Status
Please wait ...
Gene information
General information
TC000773 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007417.3: 5693614..5697216
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC000773
      Gene ontology

      GO terms for Tribolium

      • {{ goTerm.term }}
        ({{ goTerm.evidence }}){{ goTerm.evidenceTooltip }}
        {{goTerm.showAll ? '[-]' : '[+]'}}
        Status: {{ goTerm.status }}
        Evidence: {{ goTerm.evidence }} ({{ goTerm.evidenceTooltip }})
        Reference: {{ goTerm.referenceText }}
        Quotation: {{ goTerm.quotation }}
        Submitter: {{ goTerm.name }}

      There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


      GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


      Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


      Gene
      {{ goGene }}
      The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
      GO ID *
      {{ blurIdResult }}
      The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
      Evidence
      {{ blurEvidenceResult }}
      The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
      Reference *
      {{ blurReferenceResult }}
      The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
      Quotation
      If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
      Name
      You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
      Email
      We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
      Publish name
      If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
        {{ unavailableText }}

      * : mandatory fields
      For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
      iBeetle screen iB_02642

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
      Days post injection


      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC000773 RA
        MNHRKNIPD TAARGNTVG RAHSTLSVS 
        AVDYYLNLP VSSPPSPAV STVTLTPGR 
        IRNIDQDME ALRASRQDN PFIQQVIAS 
        RESLIDSLE EESDHANLM SRELSIDLD 
        VDPLTLPEM HEHMIRSPP PTTWPRSPN 
        FKMFQFPNG EEETLQVEL NTKEKTKTD 
        LKPKHSSWD GTETSPLKS LSKSHHHHQ 
        DVFSLLTPN SLRASGEDS IHLMAED
      CDS sequence
      • >TC000773 RA
        atgaatcac cgtaaaaat ataccagat acagcagca 
        cgagggaac actgtaggt cgtgcacat tccaccctt 
        agtgtctcc gcagtagac tattattta aacttacca 
        gtgtctagt ccaccttca cctgcagtt tcaacagtt 
        actttaacc ccaggaagg atacgaaat attgatcaa 
        gatatggaa gccttgagg gcttcaagg caagataat 
        ccatttata caacaagtc atagctagt agggagagt 
        cttatagac agtttagag gaagaatcg gatcatgcg 
        aatttaatg tcaagggaa ttgtccatt gacttggat 
        gtggaccct ctaactctt cccgaaatg cacgaacac 
        atgatcagg agccccccg cctacgaca tggccaagg 
        tcaccaaat ttcaaaatg ttccagttt ccaaatggt 
        gaagaagag acgcttcaa gtggaactt aacaccaaa 
        gaaaagacc aaaactgac ttgaaacca aagcattcg 
        agttgggat gggactgaa acgtcaccg ttgaaatca 
        ctgtccaag tcacaccac caccatcaa gacgtgttt 
        tctcttctg acaccaaat tcactgcga gcttcaggt 
        gaggacagc attcatcta atggctgaa gactaa
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC000773 RA
        tacattaac cattttgaa gctgtcaat gtcattact 
        gtcaaaaaa ttaaacaaa caaaagtca cagctccca 
        acatcaata aaaatactc aattttatt aaaatttta 
        ataagttct catttatct gacgttgta atgcaattg 
        acgcataat tcgctgaac tattaccac aattagaac 
        aatgaatca ccgtaaaaa tataccaga tacagcagc 
        acgagggaa cactgtagg tcgtgcaca ttccaccct 
        tagtgtctc cgcagtaga ctattattt aaacttacc 
        agtgtctag tccaccttc acctgcagt ttcaacagt 
        tactttaac cccaggaag gatacgaaa tattgatca 
        agatatgga agccttgag ggcttcaag gcaagataa 
        tccatttat acaacaagt catagctag tagggagag 
        tcttataga cagtttaga ggaagaatc ggatcatgc 
        gaatttaat gtcaaggga attgtccat tgacttgga 
        tgtggaccc tctaactct tcccgaaat gcacgaaca 
        catgatcag gagcccccc gcctacgac atggccaag 
        gtcaccaaa tttcaaaat gttccagtt tccaaatgg 
        tgaagaaga gacgcttca agtggaact taacaccaa 
        agaaaagac caaaactga cttgaaacc aaagcattc 
        gagttggga tgggactga aacgtcacc gttgaaatc 
        actgtccaa gtcacacca ccaccatca agacgtgtt 
        ttctcttct gacaccaaa ttcactgcg agcttcagg 
        tgaggacag cattcatct aatggctga agactaaac 
        attccatat ttttgcatt cctaaaaag gtatgtgat 
        actgttttc tagtcaaag cgttgcaaa tattgtact 
        taatcgttt catttcaac ggaatatat atttttgaa 
        accaaagat tagagtgtt ccaaaattt gccataact 
        gttacactg cttcaatat ctaggcgaa attcttgaa 
        tcttttatc ttgaagtag taagggtaa tttatagca 
        caataagtt ccaatgaag atataattt ttataagaa 
        tatatttac gaaatgttc tagtttttg aagcaaata 
        aaatccata tattttgag tcactaatt gggaattga 
        taatagtga tgaaaagtt tcctttaaa ttgctgatt 
        ttttggtgc tggccacca cacaatggt actttgtga 
        tattatttg tttttgatc tcgctattg ttttgtcgt 
        aagtggtct tattctaaa cttgtgtaa atccatgta 
        caaactgaa ttggcactt ttgtagttt atgtgttct 
        gtgttgacg attgaaatt tttatatgc ctttttagc 
        cagatgttc tagtccgtt ttaatgtta taattaact 
        gatttaatg gcaaaatat tctactgct ttagagtat 
        atgtattta tatgtgcag cttgtttag ctaagtata 
        tttaaaaaa gacatgttg agcgtgaat gttgtcgtg 
        tacaatagc gagagaata ttttattgt taaattcgt 
        agctgtaaa gacttgtaa ttaaaggga tttgataac 
        agttatata acgtgtaca agttaagca ttttgtaga 
        ttaatgtcg tgttacatg ttgaagaaa catttttga 
        aataaaagc atctattac ga
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY