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Gene information
General information
TC014984 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007421.3: 5441718..5443221
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC014984
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_02370

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, but muscle fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%

    larval musculature dorsal potentiallypattern irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    cuticle remnants with some identifiable segments - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larva cuticle bent - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larva everted (inside-out) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    abdomen partially everted (inside-out) - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 30.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 37.5% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality early (L5/6) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Pupal morphology
    wings slightlyshortened - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 5

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC014984 RA
      MSSDSVKNF SSLETPGYV GFANLPNQV HRKSVKKGF 
      EFTLMVVGE SGLGKSTLV NALFLTDLY PERQVPDAI 
      EKMKQTVKL EPSTVEIEE RGVKLRLTV VDTPGYGDA 
      IDNTDCFSE IIRYIDDQF ERFLRDESG LNRKNIMDN 
      RIHCCFYFI SPFGHGLKP LDVEFMKQL HNKVNIVPV 
      IAKADVLTK KEMQRLKKK VMDEIQEHG IRIYSLPEC 
      DSDEDEEYK EQVRQLKQA VPFAVCGAN TLLEVRGRK 
      VRGRLYPWG VVEVENPDH CDFIKLRTM LITHMQDLQ 
      EITQQVHYE NYRSEHLAR GGVPKRNTI GDDKGAATS 
      DKDRILLEK EAELKRMQE MIAAMQAKM HQQQ
    CDS sequence
    • >TC014984 RA
      atgtcaagc gattcagtc aaaaatttt tcaagcctc 
      gaaaccccg ggttatgtc ggattcgct aatctaccc 
      aaccaagtc caccgtaaa tcggtgaaa aagggcttc 
      gaattcacc cttatggtg gtgggcgaa agtggttta 
      gggaaatcc actctagtc aatgcactc ttcctaact 
      gatttgtac cccgaaaga caagttcct gacgccata 
      gaaaaaatg aaacaaacg gttaagctg gagccctcg 
      actgttgaa atcgaggaa cggggggtg aaattacga 
      cttactgtc gttgacact ccgggatat ggtgacgcg 
      atcgataac actgattgt ttttcggaa ataatccgg 
      tatattgac gaccagttt gagaggttt ctccgggac 
      gagtccgga cttaaccgg aagaatatc atggataac 
      cggattcat tgctgtttt tacttcata tcgccgttt 
      gggcacggc cttaagcca cttgatgtc gaatttatg 
      aagcaactt cacaacaaa gtcaatatt gtcccagtt 
      attgcaaag gctgatgtt ctaacaaag aaagaaatg 
      caaagactg aagaaaaaa gttatggat gagattcag 
      gagcacggc attcgcatt tactcgctt cctgagtgc 
      gattcggac gaagatgag gaatacaag gagcaagtg 
      agacaattg aagcaagct gttccgttt gccgtttgt 
      ggggctaac accctgctc gaggtgcgg gggcgcaag 
      gtcaggggg cggctctac ccctggggg gtggtggag 
      gtggaaaat cccgatcat tgtgatttt attaagttg 
      cggacaatg ttgatcact catatgcag gacttgcag 
      gagatcacg caacaagtg cattatgag aattacagg 
      tcggagcat ctggcgaga ggaggggtt ccgaagcgc 
      aatacgatt ggtgatgat aagggtgct gccactagt 
      gataaggat aggatattg ttggagaag gaagctgag 
      ttgaagagg atgcaagaa atgatcgct gcgatgcaa 
      gctaaaatg caccagcaa caataa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC014984 RA
      ccgaccaat cagcgtcgt tggttcaat caacaccgt 
      gtcgatgtt tatgttaac aataacgac ttttaaaac 
      cgttaaaat tacttaaaa ctcacagtt tttacgttt 
      ttttgtact taaccaact aacctcgcc cgttcgact 
      ctccacctt gaaaaatgt caagcgatt cagtcaaaa 
      atttttcaa gcctcgaaa ccccgggtt atgtcggat 
      tcgctaatc tacccaacc aagtccacc gtaaatcgg 
      tgaaaaagg gcttcgaat tcaccctta tggtggtgg 
      gcgaaagtg gtttaggga aatccactc tagtcaatg 
      cactcttcc taactgatt tgtaccccg aaagacaag 
      ttcctgacg ccatagaaa aaatgaaac aaacggtta 
      agctggagc cctcgactg ttgaaatcg aggaacggg 
      gggtgaaat tacgactta ctgtcgttg acactccgg 
      gatatggtg acgcgatcg ataacactg attgttttt 
      cggaaataa tccggtata ttgacgacc agtttgaga 
      ggtttctcc gggacgagt ccggactta accggaaga 
      atatcatgg ataaccgga ttcattgct gtttttact 
      tcatatcgc cgtttgggc acggcctta agccacttg 
      atgtcgaat ttatgaagc aacttcaca acaaagtca 
      atattgtcc cagttattg caaaggctg atgttctaa 
      caaagaaag aaatgcaaa gactgaaga aaaaagtta 
      tggatgaga ttcaggagc acggcattc gcatttact 
      cgcttcctg agtgcgatt cggacgaag atgaggaat 
      acaaggagc aagtgagac aattgaagc aagctgttc 
      cgtttgccg tttgtgggg ctaacaccc tgctcgagg 
      tgcgggggc gcaaggtca gggggcggc tctacccct 
      ggggggtgg tggaggtgg aaaatcccg atcattgtg 
      attttatta agttgcgga caatgttga tcactcata 
      tgcaggact tgcaggaga tcacgcaac aagtgcatt 
      atgagaatt acaggtcgg agcatctgg cgagaggag 
      gggttccga agcgcaata cgattggtg atgataagg 
      gtgctgcca ctagtgata aggatagga tattgttgg 
      agaaggaag ctgagttga agaggatgc aagaaatga 
      tcgctgcga tgcaagcta aaatgcacc agcaacaat 
      aatttttga atatatcga atattttgc gattagagt 
      tttattttt aactttttg tattggtgt attatataa 
      tttcgcatg ccataaata tatttttta ggtcacg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY