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Gene information
General information
TC009757 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 7417467..7419188
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC009757
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_02853

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality early (L5/6) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC009757 RA
      MEEENSWVF DSLVAFLNG PIWSAPLDS FIEEKSLIF 
      EPNVTDNEE YKNIFDEFK NLVDFMLGN FMEDIGITP 
      EQFEEACNK GHTYHVNFN HNIFEQIWA ANDYEMFKR 
      MMTQRNVEL QLEALELIE RKYGITPQS FVPKKKDDK 
      VETAVTIEK SSDFEKEIL NEVAKNFPK EEASSSEPE 
      TEVQYILEE KEILEKALK ETKEPKVTE EKQKKVDVI 
      KTETKAEIN YDRKQTEIN PAELQKRQE YLRAQRDKL 
      VALKKEARK KHLGSDNGT KDKAKVRPK SAKAAEAVL 
      SGEKPESQQ LQLRKALAE RLKTEVVSN KI
    CDS sequence
    • >TC009757 RA
      atggaagag gaaaattca tgggttttc gactctttg 
      gtcgctttc ctaaacggc cccatctgg agcgcgcct 
      ctggacagt ttcatcgaa gaaaaatcg ctgattttc 
      gaacctaac gttaccgac aacgaggaa tataagaac 
      atttttgac gagtttaag aatttggtc gattttatg 
      ttgggcaat ttcatggaa gacatcggg atcactcca 
      gaacagttc gaagaagcg tgcaataaa ggccacaca 
      tatcacgtc aatttcaac cataatatt tttgaacaa 
      atttgggcc gcaaacgac tacgaaatg ttcaaacgg 
      atgatgacc caaagaaat gttgagttg cagttggaa 
      gctcttgag ctgatcgag aggaagtat ggaatcact 
      ccacagtcg tttgttccc aagaaaaag gacgacaaa 
      gttgaaact gcggtcaca atcgaaaag tcgtccgat 
      ttcgaaaag gaaattcta aacgaagtg gcaaaaaat 
      tttccaaaa gaggaagcc tcgtcttct gaacccgag 
      acagaggtt cagtacatt ttagaggag aaagaaatc 
      cttgagaaa gctttaaaa gaaacaaaa gaaccgaaa 
      gtgacggaa gaaaaacag aaaaaagtt gatgtgatt 
      aaaacggaa acgaaggct gaaataaac tacgacaga 
      aagcagact gagataaac cccgccgaa ttgcaaaag 
      cgtcaagaa tacctccgt gcccaacga gacaagttg 
      gtagcattg aaaaaagaa gctaggaag aaacacttg 
      ggttccgac aacggcacg aaggataag gctaaggtt 
      cggccaaag tcggctaaa gccgccgaa gccgtcctt 
      tcgggggaa aaacccgag tctcagcag ttgcagctg 
      cgcaaggcg ttggccgag cggttgaaa acggaggtc 
      gtgtcaaac aaaatctaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC009757 RA
      catgactac cccaacgaa cacaaatgt gacccccag 
      aatatttac cattttgcg tgcaacact cgcttgaag 
      aaacccaaa aatggaaga ggaaaattc atgggtttt 
      cgactcttt ggtcgcttt cctaaacgg ccccatctg 
      gagcgcgcc tctggacag tttcatcga agaaaaatc 
      gctgatttt cgaacctaa cgttaccga caacgagga 
      atataagaa catttttga cgagtttaa gaatttggt 
      cgattttat gttgggcaa tttcatgga agacatcgg 
      gatcactcc agaacagtt cgaagaagc gtgcaataa 
      aggccacac atatcacgt caatttcaa ccataatat 
      ttttgaaca aatttgggc cgcaaacga ctacgaaat 
      gttcaaacg gatgatgac ccaaagaaa tgttgagtt 
      gcagttgga agctcttga gctgatcga gaggaagta 
      tggaatcac tccacagtc gtttgttcc caagaaaaa 
      ggacgacaa agttgaaac tgcggtcac aatcgaaaa 
      gtcgtccga tttcgaaaa ggaaattct aaacgaagt 
      ggcaaaaaa ttttccaaa agaggaagc ctcgtcttc 
      tgaacccga gacagaggt tcagtacat tttagagga 
      gaaagaaat ccttgagaa agctttaaa agaaacaaa 
      agaaccgaa agtgacgga agaaaaaca gaaaaaagt 
      tgatgtgat taaaacgga aacgaaggc tgaaataaa 
      ctacgacag aaagcagac tgagataaa ccccgccga 
      attgcaaaa gcgtcaaga atacctccg tgcccaacg 
      agacaagtt ggtagcatt gaaaaaaga agctaggaa 
      gaaacactt gggttccga caacggcac gaaggataa 
      ggctaaggt tcggccaaa gtcggctaa agccgccga 
      agccgtcct ttcggggga aaaacccga gtctcagca 
      gttgcagct gcgcaaggc gttggccga gcggttgaa 
      aacggaggt cgtgtcaaa caaaatcta actttttgc 
      ttatattta ttacctaaa tataacgag tacattttt 
      acatttctt tttaaaaac attaattac aaattaaaa 
      tgataaata gaaaatggc ctttaagaa ctgtataaa 
      aaatatcat aaggctgcc atttgtgga aggctggaa 
      gttgcacga ttgtgcggc ttccagtga cgggcttgg 
      gtgatatat tcgctctgt tgtacgttg ctttgggtg 
      tttgtctta ttatactaa agctaagtc tatgagatg 
      ttgagtcga gcgaatata tcgaattaa attataata 
      tgtacagag acgtttgat atatccaca ttacgaaat 
      gagggcgtt tgatatttc aaaccattt tctatgtaa 
      aatactgat cgataaatt aaactatag gtttaaaat 
      cattaagta atgtagatt aagaaatta aatggacaa 
      aa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY