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Gene information
General information
TC010331 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007418.3: 24973933..24979280
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC010331
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
    You may enter your name. The contact information can help us to clarify any questions. If you agree, we may show your name on this page to honor your contribution.
    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_01668

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 100.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality immediately after eclosion - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 10 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC010331 RA
      MAASVGRIC GAGLLKPSC GKTVTQISS FSTTREWTR 
      GRKALIGTL GALAGGAGA LVFALEQSV KASDLELHP 
      PKNPWSHNG ILSSLDHSS VRRGYQVYK QVCAACHSM 
      RFIAYRNLV GVSHTEEEA KAEAEEIMV TDGPDENGN 
      MFQRPGKLS DYFPNPYPN EEAARAANN GAFPPDLSY 
      IVLARHGGE DYIFSLLTG YCDAPAGIV LREGQYYNP 
      YFPGGAISM AQALFNEVI EYEDGTPAT ASQLAKDVA 
      TFLKWTSEP EFDDRKRMV IKATGIFTL LIGIVYYMK 
      RHKWVSLKT RKIEFKPRK
    CDS sequence
    • >TC010331 RA
      atggctgcg agtgttgga aggatttgc ggggctgga 
      cttctgaaa ccctcctgc ggtaaaaca gtaactcag 
      atcagttcc ttttcgact acgagggaa tggaccaga 
      ggccgaaaa gctttaata gggactttg ggagcgttg 
      gctgggggc gccggtgcg ttggttttc gcccttgaa 
      cagtcagtc aaagcctca gatcttgag ttacacccc 
      cctaaaaac ccatggagc cacaacggt attctcagc 
      tcacttgac cactccagt gtgagaaga ggctaccaa 
      gtctacaaa caagtgtgt gccgcttgt cactccatg 
      agattcatt gcctatcgt aacttagtt ggagtgtca 
      cacacagaa gaggaagct aaagccgaa gccgaagaa 
      atcatggtt actgacggc cccgatgaa aacggaaac 
      atgttccaa agacctgga aaattatcc gattatttc 
      cccaacccc tatcccaat gaagaagct gctcgtgcc 
      gccaacaat ggcgctttc ccaccggat cttagctac 
      atcgtgttg gcccgtcac ggaggggaa gattacatt 
      ttctctcta ctgactggc tactgcgac gccccagct 
      ggaattgtt ttgagggaa ggccagtac tacaacccg 
      tacttcccc ggaggcgcc atttcgatg gcccaggcc 
      ctctttaac gaagtcata gaatacgaa gacgggaca 
      cccgcaact gccagtcaa ttagcaaaa gatgtcgcc 
      actttcctc aagtggact tcagagccg gaatttgac 
      gatcgcaag agaatggtc attaaagcc actggcata 
      tttacgcta cttattggc attgtttac tacatgaag 
      agacataag tgggtgtct ctcaaaacg cgtaaaatt 
      gaattcaaa ccgaggaag taa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC010331 RA
      tatgacgag ttcgaagta aaaaaaata actcggctg 
      taatatact cttaagtgg gttaatgca taatcatat 
      acgatgtgt gggggctcc aggtagtta aagggcctc 
      aaaaagtgt gaaaaaagt tgatttgtt caaatgcaa 
      ggcgccttt tggtggcaa gtgccaccc aaacggagt 
      gaaaatccc cacggtgcc tattacgta aagctgtca 
      aaattctgt tatccttcc cttggaacg aagtcgttc 
      acgtgaagg ataaacttt ggcttttct ccgtcagtt 
      tatgcattt gctgcatat ttcaagtcc catcggttt 
      ttagacggg gattctgtt gacctgtga ccaccctta 
      gtcaacatg gctgcgagt gttggaagg atttgcggg 
      gctggactt ctgaaaccc tcctgcggt aaaacagta 
      actcagatc agttccttt tcgactacg agggaatgg 
      accagaggc cgaaaagct ttaataggg actttggga 
      gcgttggct gggggcgcc ggtgcgttg gttttcgcc 
      cttgaacag tcagtcaaa gcctcagat cttgagtta 
      cacccccct aaaaaccca tggagccac aacggtatt 
      ctcagctca cttgaccac tccagtgtg agaagaggc 
      taccaagtc tacaaacaa gtgtgtgcc gcttgtcac 
      tccatgaga ttcattgcc tatcgtaac ttagttgga 
      gtgtcacac acagaagag gaagctaaa gccgaagcc 
      gaagaaatc atggttact gacggcccc gatgaaaac 
      ggaaacatg ttccaaaga cctggaaaa ttatccgat 
      tatttcccc aacccctat cccaatgaa gaagctgct 
      cgtgccgcc aacaatggc gctttccca ccggatctt 
      agctacatc gtgttggcc cgtcacgga ggggaagat 
      tacattttc tctctactg actggctac tgcgacgcc 
      ccagctgga attgttttg agggaaggc cagtactac 
      aacccgtac ttccccgga ggcgccatt tcgatggcc 
      caggccctc tttaacgaa gtcatagaa tacgaagac 
      gggacaccc gcaactgcc agtcaatta gcaaaagat 
      gtcgccact ttcctcaag tggacttca gagccggaa 
      tttgacgat cgcaagaga atggtcatt aaagccact 
      ggcatattt acgctactt attggcatt gtttactac 
      atgaagaga cataagtgg gtgtctctc aaaacgcgt 
      aaaattgaa ttcaaaccg aggaagtaa gtggcaaat 
      agttgaaca ctcttagcg tgacgttac tctggctag 
      ttctgttta agcaaatgt aaaattact tttataagg 
      tttattttt tgtcccgtc ccatcatga tgtaaataa 
      ctaggaaat ttaatatat gattcttct ttttatttg 
      gctgtagcg atgtccatt gccatttca ccattgtca 
      cgttatttg ttaacaata tattattta aaagtta
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY