Status
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Gene information
General information
TC009984 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 10706516..10708311
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC009984
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_01639

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 100.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 5 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 10 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC009984 RA
      MADNEDLGL GPEDHLESL DETNGMHDD 
      ALLNDTDLD GTGGDDPEL EAIKARVRE 
      MEEEAEKLK QLQSEVDKQ MNMGSPPGL 
      TSPLNMSLE EKMEVDNRS IYVGNVDYG 
      ATAEELEQH FHGCGSINR VTILCNKYD 
      GHPKGFAYI EFGDRDSVQ TAMAMDESL 
      FRGRPIKVM PKRTNRPGL STTNRPPRG 
      RGAFRGARG VGRGFYAGY RPMRRPRSY 
      RRGGYFSPY
    CDS sequence
    • >TC009984 RA
      atggctgat aatgaagat ttgggatta ggtccagag 
      gatcacttg gaatcttta gacgaaaca aatgggatg 
      cacgacgac gctcttttg aacgacacc gatttggac 
      ggcaccggg ggcgacgac cctgagctc gaagccatc 
      aaagcccgg gtgcgtgag atggaagag gaagccgaa 
      aagctgaaa cagctccag agcgaggtc gataaacaa 
      atgaacatg ggcagtcct cccggacta accagtcct 
      ttgaatatg tcgcttgag gagaagatg gaggttgat 
      aatcgcagt atttacgtc ggcaatgtc gactacggc 
      gcaacagcc gaagaactg gaacagcac ttccatggt 
      tgtggatca ataaaccgg gtcactatt ctttgtaat 
      aaatacgat ggacacccc aaaggcttc gcctacatt 
      gagtttggg gacagggac tccgtgcag acggcgatg 
      gcgatggac gagtcgttg tttagagga agaccaatc 
      aaggtcatg cctaaaagg accaataga ccgggcctt 
      tccaccaca aaccggccg ccaaggggc agaggggcg 
      ttccggggg gcacgagga gtcgggcgg ggattttac 
      gctggctat aggcccatg cgtagacca aggagttac 
      agacgaggt ggatatttt tcaccatac tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC009984 RA
      ggcaacgca agtcaccta cgccatttt tcttcacaa 
      gccgactct tccacaatt tgccggtaa taaaaaagt 
      ggcttggat ggtgtgttt tagtgctct tttgacaaa 
      aaattatct ccagtacgg cagcgttta catgtaaca 
      gattgaaca aactatggc tgataatga agatttggg 
      attaggtcc agaggatca cttggaatc tttagacga 
      aacaaatgg gatgcacga cgacgctct tttgaacga 
      caccgattt ggacggcac cgggggcga cgaccctga 
      gctcgaagc catcaaagc ccgggtgcg tgagatgga 
      agaggaagc cgaaaagct gaaacagct ccagagcga 
      ggtcgataa acaaatgaa catgggcag tcctcccgg 
      actaaccag tcctttgaa tatgtcgct tgaggagaa 
      gatggaggt tgataatcg cagtattta cgtcggcaa 
      tgtcgacta cggcgcaac agccgaaga actggaaca 
      gcacttcca tggttgtgg atcaataaa ccgggtcac 
      tattctttg taataaata cgatggaca ccccaaagg 
      cttcgccta cattgagtt tggggacag ggactccgt 
      gcagacggc gatggcgat ggacgagtc gttgtttag 
      aggaagacc aatcaaggt catgcctaa aaggaccaa 
      tagaccggg cctttccac cacaaaccg gccgccaag 
      gggcagagg ggcgttccg gggggcacg aggagtcgg 
      gcggggatt ttacgctgg ctataggcc catgcgtag 
      accaaggag ttacagacg aggtggata tttttcacc 
      atactgacg ggcctggta aatataagg aacatcatt 
      attacattt ttgtttaag taacacctc tcataattc 
      tatcacact gatattttg gactaagaa aaaaaagtt 
      acaaaagaa aaaagaaaa aaagtgaag ttaaaaact 
      gtaaattaa aaacatttc ccctcgtaa aatttaaat 
      gttaggcta acatgtatg agttgagcg agtgttgcg 
      tgcatgtgt ggaaattaa tttttcttc atagtcaga 
      agaaaacaa agaaagtca taagataat tatgagttt 
      ctttcgttc attgggtga gaaattggt agttgtaac 
      ggttatgag aatagtttt gttacggtc tgaacagtt 
      tcgttttta ttttataat ttttaatgt tgcaacatt 
      acaggtacc ttcagcctg tttttttca ggagttcca 
      tttttttaa aagttagat tagaaaata acaaaaatg 
      taaaaaaaa ttcatgtac atgtaaaga tgaataata 
      aattggtga aatataa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY