagcaaaa aaagagtac tttgccgac 
      gaatctcgg tggagagtc gacgagtcg aaaagaccc 
      gcgcaaaat cagaacgga aaacaatta ttcggaatg 
      caaggttca ttccgatcg ttaagtatc gactaagga 
      cggaaatta cgatttcca aggaaatta tttacgcaa 
      attgtgata ttttttggg attaattaa tcaccttgg 
      atggctcaa ttgtgtgta attatcaca ggttttcaa 
      gtaaacacc ggtaatcgt ttcaaatgt attttttgc 
      aaagtaata aaaaacaca aacaact
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY