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Gene information
General information
TC009457 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 833702..834884
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC009457
    iBeetle screen iB_01557

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, but muscle fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larval musculature irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    remarks: muscle pattern potentially obscured by segmentation defect,
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    larva appendages partially shortened - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    thorax partially not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    thorax not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    abdomen partially not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    abdomen not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    remarks: animals lost,
    Adult morphology
    remarks: animals lost,
    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC009457 RA
      MTGYYFLSL TLLATCCSF VLCDFYKNV PLTKSRPFS 
      DEQIKNQLD HVHLTYKNI PVITPETFH RLSPVKKLE 
      VEFCNVKSI DEDSFRALE NLQKLSLKH NLLTEIPNG 
      TFSATNIEE LDLSDNQIE KIESGAFGY MPNLRSIKL 
      KNNKIQMYH NSWFELAPN LCFLNLENN LMTALPTRI 
      LGSRQAWTC NVDVIFSHN SLEEIDEEA FLNYKLNKL 
      YLDHNKIRV LPKNVFSNA VQISHLKLN NNRLDCTLP 
      EMSTVEKYD VNDNSCLFD LQGEKLETS TPEASTTER 
      VLRYYHQYQ HQRDFLPPP FHPSMGRNR YNSFLRIG
    CDS sequence
    • >TC009457 RA
      atgactggt tactatttt ctctctcta actttacta 
      gcaacatgt tgcagtttt gtgctgtgt gatttttac 
      aaaaacgtg cctttgacg aaatcccgg ccgttcagt 
      gacgaacaa attaagaat caactggac cacgtccat 
      ctcacctac aagaacatt ccagtgatt acacctgaa 
      accttccat agactttcc ccagtcaag aaattagaa 
      gtcgagttt tgcaatgtt aaatcaatt gacgaagat 
      tctttccgg gctttggaa aacttacaa aaactcagt 
      ctgaagcac aatttactt accgaaatc cccaatggt 
      actttttcc gcaaccaac atcgaagaa ctggatctg 
      agtgacaac caaattgag aagatagaa agtggggcc 
      tttggctac atgcccaat ctgagaagc atcaagttg 
      aagaacaac aagatccaa atgtatcac aattcgtgg 
      tttgagtta gctccaaac ttgtgtttt ctcaacttg 
      gaaaataat ttaatgacc gctctaccg accagaatt 
      ttgggctca agacaagcg tggacgtgc aatgttgac 
      gttattttc agccacaat agtctggag gaaatagat 
      gaggaagct tttcttaat tacaagttg aacaaattg 
      tatctggac cataacaaa atcagggtt ttgccaaaa 
      aatgttttt agcaatgcc gttcaaatt tcgcacttg 
      aaactcaat aacaatcgg cttgactgt actttaccc 
      gaaatgagt accgtggaa aaatacgat gttaatgat 
      aattcgtgt ttgtttgat ttgcaaggc gaaaagttg 
      gaaacttct actccagaa gctagtact acggaaagg 
      gttctgcgg tactaccac cagtaccaa caccagaga 
      gattttctt ccaccacct ttccacccc tctatgggt 
      aggaacagg tacaactcg tttctacgt attggataa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC009457 RA
      aatcacata aaaaatgta ataaacatg atgggcaat 
      ataatattt aaataacca tcgtgtaat gtcagtgct 
      aacacttca gttacaatg actggttac tattttctc 
      tctctaact ttactagca acatgttgc agttttgtg 
      ctgtgtgat ttttacaaa aacgtgcct ttgacgaaa 
      tcccggccg ttcagtgac gaacaaatt aagaatcaa 
      ctggaccac gtccatctc acctacaag aacattcca 
      gtgattaca cctgaaacc ttccataga ctttcccca 
      gtcaagaaa ttagaagtc gagttttgc aatgttaaa 
      tcaattgac gaagattct ttccgggct ttggaaaac 
      ttacaaaaa ctcagtctg aagcacaat ttacttacc 
      gaaatcccc aatggtact ttttccgca accaacatc 
      gaagaactg gatctgagt gacaaccaa attgagaag 
      atagaaagt ggggccttt ggctacatg cccaatctg 
      agaagcatc aagttgaag aacaacaag atccaaatg 
      tatcacaat tcgtggttt gagttagct ccaaacttg 
      tgttttctc aacttggaa aataattta atgaccgct 
      ctaccgacc agaattttg ggctcaaga caagcgtgg 
      acgtgcaat gttgacgtt attttcagc cacaatagt 
      ctggaggaa atagatgag gaagctttt cttaattac 
      aagttgaac aaattgtat ctggaccat aacaaaatc 
      agggttttg ccaaaaaat gtttttagc aatgccgtt 
      caaatttcg cacttgaaa ctcaataac aatcggctt 
      gactgtact ttacccgaa atgagtacc gtggaaaaa 
      tacgatgtt aatgataat tcgtgtttg tttgatttg 
      caaggcgaa aagttggaa acttctact ccagaagct 
      agtactacg gaaagggtt ctgcggtac taccaccag 
      taccaacac cagagagat tttcttcca ccacctttc 
      cacccctct atgggtagg aacaggtac aactcgttt 
      ctacgtatt ggataaaat tatgtcact catttttaa 
      tttaatatt gttttttat tttgataaa ttgtaataa 
      attatattt ttaggatga tttttgtgt tctaaaatt 
      gttatttgt taaataaaa attttctgg tatt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY