Status
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Gene information
General information
TC012161 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 4023677..4025280
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
      TC012161
      Gene ontology

      GO terms for Tribolium

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      There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


      GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


      Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


      Gene
      {{ goGene }}
      The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
      GO ID *
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      The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
      Evidence
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      The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
      Reference *
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      The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
      Quotation
      If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
      Name
      You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
      Email
      We will use your email address only for possible questions regarding this annotation. We will never show your address or give it away.
      Publish name
      If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
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      * : mandatory fields
      For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
      iBeetle screen iB_01935

      Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

      iB sequence
      Phenotype after pupal injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Pupal injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

      3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

      9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

      11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

      Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

      13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
      The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

      14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
      Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

      15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
      Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

      22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
      Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

      Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

      larval pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      empty eggs
      Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
      strong defects
      L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
      strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
      No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
      cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
      Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
      cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
      At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
      number of eggs on slide
      affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
      For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
      total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
      Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
      inside-out
      The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      Please see the help page for more information
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 50.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

      eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
      Days post injection


      adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (9 dpi)
      Days post injection


      adult nutritional state bad (cachectic) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (11 dpi)
      Days post injection


      Phenotype after larval injection
      Usually 10 injected animals

      Larval injection procedure

      Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

      11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

      16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

      19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

      22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

      41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

      Terms used in the larval injection procedure

      pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
      At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
      pupal molt not fulfilled
      The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
      eclosion not fulfilled
      The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
      starved
      Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
      Metamorphosis and survival

      Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
      Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

      RNAi sequence
      Primers
      Left: Right:
      Protein sequence
      • >TC012161 RA
        MEIRDLKQA EELLVKSTH ENIFDYIDE EIVSWDLPN 
        HGDYPDLVS KITDLVYKL YTEIFPEQN NPSNFAAFQ 
        WIIFDKIHD LVVPCIKAN LFREDENFF ERCSFLCKI 
        NVSAREFGA DDNYSIPLC AAVVELSVI DKYKSPNEK 
        MNCLCSTYD LVFAEIKTA MVSVISERS DKEIEIPII 
        DNKDIMPVL MVVILRSKL RYMLSNLFY IKTFYLKIE 
        ENREIFDIF KSFKTAVDR LMQLDVDIM KPMKGLFQN 
        SLDLEEYMK ITSSPGEEK IEKATLIDE ANQRVLNLI 
        TRSTSEDQL F
      CDS sequence
      • >TC012161 RA
        atggaaata cgagactta aaacaagct gaagaactg 
        cttgtgaaa tcaacacac gaaaacatt tttgactac 
        attgatgaa gaaatagtc tcgtgggat ttacccaac 
        catggggat tatccagat ctggtatca aaaataact 
        gacttggtt tacaaatta tacacagaa atattcccg 
        gaacaaaac aatcccagc aactttgcg gccttccag 
        tggattatt tttgataaa atccacgat ttggtcgtg 
        ccatgcatt aaagcgaat ttgttccga gaagatgaa 
        aatttcttc gaacggtgc tcatttttg tgcaaaatt 
        aacgtctcg gcaagggaa tttggcgct gatgataat 
        tatagtatc ccgttatgt gctgccgtt gtggaattg 
        tcggttata gacaaatat aaaagtccc aacgagaaa 
        atgaactgt ttgtgcagt acgtacgat ttagtattt 
        gcggaaata aaaacagcg atggtttca gtaatttca 
        gaaaggtca gataaggaa attgaaatt cccattatt 
        gacaacaag gacataatg cctgtgctt atggtggta 
        atccttagg tcgaaatta cgctacatg ttgagcaat 
        ttattttat attaaaact ttctattta aagatagaa 
        gaaaatcga gaaattttt gatatattt aaatcgttt 
        aaaactgct gttgataga ttaatgcag ttggatgtt 
        gatattatg aagcctatg aaaggactt tttcaaaac 
        agtttagat ttggaggaa tacatgaaa attacgtcc 
        agccctgga gaagaaaaa atagaaaag gcaacttta 
        atcgatgaa gcaaatcaa cgagttttg aatttaata 
        acacggtcc acaagcgaa gatcaactt ttttaa
      mRNA sequence
      • >TC012161 RA
        accactgca ggtgtttat ttttgcatt ttttttaac 
        tttattctt tctgtccga ttgatgtta ttctcataa 
        gttttaagc taacaaaaa aatgatcac agatatgta 
        tcggaggaa aatcttcaa acaataaca agtggttat 
        ccgaaaagt tatcagata aaatgttat tacgtaagc 
        aacgaaggt cgttcatta ttgttgagt acacatacc 
        taaaacaat gtgatacaa gctaccaga aataataaa 
        tatggaaat acgagactt aaaacaagc tgaagaact 
        gcttgtgaa atcaacaca cgaaaacat ttttgacta 
        cattgatga agaaatagt ctcgtggga tttacccaa 
        ccatgggga ttatccaga tctggtatc aaaaataac 
        tgacttggt ttacaaatt atacacaga aatattccc 
        ggaacaaaa caatcccag caactttgc ggccttcca 
        gtggattat ttttgataa aatccacga tttggtcgt 
        gccatgcat taaagcgaa tttgttccg agaagatga 
        aaatttctt cgaacggtg ctcattttt gtgcaaaat 
        taacgtctc ggcaaggga atttggcgc tgatgataa 
        ttatagtat cccgttatg tgctgccgt tgtggaatt 
        gtcggttat agacaaata taaaagtcc caacgagaa 
        aatgaactg tttgtgcag tacgtacga tttagtatt 
        tgcggaaat aaaaacagc gatggtttc agtaatttc 
        agaaaggtc agataagga aattgaaat tcccattat 
        tgacaacaa ggacataat gcctgtgct tatggtggt 
        aatccttag gtcgaaatt acgctacat gttgagcaa 
        tttatttta tattaaaac tttctattt aaagataga 
        agaaaatcg agaaatttt tgatatatt taaatcgtt 
        taaaactgc tgttgatag attaatgca gttggatgt 
        tgatattat gaagcctat gaaaggact ttttcaaaa 
        cagtttaga tttggagga atacatgaa aattacgtc 
        cagccctgg agaagaaaa aatagaaaa ggcaacttt 
        aatcgatga agcaaatca acgagtttt gaatttaat 
        aacacggtc cacaagcga agatcaact tttttaatg 
        aaataaaac gaacgatat tgtttaatt gtgatgtta 
        gaaaaataa actaattgg tacata
      The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY