Status
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Gene information
General information
TC033120
Former TC numbers

If one gene is splitted or genes are merged, the original TC numbers are listed. One listed former TC number indicates the previous gene has be splitted, serveral former TC number represents a merged gene.

TC014295
Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007420.3: 8554865..8556103
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC033120
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_02795

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Fertility
    eggs lost during procedure: potentially due to defects in egg-shells egg-morphology or egg-size, (13 dpi)eggs lost during procedure: potentially due to defects in egg-shells egg-morphology or egg-size, (14 dpi)
    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC033120 RA
      MASNEEFIR KNKVVVVDD DKNTKLHYA AALGNLEEI 
      EKIVAKKQK LDPENYLGW TPLMMAVRN ANAKAVDLL 
      LCHGADTSK KNNFGMNVF AMSVASGDL DMVERLLNH 
      LLCGGVSRQ SLQKTLSPV SLALLFGHD HIFKYLLER 
      HFEPNAATP FTAITPVMF AAALANNKA MKKLMLLNA 
      DVSAKNYLG KTVFDIEQT RHRKIDIAP KKQQPNVPF 
      IVISPHATN SPVFQLTQN YPNFAPTSG EGHLRKSSN 
      TLTPSAPNL LCANVTPIA PITTPQMMP QMFFPPNFS 
      PSNFATPVG AFDSSNHSF LNATLTPST MFFSPFPPQ 
      QVPF
    CDS sequence
    • >TC033120 RA
      atggcctca aacgaagaa tttataaga aaaaataaa 
      gtggttgta gttgacgat gacaaaaat accaagctt 
      cattacgct gcggctttg ggcaatttg gaagaaatt 
      gagaaaata gtggcgaaa aaacagaaa cttgaccca 
      gagaattat cttggttgg actccgctg atgatggcg 
      gtcagaaac gcgaatgcc aaagcagtg gacttgctt 
      ctgtgtcat ggggcagac accagtaaa aaaaataat 
      tttggcatg aatgtgttt gcgatgagc gtggccagt 
      ggcgacctt gacatggtg gagcgcctg ctaaaccac 
      ctcctgtgt gggggcgtc tcaagacaa agtttgcaa 
      aaaaccctt tctccggtt tctttggct cttttattc 
      ggacatgac cacattttc aagtacttg ctggagcgc 
      cattttgag ccgaacgct gccacacct ttcacagca 
      atcactccg gttatgttt gccgccgct ttagccaac 
      aacaaggcg atgaaaaag ttaatgtta ttgaacgcg 
      gacgtatca gcgaaaaac tatttgggg aaaacggtt 
      tttgacatc gagcaaacg aggcacagg aaaattgat 
      attgctccc aaaaagcaa caaccaaac gttccgttc 
      attgtaatc agtcctcat gccacaaat tccccggtt 
      ttccagctg acgcaaaac tatcccaat tttgcgccc 
      actagtgga gaaggacat ttgaggaaa tcttcaaat 
      actttaacc ccaagtgct ccaaatctg ctgtgtgct 
      aatgttaca ccaatcgct ccaatcaca acacctcag 
      atgatgccg cagatgttt ttcccgccg aatttttca 
      cccagcaat tttgcaacg ccagtggga gcttttgac 
      tcttctaat catagtttt ctgaatgcc acgttaact 
      ccgtcaact atgtttttc tcgccgttt cctccacaa 
      caggtgcct ttttaa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC033120 RA
      agcgaagga attcagtat tgaagatgg cctcaaacg 
      aagaattta taagaaaaa ataaagtgg ttgtagttg 
      acgatgaca aaaatacca agcttcatt acgctgcgg 
      ctttgggca atttggaag aaattgaga aaatagtgg 
      cgaaaaaac agaaacttg acccagaga attatcttg 
      gttggactc cgctgatga tggcggtca gaaacgcga 
      atgccaaag cagtggact tgcttctgt gtcatgggg 
      cagacacca gtaaaaaaa ataattttg gcatgaatg 
      tgtttgcga tgagcgtgg ccagtggcg accttgaca 
      tggtggagc gcctgctaa accacctcc tgtgtgggg 
      gcgtctcaa gacaaagtt tgcaaaaaa ccctttctc 
      cggtttctt tggctcttt tattcggac atgaccaca 
      ttttcaagt acttgctgg agcgccatt ttgagccga 
      acgctgcca cacctttca cagcaatca ctccggtta 
      tgtttgccg ccgctttag ccaacaaca aggcgatga 
      aaaagttaa tgttattga acgcggacg tatcagcga 
      aaaactatt tggggaaaa cggtttttg acatcgagc 
      aaacgaggc acaggaaaa ttgatattg ctcccaaaa 
      agcaacaac caaacgttc cgttcattg taatcagtc 
      ctcatgcca caaattccc cggttttcc agctgacgc 
      aaaactatc ccaattttg cgcccacta gtggagaag 
      gacatttga ggaaatctt caaatactt taaccccaa 
      gtgctccaa atctgctgt gtgctaatg ttacaccaa 
      tcgctccaa tcacaacac ctcagatga tgccgcaga 
      tgtttttcc cgccgaatt tttcaccca gcaattttg 
      caacgccag tgggagctt ttgactctt ctaatcata 
      gttttctga atgccacgt taactccgt caactatgt 
      ttttctcgc cgtttcctc cacaacagg tgccttttt 
      aacgtgttt aggtttgat aaattgtac gattttaaa 
      tgtgatgtt aattgtttt ataattttt tgtactttt 
      ttaaaaatt tacgtgata attattgta agcacaact 
      gacctttca ttaaaataa atatattcg actgat
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY