Status
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Gene information
General information
TC012540 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 11121634..11124039
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC012540
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_01988

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC012540 RA
      MSGTVDTLV EMGFSKARA ELAVSKTGT EDIQVAMDW 
      LLSHEEELE DMPEPPQAA DASAPEAQP SPEGQVVRS 
      FKCDDCGKL FKSQDEVEF HATKSGHEH FSESTEEKK 
      PLTEEEKKE QLAKIEAKL KQRRMEREA REKQEALEK 
      ERSRIKSGK ELLEAKKKH DEIEMKKLV EQRKREKEE 
      ERLARQRVK EQIEQDKLA RKAKFSGQP LEEAPQAAT 
      PAPQPAAPK PAAGYSEVM LQIRLTNGS SLVQKFGAK 
      EPLSAVRLY VEMNRKDGE GPFSLMTNY PKKVFGPED 
      YDVPLESLG LGPRATLIV SKS
    CDS sequence
    • >TC012540 RA
      atgtcgggt actgtggac accttggtc gagatgggc 
      ttcagcaaa gcacgagct gagttagca gtttccaaa 
      accgggacc gaagacatc caggttgcc atggactgg 
      ctgctgtcc cacgaggaa gagctggag gacatgccg 
      gagcccccg caagccgcc gacgcctcc gcccccgaa 
      gcgcagccc agtcccgag ggccaagtc gtcaggtcc 
      ttcaaatgt gacgactgc ggcaagctg ttcaagtcg 
      caggacgag gtggagttt cacgccaca aagtcgggc 
      cacgagcac ttctcggag tcgacggag gagaagaaa 
      ccgctcact gaggaagaa aagaaggaa caactggcg 
      aaaatcgaa gccaagctc aaacagagg cgcatggag 
      cgcgaagcg cgcgagaaa caggaggcc ctggagaag 
      gaacgcagt cggatcaag tcgggaaag gagctgctg 
      gaggccaag aaaaaacac gacgagatc gagatgaag 
      aagcttgtg gagcagcga aagcgggag aaggaggag 
      gaaaggctg gccagacag cgtgtgaaa gaacaaatc 
      gaacaggac aagttggct cggaaagcg aaattttcg 
      gggcaaccg ctggaggaa gccccacaa gctgctacg 
      ccggcgccc caaccggcg gcccccaag ccggcggcc 
      ggttactcg gaggttatg ctgcagatc aggctcacg 
      aatgggtcg tcgcttgtg cagaagttc ggggccaag 
      gagcccctg agcgctgtg aggctgtat gtggaaatg 
      aaccgaaag gacggggaa gggcccttt agccttatg 
      acgaattat ccaaagaag gttttcggg cctgaagat 
      tacgatgtt cctttagaa agtctaggt ttgggtcca 
      agggccaca ctcatcgtt tcaaaatcg taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC012540 RA
      tttctgttg atgccaagt tctagacgt aaattttcc 
      tagatccga acgcgtccc caaaattaa ccacatttt 
      aggaaaata tcgcgtaaa ctcattgtt tttgatcaa 
      aaacgttga ggacacgtt gcgaaaccg tccgaaata 
      caagtttag tgttgtttg tgcgtttat cagctgatt 
      gcatttttg ccggtgttg tcacatcag tatcgttga 
      aatacgcat tgcatggtg tcgttttac gcgaaaaag 
      tcggttttt cgaccagtt gtttagtca aattcgtag 
      tgcaaagcc ccttattaa aaaatgtcg ggtactgtg 
      gacaccttg gtcgagatg ggcttcagc aaagcacga 
      gctgagtta gcagtttcc aaaaccggg accgaagac 
      atccaggtt gccatggac tggctgctg tcccacgag 
      gaagagctg gaggacatg ccggagccc ccgcaagcc 
      gccgacgcc tccgccccc gaagcgcag cccagtccc 
      gagggccaa gtcgtcagg tccttcaaa tgtgacgac 
      tgcggcaag ctgttcaag tcgcaggac gaggtggag 
      tttcacgcc acaaagtcg ggccacgag cacttctcg 
      gagtcgacg gaggagaag aaaccgctc actgaggaa 
      gaaaagaag gaacaactg gcgaaaatc gaagccaag 
      ctcaaacag aggcgcatg gagcgcgaa gcgcgcgag 
      aaacaggag gccctggag aaggaacgc agtcggatc 
      aagtcggga aaggagctg ctggaggcc aagaaaaaa 
      cacgacgag atcgagatg aagaagctt gtggagcag 
      cgaaagcgg gagaaggag gaggaaagg ctggccaga 
      cagcgtgtg aaagaacaa atcgaacag gacaagttg 
      gctcggaaa gcgaaattt tcggggcaa ccgctggag 
      gaagcccca caagctgct acgccggcg ccccaaccg 
      gcggccccc aagccggcg gccggttac tcggaggtt 
      atgctgcag atcaggctc acgaatggg tcgtcgctt 
      gtgcagaag ttcggggcc aaggagccc ctgagcgct 
      gtgaggctg tatgtggaa atgaaccga aaggacggg 
      gaagggccc tttagcctt atgacgaat tatccaaag 
      aaggttttc gggcctgaa gattacgat gttccttta 
      gaaagtcta ggtttgggt ccaagggcc acactcatc 
      gtttcaaaa tcgtaatta ggtcaaatg ctgcacaaa 
      ccttatcta ctctaccat cgtacgata ttaaaattg 
      cttaaataa cgctggaac aatagctgg gatgttctt 
      aagtaacta ggtgtaagt atctacaaa actatacaa 
      atttatgtt ggaatattt tttaaaata tacatcatt 
      ttgtaagcc agtagctgc tgtataaaa atatgcagc 
      tcgttgtgt gtgaaatct tgagcagta aataaattt 
      ttcatattt ccttgccga gtcgctccc taagaaacg 
      gtaaataaa aca
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY