Status
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Gene information
General information
TC012271 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 3470482..3473710
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC012271
      Gene ontology

      GO terms for Tribolium

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      There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


      GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


      Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


      Gene
      {{ goGene }}
      The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
      GO ID *
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      The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
      Evidence
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      The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
      Reference *
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      The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
      Quotation
      If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
      Name
      You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
      Email
      We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
      Publish name
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      * : mandatory fields
      For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
      iBeetle screen iB_01959

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 50.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 5 (3 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
      number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 20.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
      Days post injection


      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC012271 RA
        MAHLYAAYR CNFCCELPE TAPIYHCPN RHQYCNECF 
        RKLQRLYRG NVEGGGCCL ICKCAAKFE KSDVSSELL 
        KKLKVKPGI GRPLKGNPR KSMFFDDGE ISTAENMFG 
        SQLEKNQGD GLKSLKTRS MSATTMSKR PLTCLHDGC 
        RKSVAVSSL VSHFKHDHP AVPCFGIER GRELKMLFD 
        ISLVAHNRT FCLSMVTVY EFNKIDVVR SKSSQSVIN 
        TCSKLSGRI PLNTFWLMM SGSSEYRKE NSYVVFWLY 
        SNCEDRYWY TIELSSKND RISDSSFCS AVGLHESRT 
        VEDVARSMN CLFVNYGSF IALLEEGDK INLRITVH
      CDS sequence
      • >TC012271 RA
        atggctcat ctgtacgcg gcgtatagg tgtaatttc 
        tgctgtgag cttccggag acagcaccg atctaccat 
        tgcccaaac agacatcaa tactgcaat gaatgcttc 
        agaaagttg caaaggctt tatcgtggg aacgttgaa 
        ggcggaggc tgttgtttg atttgtaaa tgtgctgcc 
        aagtttgag aaaagtgat gtgagttcg gagttgttg 
        aaaaaactt aaggttaaa cccggaatc ggacgacca 
        ctaaaaggt aacccgagg aagagtatg tttttcgat 
        gatggtgaa atttctaca gctgaaaat atgtttggc 
        tcacagctt gaaaaaaac caaggcgat ggcttaaaa 
        tctttgaaa acgcgatca atgagtgcc accacaatg 
        tcaaaacga cctctgacg tgtcttcac gatggttgt 
        agaaaatca gtggctgtt tcctccctt gtgagccat 
        ttcaagcac gaccatccc gcagtcccc tgctttgga 
        atcgaaagg gggcgagag ttaaaaatg ttatttgac 
        atttcgcta gtggcacac aatcgaact ttctgtctg 
        tcgatggtc acggtttac gaattcaac aaaatcgac 
        gtcgttcgt tcgaaaagc tcccaaagt gttatcaat 
        acctgcagt aagctttct ggtagaatc ccacttaac 
        accttctgg ctaatgatg agcggttcg agtgaatac 
        agaaaggag aattcgtat gtcgttttt tggctttat 
        tctaattgt gaagatcgg tattggtac acgattgag 
        ctgtcgtcg aaaaacgat agaattagt gattcgagc 
        ttttgcagc gctgttgga ttgcatgaa agtcgcacc 
        gtggaagac gtcgccaga agtatgaac tgcctcttt 
        gtcaattat gggtccttt atagccctt cttgaagaa 
        ggggataaa attaattta agaattaca gtacattaa
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC012271 RA
        ttgtcaaaa tttcataaa cacacgtca gaaagcaaa 
        attttttgt atcattctt ccaaatctg gcagagtaa 
        aggaatggc tcatctgta cgcggcgta taggtgtaa 
        tttctgctg tgagcttcc ggagacagc accgatcta 
        ccattgccc aaacagaca tcaatactg caatgaatg 
        cttcagaaa gttgcaaag gctttatcg tgggaacgt 
        tgaaggcgg aggctgttg tttgatttg taaatgtgc 
        tgccaagtt tgagaaaag tgatgtgag ttcggagtt 
        gttgaaaaa acttaaggt taaacccgg aatcggacg 
        accactaaa aggtaaccc gaggaagag tatgttttt 
        cgatgatgg tgaaatttc tacagctga aaatatgtt 
        tggctcaca gcttgaaaa aaaccaagg cgatggctt 
        aaaatcttt gaaaacgcg atcaatgag tgccaccac 
        aatgtcaaa acgacctct gacgtgtct tcacgatgg 
        ttgtagaaa atcagtggc tgtttcctc ccttgtgag 
        ccatttcaa gcacgacca tcccgcagt cccctgctt 
        tggaatcga aagggggcg agagttaaa aatgttatt 
        tgacatttc gctagtggc acacaatcg aactttctg 
        tctgtcgat ggtcacggt ttacgaatt caacaaaat 
        cgacgtcgt tcgttcgaa aagctccca aagtgttat 
        caatacctg cagtaagct ttctggtag aatcccact 
        taacacctt ctggctaat gatgagcgg ttcgagtga 
        atacagaaa ggagaattc gtatgtcgt tttttggct 
        ttattctaa ttgtgaaga tcggtattg gtacacgat 
        tgagctgtc gtcgaaaaa cgatagaat tagtgattc 
        gagcttttg cagcgctgt tggattgca tgaaagtcg 
        caccgtgga agacgtcgc cagaagtat gaactgcct 
        ctttgtcaa ttatgggtc ctttatagc ccttcttga 
        agaagggga taaaattaa tttaagaat tacagtaca 
        ttaagttta aattgtctg tgccttttt aactcgtgt 
        ctcgatgga agctcacac aataaaaga ttttttaag 
        ac
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY