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Gene information
General information
TC008064 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007419.2: 4462092..4463601
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC008064
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    iBeetle screen iB_02761

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 larval musculature random pattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    larval musculature mostly not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    head musculature not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    thorax musculature not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    cuticle remnants with some identifiable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    gnathum segment not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    antenna shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    labrum shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    maxilla segment not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    labium segment not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    mandible segment not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    head not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    Comment: Generally, Antenna with some shape irregularity is present . Most of the time labrum like structure is also present. Genrally, prothorax segment is absent but sometimes both prothorax & metathorax segments are absent. Sometimes legs structure are irregular.
    head not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    thorax segment number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    prothorax segment not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    metathorax segment not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Comment: Generally, Antenna with some shape irregularity is present . Most of the time labrum like structure is also present. Genrally, prothorax segment is absent but sometimes both prothorax & metathorax segments are absent. Sometimes legs structure are irregular.
    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    abdomen number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: -1.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC008064 RA
      MKNTVTKDY GSVDTSALY NPCSALNNN VNINMVVFI 
      KPDPKLVLV MAQKHKSFT INSILAGSE VKDEDSESD 
      SDLDVTGDD TPPLDCSQK AAESKETEG NGEKSSKPT 
      EKPPYSYNA LIMMAIRNS PEKRLTLNG IYEYIIRNF 
      PYYKENKQG WQNSIRHNL SLNKCFVKV PRHYDDPGK 
      GNYWMLDPS AEDVFIGTS TGKLRRRSS AASRTRLAA 
      FKRTIALGG FYPPFTPFG HLYPMLYQR YPYPGPSFL 
      RPGMFEMYG NLRLAPQCP LQIPLPVVP REEEGLLKP 
      VTVITKNN
    CDS sequence
    • >TC008064 RA
      atgaagaac acagttacg aaggattat ggcagtgtc 
      gacacatct gcactttac aatccttgt tcagcactt 
      aacaacaat gtaaatata aatatggtg gtgtttatt 
      aaacccgac ccgaaactt gttcttgtt atggcacaa 
      aaacacaaa tccttcaca attaactcg attttggcc 
      ggaagtgaa gtgaaggac gaggacagt gagagtgat 
      agcgatttg gatgtgact ggggatgac accccaccg 
      ctggactgc tcccagaag gcggcagag agcaaagaa 
      accgaaggg aatggagaa aaaagcagc aaacccacc 
      gaaaagccc ccgtacagt tacaacgcc cttatcatg 
      atggcgatt cggaacagt cccgaaaaa cgcctcact 
      ttgaacgga atctacgaa tacataatc cggaatttt 
      ccctactac aaggagaac aagcaagga tggcagaac 
      tcgattaga cacaacctc agtctgaac aaatgcttt 
      gtgaaggtc ccccgtcat tacgacgat cccgggaaa 
      gggaattac tggatgctg gacccttca gccgaggat 
      gtgtttata gggaccagc actgggaag cttcgccgg 
      cggtcaagc gcagcctcc aggacacga ctagctgcg 
      ttcaaacgc acgatagcc ctggggggc ttttacccg 
      ccttttacc cccttcggg cacttgtac ccgatgctc 
      taccaacgg tacccatac ccaggaccc agttttctg 
      cgacctggg atgttcgaa atgtacgga aacttgcgc 
      ctagccccc cagtgcccc ctccagatc ccgctccca 
      gtggtcccg agggaggaa gaaggactc ctcaaacct 
      gtcactgtg ataactaaa aataattga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC008064 RA
      ctcatcttc ccaccattg gtcaggaaa cggcacaaa 
      acaccgaag aggcgtagc cccaacttt atataagcc 
      caccctgaa taaatgaag aacacagtt acgaaggat 
      tatggcagt gtcgacaca tctgcactt tacaatcct 
      tgttcagca cttaacaac aatgtaaat ataaatatg 
      gtggtgttt attaaaccc gacccgaaa cttgttctt 
      gttatggca caaaaacac aaatccttc acaattaac 
      tcgattttg gccggaagt gaagtgaag gacgaggac 
      agtgagagt gatagcgat ttggatgtg actggggat 
      gacacccca ccgctggac tgctcccag aaggcggca 
      gagagcaaa gaaaccgaa gggaatgga gaaaaaagc 
      agcaaaccc accgaaaag cccccgtac agttacaac 
      gcccttatc atgatggcg attcggaac agtcccgaa 
      aaacgcctc actttgaac ggaatctac gaatacata 
      atccggaat tttccctac tacaaggag aacaagcaa 
      ggatggcag aactcgatt agacacaac ctcagtctg 
      aacaaatgc tttgtgaag gtcccccgt cattacgac 
      gatcccggg aaagggaat tactggatg ctggaccct 
      tcagccgag gatgtgttt atagggacc agcactggg 
      aagcttcgc cggcggtca agcgcagcc tccaggaca 
      cgactagct gcgttcaaa cgcacgata gccctgggg 
      ggcttttac ccgcctttt acccccttc gggcacttg 
      tacccgatg ctctaccaa cggtaccca tacccagga 
      cccagtttt ctgcgacct gggatgttc gaaatgtac 
      ggaaacttg cgcctagcc ccccagtgc cccctccag 
      atcccgctc ccagtggtc ccgagggag gaagaagga 
      ctcctcaaa cctgtcact gtgataact aaaaataat 
      tgattgtac aaactgtaa ataaagttg taaatgtcg 
      a
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY