Status
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Gene information
General information
TC015070 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007421.3: 3769577..3773584
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC015070
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
    We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_02392

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (41 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC015070 RA
      MNRPDFRNP FPRPWMRDT AAAAPASGN IGLKGIVAG 
      GLTGGIEIC ITFPTEYVK TQLQLDEKG GRKQYDGIV 
      DCVKKTVKN HGFFGLYRG LSVLIYGSI PKSAVRFGT 
      FENLKKLAV DEKGALSPS GRLLCGLGA GVCEAILAV 
      TPMETIKVK FINDQRSAK PRFRGFFHG VSMIIREQG 
      IGGIYKGLV PTIMKQGSN QAIRFFVME TCKDLYKGG 
      DPDKKVPKA AVGAFGALA GACSVFGNT PIDVVKTRM 
      QGLEAHLYK NTVDCFLKI WKNEGPFAF YKGTVPRLS 
      RVCLDVAIT FMIYDSIMD IFHKVWP
    CDS sequence
    • >TC015070 RA
      atgaatcga ccggatttt cgcaacccc tttcccagg 
      ccgtggatg agggacacg gcggcggca gcccccgcc 
      tcggggaac atcggcctg aagggcatc gttgcaggg 
      gggctcact ggaggtatc gagatttgt atcacgttc 
      ccgacagag tacgtcaag acacagctg caattggat 
      gagaaaggg gggcgaaaa cagtacgat gggattgtg 
      gactgtgtt aagaagacg gtgaaaaat cacggattt 
      ttcggactt tatcgcggc ttgagtgtg ctcatttat 
      ggatccata cccaaaagt gcagtcaga tttggaacg 
      ttcgaaaat ttgaaaaaa ctcgccgtg gacgaaaaa 
      ggcgccctc tcgccctcc ggtcgtctc ctgtgcggt 
      ctcggcgcc ggcgtctgc gaggcaatt ctggccgtg 
      acgccgatg gaaaccatc aaagtgaag ttcatcaac 
      gaccaacgc agcgccaag ccccgcttc cgcggcttc 
      ttccacggc gtctcgatg atcatccgc gagcagggc 
      atcggcggc atctacaag ggcctggtg cccaccatc 
      atgaaacag ggctcgaat caagccatc cggttcttc 
      gtcatggaa acgtgcaag gacctgtac aagggcggc 
      gaccccgac aaaaaagtc cccaaggcg gccgtgggc 
      gccttcggg gccctggcg ggcgcgtgt tccgtgttc 
      gggaacacg ccgatcgac gtcgtcaag acgcgaatg 
      cagggcttg gaggcgcat ttgtacaaa aatacagtc 
      gattgtttt ttgaagatt tggaagaat gaagggccg 
      tttgccttc tataaaggg acggtgccg aggctgagc 
      cgagtttgc ttggatgtt gcgatcacg tttatgatt 
      tatgatagt attatggat attttccat aaagtgtgg 
      ccttga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC015070 RA
      attacaaaa ccttgccca aacgtcaac aaacctctg 
      tcaagtgca gttttgaca actgaccag tcatgttta 
      caaaaatgt ttgtttttc tgtgatttc acattccta 
      caacaattc ccaaggtcg cgccgtctt ctctgtcac 
      tttatttac gcgaaagaa tctcaacaa gatgaatcg 
      accggattt tcgcaaccc ctttcccag gccgtggat 
      gagggacac ggcggcggc agcccccgc ctcggggaa 
      catcggcct gaagggcat cgttgcagg ggggctcac 
      tggaggtat cgagatttg tatcacgtt cccgacaga 
      gtacgtcaa gacacagct gcaattgga tgagaaagg 
      ggggcgaaa acagtacga tgggattgt ggactgtgt 
      taagaagac ggtgaaaaa tcacggatt tttcggact 
      ttatcgcgg cttgagtgt gctcattta tggatccat 
      acccaaaag tgcagtcag atttggaac gttcgaaaa 
      tttgaaaaa actcgccgt ggacgaaaa aggcgccct 
      ctcgccctc cggtcgtct cctgtgcgg tctcggcgc 
      cggcgtctg cgaggcaat tctggccgt gacgccgat 
      ggaaaccat caaagtgaa gttcatcaa cgaccaacg 
      cagcgccaa gccccgctt ccgcggctt cttccacgg 
      cgtctcgat gatcatccg cgagcaggg catcggcgg 
      catctacaa gggcctggt gcccaccat catgaaaca 
      gggctcgaa tcaagccat ccggttctt cgtcatgga 
      aacgtgcaa ggacctgta caagggcgg cgaccccga 
      caaaaaagt ccccaaggc ggccgtggg cgccttcgg 
      ggccctggc gggcgcgtg ttccgtgtt cgggaacac 
      gccgatcga cgtcgtcaa gacgcgaat gcagggctt 
      ggaggcgca tttgtacaa aaatacagt cgattgttt 
      tttgaagat ttggaagaa tgaagggcc gtttgcctt 
      ctataaagg gacggtgcc gaggctgag ccgagtttg 
      cttggatgt tgcgatcac gtttatgat ttatgatag 
      tattatgga tattttcca taaagtgtg gccttgatt 
      tttaggacg agatggatt tgagatgta ttttaatga 
      tggttttat aaggggggc gggagaggg gacgtaaat 
      tattttttt tgtctaatt tatttgaag tacattcct 
      gatgcttgt tcaatgttt gtggttgtc attgttaag 
      ttttgccat aaaatgcta tttgtatga aatttttat 
      tataagcga tatgtttta aaac
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY