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Gene information
General information
TC010863 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007416.3: 5238171..5247900
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC010863
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
    {{ goGene }}
    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
    If you have entered your name and agree by marking the checkbox. we might show your name on this page to honor your contribution.

    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_01751

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    pupa eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    remarks: later than schedule,
    Pupal morphology
    remarks: later than schedule,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 20
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 0.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 20.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    pupal molt delayed (still prepupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion delayed (still pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC010863 RA
      MPRKLLKFL ILFDNTSLL YFPGQFLSG RVLIELQDD 
      TPALGLHFH VVGEGVVRV RSSRQERVY DRENYIDFR 
      MRLLGEPGQ GPSVLSPGI HSFPFKLGL PLGLPSTFL 
      GKHGWVQYF CKAALREPN GLTHKNQQV FIVMNPIDL 
      NLEPSTLGE TFRCEVEHK FGVSCVGSG SVVCKVTLD 
      RGGYVPGES IGVTASVYN RSRVTIKST RAALTESIA 
      YMARGKVVQ SEKRELASL ARGKIRPGE KDEWINEQL 
      YIPPLPPTN LRGCHLIKV NYDVYFIIE PKNLQKEVK 
      LQLPIVMAT YPLRSEDDN SAYKSGTHY PSTLPIFRP 
      WLEDKPTVD
    CDS sequence
    • >TC010863 RA
      atgccacgc aagttactc aaattttta attctcttt 
      gacaataca tccttgttg tacttcccc ggacagttc 
      ttatcaggc cgagttctc atcgaactt caggatgac 
      acgcctgca ctcggtcta cattttcac gtggtgggg 
      gaaggagtt gtgcgagtt cgaagctct cgccaagag 
      agggtgtac gacagggaa aattacata gattttaga 
      atgcgactg ttgggcgaa cctggtcaa ggtccttca 
      gtactatcc cccggaatt cacagtttt cctttcaaa 
      ttgggcctc ccattgggt ctaccctca acgttcttg 
      ggaaagcac ggatgggtg caatacttc tgcaaggcg 
      gctttaagg gaaccgaac gggttaacc cacaaaaac 
      caacaagta ttcattgtg atgaacccc atcgaccta 
      aatctagaa ccctcaaca ctgggagaa acatttagg 
      tgcgaagtt gaacataag ttcggagtt agttgtgtt 
      ggctcagga tcggtcgtc tgtaaagta actcttgat 
      agaggcgga tatgttcct ggagagagt ataggtgtt 
      accgccagt gtctataat aggagtaga gtcacaatt 
      aagagcacc agagcagct ttaacagaa agtatcgct 
      tatatggca aggggcaaa gtagttcag tctgagaag 
      agagaattg gcctctttg gcaaggggg aaaatccga 
      ccaggagaa aaagacgag tggattaac gaacaactt 
      tacatacca ccattacca ccgacaaac ctccgcggt 
      tgccattta attaaagtc aattacgat gtttacttc 
      ataatagaa ccgaagaat cttcaaaag gaggttaag 
      ctgcaatta ccgattgtg atggctact tatccactg 
      cgatccgaa gacgacaac agtgcttac aagtcggga 
      acacattat ccctccacc ttacctata ttcaggcct 
      tggcttgag gataagcca acagtcgat tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC010863 RA
      acttgagga cgaaggagc gaggtcagg tcggacttt 
      agtgttgat tccatgggc ttattctta aaaatatgc 
      gattgtttt ggtttttgg gaaactttc aaatatttt 
      gtttgatat ggtgtttca gaaggcaag gcggagggg 
      acaggtgag cctccgcac acctaatgg taagaggga 
      aagtagtcg cttcgcaaa gtcggatat ggttgtagc 
      gtgccttgg caacaaaag tccgagtgt tttataatg 
      tgtaaataa aatgccacg caagttact caaattttt 
      aattctctt tgacaatac atccttgtt gtacttccc 
      cggacagtt cttatcagg ccgagttct catcgaact 
      tcaggatga cacgcctgc actcggtct acattttca 
      cgtggtggg ggaaggagt tgtgcgagt tcgaagctc 
      tcgccaaga gagggtgta cgacaggga aaattacat 
      agattttag aatgcgact gttgggcga acctggtca 
      aggtccttc agtactatc ccccggaat tcacagttt 
      tcctttcaa attgggcct cccattggg tctaccctc 
      aacgttctt gggaaagca cggatgggt gcaatactt 
      ctgcaaggc ggctttaag ggaaccgaa cgggttaac 
      ccacaaaaa ccaacaagt attcattgt gatgaaccc 
      catcgacct aaatctaga accctcaac actgggaga 
      aacatttag gtgcgaagt tgaacataa gttcggagt 
      tagttgtgt tggctcagg atcggtcgt ctgtaaagt 
      aactcttga tagaggcgg atatgttcc tggagagag 
      tataggtgt taccgccag tgtctataa taggagtag 
      agtcacaat taagagcac cagagcagc tttaacaga 
      aagtatcgc ttatatggc aaggggcaa agtagttca 
      gtctgagaa gagagaatt ggcctcttt ggcaagggg 
      gaaaatccg accaggaga aaaagacga gtggattaa 
      cgaacaact ttacatacc accattacc accgacaaa 
      cctccgcgg ttgccattt aattaaagt caattacga 
      tgtttactt cataataga accgaagaa tcttcaaaa 
      ggaggttaa gctgcaatt accgattgt gatggctac 
      ttatccact gcgatccga agacgacaa cagtgctta 
      caagtcggg aacacatta tccctccac cttacctat 
      attcaggcc ttggcttga ggataagcc aacagtcga 
      ttgacattt agaataagt tagataact aataatgta 
      ttcacgtgc caataacat atattttat tatgaatat 
      tactgataa atcatcaat aacttgtac atattacgc 
      tttgtttgg aaataaaat gtgtaaata ttt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY