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Gene information
General information
TC012028 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007424.3: 7648403..7649845
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC012028
    iBeetle screen iB_01918

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 60.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 22.22% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 57.14% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt delayed (still larva) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion delayed (still pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Pupal morphology
    antenna slightly orientation irregular - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2

    wings shortened - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 5

    Adult morphology
    wings not closed - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3


    Fertility
    egg production: number no/almost no eggs -
    mature egg deposition blocked number 1st lateral oviduct: 2 number 2nd lateral oviduct: 3 - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1
    mature egg deposition blocked number 1st lateral oviduct: 2 number 2nd lateral oviduct: - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1
    ovary without detectable defects - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1
    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC012028 RA
      MAHSGVVPA GKRKEIYKY IAPWPLFSM NWSVRPDKR 
      FRLALGSFV EEYNNKVQI VSLDEDSSE FSPKSTFDH 
      PYPTTKIMW IPDSKGVYP DLLATSGDY LRVWRAGEP 
      DTRLECVLN NNKNSDFCA PLTSFDWNE VDPNLVGTS 
      SIDTTCTIW GLETGQIIG RVNLVSGHV KTQLIAHDK 
      EVYDIAFSR AGGGRDMFA SVGADGSVR MFDLRHLEH 
      STIIYEDPA HTPLLRLAW NKQDPNYLA TIAMDACEV 
      IILDVRVPC TPVARLNNH RACVNGIAW APHSSCHIC 
      TAGDDHQAL IWDIQQMPR AIEDPILAY TAAEGEVNQ 
      IQWGATQPD WIAICYNKC LEILRV
    CDS sequence
    • >TC012028 RA
      atggcccat tccggtgtc gtaccagcg ggtaaacga 
      aaagaaatt tacaaatat attgcgcca tggccgttg 
      ttcagtatg aactggtcg gtacggccc gacaaacgt 
      ttccgtcta gcgctcggt agtttcgtt gaagagtac 
      aataataaa gtccaaatc gtatcttta gacgaggac 
      agtagtgag ttctcgcct aaaagtaca tttgaccat 
      ccgtatccc acgacgaaa atcatgtgg atacccgac 
      agcaagggt gtctaccct gatttgttg gccactagt 
      ggtgattat ttgcgtgtg tggcgagcc ggcgaaccc 
      gacactcgc ctggaatgc gttttgaac aacaacaaa 
      aactcggac ttttgcgcc cccttgaca agcttcgac 
      tggaacgaa gtggacccc aaccttgtc ggaacttca 
      tccatagac accacctgc accatttgg ggcttagaa 
      accggccaa ataatcgga cgcgtcaat ctcgtctca 
      ggacacgtg aaaacgcag ttaattgca catgacaaa 
      gaggtctac gacattgca ttctcgcga gctgggggc 
      ggtagagac atgtttgcc tccgtcggc gctgatggt 
      tcagtcagg atgttcgat ttgcggcac ctggagcac 
      tccacgatt atttacgag gacccagca cacacgccg 
      ttgttgcgg ttggcttgg aacaagcag gaccccaat 
      tatttggcc accattgcc atggacgcg tgtgaggtg 
      attattttg gacgtgaga gtcccctgc actccggtc 
      gcaaggttg aataaccac agagcttgt gttaatgga 
      attgcgtgg gccccacac tcgagttgt cacatttgc 
      acagctgga gatgaccat caggcgctc atttgggac 
      atacagcaa atgccaagg gctattgag gaccccatt 
      ttggcgtac actgctgca gagggcgaa gtcaatcaa 
      atacagtgg ggggcgacg cagccggat tggatagcc 
      atctgttac aataagtgt ttagaaata ctaagagtt 
      taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC012028 RA
      tgtcaaacg tcgtgcaaa aatgaacat aaacacaaa 
      aatgtgtta gaaaaagca gtttttgct gtaaaaacg 
      tggtctcgt agcgcgatt aacgtgaaa aagtccgtt 
      tagcaatta ccttatacc gtagcgtga gaaatggcc 
      cattccggt gtcgtacca gcgggtaaa cgaaaagaa 
      atttacaaa tatattgcg ccatggccg ttgttcagt 
      atgaactgg tcggtacgg cccgacaaa cgtttccgt 
      ctagcgctc ggtagtttc gttgaagag tacaataat 
      aaagtccaa atcgtatct ttagacgag gacagtagt 
      gagttctcg cctaaaagt acatttgac catccgtat 
      cccacgacg aaaatcatg tggataccc gacagcaag 
      ggtgtctac cctgatttg ttggccact agtggtgat 
      tatttgcgt gtgtggcga gccggcgaa cccgacact 
      cgcctggaa tgcgttttg aacaacaac aaaaactcg 
      gacttttgc gcccccttg acaagcttc gactggaac 
      gaagtggac cccaacctt gtcggaact tcatccata 
      gacaccacc tgcaccatt tggggctta gaaaccggc 
      caaataatc ggacgcgtc aatctcgtc tcaggacac 
      gtgaaaacg cagttaatt gcacatgac aaagaggtc 
      tacgacatt gcattctcg cgagctggg ggcggtaga 
      gacatgttt gcctccgtc ggcgctgat ggttcagtc 
      aggatgttc gatttgcgg cacctggag cactccacg 
      attatttac gaggaccca gcacacacg ccgttgttg 
      cggttggct tggaacaag caggacccc aattatttg 
      gccaccatt gccatggac gcgtgtgag gtgattatt 
      ttggacgtg agagtcccc tgcactccg gtcgcaagg 
      ttgaataac cacagagct tgtgttaat ggaattgcg 
      tgggcccca cactcgagt tgtcacatt tgcacagct 
      ggagatgac catcaggcg ctcatttgg gacatacag 
      caaatgcca agggctatt gaggacccc attttggcg 
      tacactgct gcagagggc gaagtcaat caaatacag 
      tggggggcg acgcagccg gattggata gccatctgt 
      tacaataag tgtttagaa atactaaga gtttaattt 
      acaaataca gactttccc tattgataa gtaccaagt 
      agtgtgtaa aatcatggt ttacattat tccattgta 
      atatttatt tcatggtcc tcatctctt ataatcaca 
      ttttgtaaa gttaatttt acaataaaa acttacagt 
      acgc
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY