Status
Please wait ...
Gene information
General information
TC033665 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 6552246..6555244
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC033665
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

    • {{ goTerm.term }}
      ({{ goTerm.evidence }}){{ goTerm.evidenceTooltip }}
      {{goTerm.showAll ? '[-]' : '[+]'}}
      Status: {{ goTerm.status }}
      Evidence: {{ goTerm.evidence }} ({{ goTerm.evidenceTooltip }})
      Reference: {{ goTerm.referenceText }}
      Quotation: {{ goTerm.quotation }}
      Submitter: {{ goTerm.name }}

    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
    {{ blurIdResult }}
    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
    {{ blurEvidenceResult }}
    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
    {{ blurReferenceResult }}
    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
    We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
    Publish name
    If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
      {{ unavailableText }}

    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_02847

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult nutritional state bad (cachectic) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 70.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality late (L7) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt delayed (still larva) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    larva lethality late (L7) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection



    eclosion delayed (still pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    egg production: number no/almost no eggs -
    tropharium decreased - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3

    ovariole not present - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC033665 RA
      MFLKSYQNE IILTLGCDG ANSLVRKSM GFHHISSNY 
      NHMGIVATL KLPQDFDNV VAWQRHLPN SGFLALLPL 
      TEGLSSMVW STNVEHAKK LIKLPENEF VDAINEALW 
      KVYPKSGLV DQAMRTFDN LVRFFDLPS SSVTQLPPK 
      ILGCDINSR AMFPLGLGH ATNYVGKGV ALVGDAAHR 
      IHPLAGQGV NLGFGDIIC LNRILGEAV YSGSKMGNL 
      LYLKEYETE RQKHNVPMM LVVHGLFHL YSSEFTPLV 
      LLRSLGLQA THALSPLKK LLLSRASGL RYWET
    CDS sequence
    • >TC033665 RA
      atgtttttg aagagttac caaaacgaa ataatttta 
      acattgggc tgtgacggt gccaactcc cttgtgcga 
      aaatcaatg ggctttcac cacatttca agtaactac 
      aatcacatg ggaatcgtg gcgacttta aaattacca 
      caggatttc gacaacgtc gtggcttgg cagaggcat 
      ctacctaac agcgggttt ttggcactg cttccgttg 
      accgaaggt ttgtcatct atggtttgg tccacaaat 
      gtcgaacac gccaaaaaa ctgatcaaa ttacccgaa 
      aatgaattt gtggatgcc ataaatgag gctctatgg 
      aaagtttat cctaaaagt gggctggtt gatcaagcc 
      atgcgaact tttgataat ttggtgcga tttttcgac 
      ttgccgtca agttcagtg actcagttg ccgccaaaa 
      attctaggt tgtgatata aatagtagg gcgatgttc 
      cctcttggt ctagggcat gccacgaat tatgttggg 
      aaaggagtg gcgttagtg ggagatgca gcccatagg 
      atacaccct ttggcaggc cagggggta aatttaggg 
      ttcggtgac atcatctgt ttgaacagg attttgggc 
      gaagcggtt tactcaggt agcaaaatg gggaactta 
      ttgtatctc aaagaatac gaaacggaa aggcagaaa 
      cacaacgtt cccatgatg ctcgtagtt catggactt 
      ttccatttg tacagttcg gaattcacc cctcttgtc 
      cttctacga agtttggga ttacaagcg acccatgca 
      ttatctccc ctcaagaaa cttctgcta tcaagagca 
      tctggtctt cggtattgg gagacgtga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC033665 RA
      agttgtaca caagctatc cgggaaata aatatgttt 
      ttgaagagt taccaaaac gaaataatt ttaacattg 
      ggctgtgac ggtgccaac tcccttgtg cgaaaatca 
      atgggcttt caccacatt tcaagtaac tacaatcac 
      atgggaatc gtggcgact ttaaaatta ccacaggat 
      ttcgacaac gtcgtggct tggcagagg catctacct 
      aacagcggg tttttggca ctgcttccg ttgaccgaa 
      ggtttgtca tctatggtt tggtccaca aatgtcgaa 
      cacgccaaa aaactgatc aaattaccc gaaaatgaa 
      tttgtggat gccataaat gaggctcta tggaaagtt 
      tatcctaaa agtgggctg gttgatcaa gccatgcga 
      acttttgat aatttggtg cgatttttc gacttgccg 
      tcaagttca gtgactcag ttgccgcca aaaattcta 
      ggttgtgat ataaatagt agggcgatg ttccctctt 
      ggtctaggg catgccacg aattatgtt gggaaagga 
      gtggcgtta gtgggagat gcagcccat aggatacac 
      cctttggca ggccagggg gtaaattta gggttcggt 
      gacatcatc tgtttgaac aggattttg ggcgaagcg 
      gtttactca ggtagcaaa atggggaac ttattgtat 
      ctcaaagaa tacgaaacg gaaaggcag aaacacaac 
      gttcccatg atgctcgta gttcatgga cttttccat 
      ttgtacagt tcggaattc acccctctt gtccttcta 
      cgaagtttg ggattacaa gcgacccat gcattatct 
      cccctcaag aaacttctg ctatcaaga gcatctggt 
      cttcggtat tgggagacg tgacttttt aaataaaca 
      ttacaagtc ttc
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY