Status
Please wait ...
Gene information
General information
TC015057 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007421.3: 4105271..4107102
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC015057
    iBeetle screen iB_02387

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC015057 RA
      MYSPEFREL GFVKKMLLM GLWGRFTLY 
      KYISCWLLT EGACILFGL AYNGKGANG 
      ESLWNGVEN VKLGTFENT TEFTHYIQS 
      FNINTNHWS AQYIYKRLK FLGNRHVSQ 
      LATLLFLAV WHGFHSGYY VCFFFEFMV 
      VYMEREVKS IVNNNAQLS EFFSRPGVG 
      LVVKIFLRI YTFVFMGWC LMPFALLKF 
      EKYWAAFSG VSHVGSIFF LLWPVVYGP 
      ILKAVFKRD KKKERNE
    CDS sequence
    • >TC015057 RA
      atgtactcc cccgagttc cgggagttg ggtttcgtg 
      aaaaaaatg ctacttatg gggctatgg gggcggttt 
      acgctctat aagtacatt tcgtgttgg ttgttgact 
      gaaggggcg tgtattttg ttcgggttg gcctacaac 
      ggcaaaggg gccaatggg gagtcgctg tggaacggg 
      gtggagaat gtcaagttg gggacgttt gagaatacg 
      actgagttt acgcattac attcagtcg tttaatatt 
      aacacgaat cactggtcc gcccagtat atttacaag 
      aggttgaag tttttgggg aatcggcat gttagtcag 
      ttggcgacg ctgctgttt ttggcggtg tggcacggg 
      tttcactcc ggttactac gtttgtttt ttctttgag 
      tttatggtc gtttacatg gaacgagaa gtcaaatca 
      atcgttaat aataatgcg caattgagt gagtttttc 
      tcgaggcct ggggtgggg cttgttgtt aaaattttc 
      ttgaggatt tacactttt gtgtttatg ggttggtgt 
      cttatgccg tttgcgctc ttgaagttt gagaagtat 
      tgggcggcg tttagtggt gtgagtcat gttggctca 
      attttcttt ctattgtgg cctgttgtg tacggaccg 
      attcttaaa gccgtgttt aagagggac aagaagaag 
      gagcgaaat gaatga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC015057 RA
      ccatttacg ttggcagcg ctgcacacg tcaaacaat 
      aatgtcaaa ttcgtgact tttgtccca gttttgaaa 
      aatgtctca cgacgcctc tttcagtat tgtgtcaaa 
      attgagcgg tcttttggg cacaagtga acccgccct 
      ccgcctcct cctcacaat cttggccgg atttcgtgg 
      cggggaaat tcgagcgcg atgcacgaa gccgcagtt 
      aggagattc gcccttggg gtgtttatt tggttgtgt 
      tccaacttt tggggctgc ttgtctccg acgattaca 
      tgtactccc ccgagttcc gggagttgg gtttcgtga 
      aaaaaatgc tacttatgg ggctatggg ggcggttta 
      cgctctata agtacattt cgtgttggt tgttgactg 
      aaggggcgt gtattttgt tcgggttgg cctacaacg 
      gcaaagggg ccaatgggg agtcgctgt ggaacgggg 
      tggagaatg tcaagttgg ggacgtttg agaatacga 
      ctgagttta cgcattaca ttcagtcgt ttaatatta 
      acacgaatc actggtccg cccagtata tttacaaga 
      ggttgaagt ttttgggga atcggcatg ttagtcagt 
      tggcgacgc tgctgtttt tggcggtgt ggcacgggt 
      ttcactccg gttactacg tttgttttt tctttgagt 
      ttatggtcg tttacatgg aacgagaag tcaaatcaa 
      tcgttaata ataatgcgc aattgagtg agtttttct 
      cgaggcctg gggtggggc ttgttgtta aaattttct 
      tgaggattt acacttttg tgtttatgg gttggtgtc 
      ttatgccgt ttgcgctct tgaagtttg agaagtatt 
      gggcggcgt ttagtggtg tgagtcatg ttggctcaa 
      ttttctttc tattgtggc ctgttgtgt acggaccga 
      ttcttaaag ccgtgttta agagggaca agaagaagg 
      agcgaaatg aatgaagga tagtgtggg tgaaaaatt 
      actgtagtc gcacgtact tatatgcaa tttttttaa 
      attgtggtg tcacagcac aattaacgt ggtttttat 
      ttcgacata tttattgta cgttattgt taccaataa 
      atactctac gaaaaa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY