Status
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Gene information
General information
TC015952 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 4008334..4010721
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC015952
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_02535

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, but muscle fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    cuticle remnants without visible segmentation but polarity - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    larva segment partially present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    maxilla present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    labrum present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    antenna sometimes present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    thorax segment partially not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen segment partially present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC015952 RA
      MNITCIICS DLILPTSDI YTTPCGHIF HYACLIQWL 
      ERAQSCPQC RRKTTEKSV HRVYLNVNN AEDDTDPAT 
      LQYKIDGLQ FQLTLKDKD VQNYSAKYQ KAKGQLLAL 
      RTEVQELES KARTHDSIV NALKDQITY FKEKAKEKE 
      KLSEAYMKL KNTVKKYES VERAISGTR EAVTEMIKN 
      ESDIESLAL LAATLKKTL IDVEERKLN AEHRIKQMQ 
      TELTKYKRD NASLRSQVQ ELRNNEERR ALEDKEENA 
      TKKVNSPDK SLIFQSVDD TSIDSPSVV IKHVEDILK 
      STSPYLSLK SSGFNLDMV SSSKLRSNV NQKSIFKKP 
      LAAMPQRPK ADDLVYNGL GGHSREEVF PRPSMVSLK 
      RRRCEPSST LVKSRRLAP NKK
    CDS sequence
    • >TC015952 RA
      atgaatatc acgtgtata atctgtagc gatttaatt 
      ttaccaacg tccgatatt tacaccaca ccgtgcggt 
      cacattttc cactatgct tgtctgatt cagtggctc 
      gaaagggcc caaagttgc ccccaatgc aggcgcaaa 
      accacggaa aagtccgtg catagggtg tacctgaac 
      gtaaataat gccgaggac gacactgat ccagcgaca 
      ttgcagtac aaaatcgac ggtttgcag tttcagtta 
      acactcaaa gacaaagac gtgcaaaat tattcggcg 
      aaataccaa aaggccaag ggccagcta ctagcttta 
      agaacggag gtacaagaa ctagaaagt aaggccaga 
      acgcatgat tctatcgta aatgccttg aaggaccaa 
      ataacgtat tttaaagag aaggcgaaa gagaaggag 
      aagctgtca gaggcgtac atgaagctt aagaacacg 
      gtcaagaaa tacgaaagt gttgagagg gccattagc 
      ggcaccaga gaggcggtg actgaaatg atcaagaac 
      gaaagtgat atcgaatcc ctggcactt ttggcagca 
      acgttaaaa aaaacttta attgacgtt gaggaacgg 
      aaattaaat gcggaacat aggattaag caaatgcaa 
      actgaacta actaaatat aaaagggat aatgcttca 
      ctccgctca caagttcaa gaattaaga aacaacgaa 
      gaacgacgt gccttggaa gacaaggaa gaaaatgca 
      accaaaaaa gtcaattct cccgataaa agtctcatt 
      tttcaatca gttgacgat acttcaatt gactcgcca 
      tcagttgtg ataaaacac gttgaagat attttaaaa 
      tccacctcc ccgtacctg tctctgaaa tcaagtggc 
      ttcaatttg gacatggtt tcaagttcc aagctgcgc 
      tcaaacgtg aaccaaaag tccattttc aaaaaacct 
      ttggcggcc atgccacaa aggcccaaa gccgacgac 
      ctcgtctac aacggcttg ggcggccac agcagggaa 
      gaggtcttt cctagacca tcaatggtc agcctgaaa 
      cgacgcagg tgtgaaccc agcagcacc ttagtcaaa 
      tcacgaaga ctggcaccg aataaaaaa tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC015952 RA
      ttgagtgtt ttggacaaa aaagtttta cccaacgtt 
      taggccttt ttgaccatg aatatcacg tgtataatc 
      tgtagcgat ttaatttta ccaacgtcc gatatttac 
      accacaccg tgcggtcac attttccac tatgcttgt 
      ctgattcag tggctcgaa agggcccaa agttgcccc 
      caatgcagg cgcaaaacc acggaaaag tccgtgcat 
      agggtgtac ctgaacgta aataatgcc gaggacgac 
      actgatcca gcgacattg cagtacaaa atcgacggt 
      ttgcagttt cagttaaca ctcaaagac aaagacgtg 
      caaaattat tcggcgaaa taccaaaag gccaagggc 
      cagctacta gctttaaga acggaggta caagaacta 
      gaaagtaag gccagaacg catgattct atcgtaaat 
      gccttgaag gaccaaata acgtatttt aaagagaag 
      gcgaaagag aaggagaag ctgtcagag gcgtacatg 
      aagcttaag aacacggtc aagaaatac gaaagtgtt 
      gagagggcc attagcggc accagagag gcggtgact 
      gaaatgatc aagaacgaa agtgatatc gaatccctg 
      gcacttttg gcagcaacg ttaaaaaaa actttaatt 
      gacgttgag gaacggaaa ttaaatgcg gaacatagg 
      attaagcaa atgcaaact gaactaact aaatataaa 
      agggataat gcttcactc cgctcacaa gttcaagaa 
      ttaagaaac aacgaagaa cgacgtgcc ttggaagac 
      aaggaagaa aatgcaacc aaaaaagtc aattctccc 
      gataaaagt ctcattttt caatcagtt gacgatact 
      tcaattgac tcgccatca gttgtgata aaacacgtt 
      gaagatatt ttaaaatcc acctccccg tacctgtct 
      ctgaaatca agtggcttc aatttggac atggtttca 
      agttccaag ctgcgctca aacgtgaac caaaagtcc 
      attttcaaa aaacctttg gcggccatg ccacaaagg 
      cccaaagcc gacgacctc gtctacaac ggcttgggc 
      ggccacagc agggaagag gtctttcct agaccatca 
      atggtcagc ctgaaacga cgcaggtgt gaacccagc 
      agcacctta gtcaaatca cgaagactg gcaccgaat 
      aaaaaatga ttgtttttt ttgtatact ttattt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY