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Gene information
General information
TC009159 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007422.5: 3661531..3662470
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC009159
    iBeetle screen iB_01483

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 0.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 90.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt delayed (still prepupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt not fulfilled (died as prepupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection



    eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (19 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (22 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (41 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Adult morphology
    wings not closed - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC009159 RA
      MSSVQKKLI IVGDGACGK TCLLIAFAK 
      DIFNSEYRP TVFENYVAD VELDALTVE 
      LSLWDTSGQ EDYDRLRPI QYPETDVVL 
      ICFSVMWRD SLLNVSAKW CPEVRHFCP 
      NVPILLIGT KNDLREDKE ELEKLKMMK 
      KSPVTRDEA EAMARTIGA VCYIECSAK 
      TKYNVQEVF KEAARATIA KRKKRKQRC 
      VLI
    CDS sequence
    • >TC009159 RA
      atgtcctcc gtccaaaag aagctcatc attgtgggc 
      gacggcgcc tgcggcaag acctgcctc ctgatcgcc 
      ttcgccaaa gacatcttc aactccgaa taccgcccc 
      acagttttc gaaaactac gtcgccgat gtggagctg 
      gacgccctc accgtggag ctctccctc tgggacacc 
      tcaggccag gaggactac gaccgcctt agacccatc 
      cagtacccc gaaacggac gtggtgctg atatgcttc 
      tcggtgatg tggagggac tctcttttg aacgtctcg 
      gcaaagtgg tgccccgaa gtcaggcat ttctgcccc 
      aacgtccct atactgctc atagggacg aagaacgat 
      ctcagggag gacaaggag gagttggag aagttgaaa 
      atgatgaag aaatccccg gttacgagg gacgaagcc 
      gaggccatg gcgaggacc attggggcc gtttgctac 
      atcgaatgt tcagccaag accaaatat aacgtgcag 
      gaggtgttc aaggaggcc gcgagggcc acaatcgca 
      aaacgaaag aagcggaaa caacgctgt gtactaatt 
      tga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC009159 RA
      tcgctctca caataatgt cctccgtcc aaaagaagc 
      tcatcattg tgggcgacg gcgcctgcg gcaagacct 
      gcctcctga tcgccttcg ccaaagaca tcttcaact 
      ccgaatacc gccccacag ttttcgaaa actacgtcg 
      ccgatgtgg agctggacg ccctcaccg tggagctct 
      ccctctggg acacctcag gccaggagg actacgacc 
      gccttagac ccatccagt accccgaaa cggacgtgg 
      tgctgatat gcttctcgg tgatgtgga gggactctc 
      ttttgaacg tctcggcaa agtggtgcc ccgaagtca 
      ggcatttct gccccaacg tccctatac tgctcatag 
      ggacgaaga acgatctca gggaggaca aggaggagt 
      tggagaagt tgaaaatga tgaagaaat ccccggtta 
      cgagggacg aagccgagg ccatggcga ggaccattg 
      gggccgttt gctacatcg aatgttcag ccaagacca 
      aatataacg tgcaggagg tgttcaagg aggccgcga 
      gggccacaa tcgcaaaac gaaagaagc ggaaacaac 
      gctgtgtac taatttgac ccatttttg ttatttatt 
      tataccaaa gtaagcttt aatttgtat ttagcgccg 
      ctaacggta ccaacataa agtattttc cgacttgca 
      gtttcgtca ttttaacct aaacaaaaa ctgccaaaa 
      aaattatgg cccaaaatt acggtcaag tgggacttc 
      agttgtctg aattgactc ccttttctc gtaatttta 
      gcttatatg atttttcgg ggacgctaa aaattgttg 
      ctgttatgt tggcactat attttttaa ccccaaatt 
      tgatttaag ttctttgat tgtgagtga aaacagccc 
      caaaaatag gtagtaggg ctaatacaa tgcatggtc 
      actg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY