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Gene information
General information
TC008403 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007419.2: 9831178..9833030
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC008403
    iBeetle screen iB_01345

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 70.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 50.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality early (L5/6) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 5 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt delayed (still larva) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 5 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    larva lethality late (L7) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC008403 RA
      MDQMLPSPG FSIPSIGTP LHQPEEDQM ILPNALQQQ 
      QQQQPSTTS QSQQVPPLA PMGALTPTL GLGMGMSMP 
      HTKYAGFAL PITSIQSQT PQHTMMSPM VNLGGSSGA 
      ANTPSMGPA TPSPLTPMT PHSADPNIV PQLQNIVST 
      VNLSCKLDL KKIALHARN AEYNPKRFA AVIMRIREP 
      RTTALIFSS GKMVCTGAK SEDDSRLAA RKYARIIQK 
      LGFPAKFLD FKIQNMVGS CDVKFPIRL EGLVLTHSS 
      FSSYEPELF PGLIYRMVK PRIVLLIFV SGKVVLTGA 
      KIRQEIYEA FDNIYPILK SFKKQ
    CDS sequence
    • >TC008403 RA
      atggatcaa atgttgcca agccccggt ttcagcatt 
      cctagcata ggaaccccc ttgcaccag cccgaggaa 
      gatcagatg attttgccc aatgctctg cagcaacaa 
      cagcagcag caaccttcc acaacatca cagtcccaa 
      caagtcccg cctttggcc ccaatggga gccctaaca 
      ccaactctg gggttgggc atgggcatg tccatgccc 
      catacgaaa tatgcgggc ttcgccctc cccatcacg 
      agtatccag tcacaaaca ccacaacac actatgatg 
      tcccctatg gtgaatttg gggggctca agtggtgca 
      gcgaacacc ccgtcgatg ggccccgcg acgccgtcg 
      cccctgaca ccgatgacc ccgcattcg gccgacccc 
      aacattgtc ccccaatta caaaatatt gtctccaca 
      gttaacctc agctgcaag ttagacttg aaaaaaatc 
      gcccttcac gcacgtaac gctgagtac aaccccaaa 
      cgtttcgct gcagttata atgagaatc agggagccc 
      cgaactact gctcttatt ttctcttcg ggaaaaatg 
      gtctgcacg ggggctaaa agcgaggac gactccaga 
      ctagcagcg aggaaatat gcgagaatt atccaaaag 
      ctgggcttc cccgcgaaa tttttagac ttcaagatt 
      caaaatatg gtgggaagt tgcgacgtt aaatttccg 
      atcagattg gaaggactt gtcctcacg cacagttcc 
      ttcagttcg tatgaaccc gagttattc cccggttta 
      atttacaga atggttaag cccagaatt gtactactt 
      atttttgtc tcgggtaaa gttgtcttg actggcgcc 
      aaaatcagg caggagatt tacgaagcc tttgataat 
      atttatcca atcctgaaa agcttcaaa aagcaataa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC008403 RA
      ttgtcccca aaaattatg ctaggagaa taatttatt 
      aatttgctt ccaaatccg tttttccag tgaaaaaca 
      gtattttcg tgacgaaaa ctctgaaag agaacaatc 
      aaggaatgt tattttgtg tttgtatgg tctgagttc 
      aagttttta aaaattata accgtttat gctaaatgt 
      tgactatga ttttattgt tcagttaat tagttcgtt 
      aattaaaaa agtgtaaag acaacaagt accaaaatg 
      gatcaaatg ttgccaagc cccggtttc agcattcct 
      agcatagga acccccttg caccagccc gaggaagat 
      cagatgatt ttgcccaat gctctgcag caacaacag 
      cagcagcaa ccttccaca acatcacag tcccaacaa 
      gtcccgcct ttggcccca atgggagcc ctaacacca 
      actctgggg ttgggcatg ggcatgtcc atgccccat 
      acgaaatat gcgggcttc gccctcccc atcacgagt 
      atccagtca caaacacca caacacact atgatgtcc 
      cctatggtg aatttgggg ggctcaagt ggtgcagcg 
      aacaccccg tcgatgggc cccgcgacg ccgtcgccc 
      ctgacaccg atgaccccg cattcggcc gaccccaac 
      attgtcccc caattacaa aatattgtc tccacagtt 
      aacctcagc tgcaagtta gacttgaaa aaaatcgcc 
      cttcacgca cgtaacgct gagtacaac cccaaacgt 
      ttcgctgca gttataatg agaatcagg gagccccga 
      actactgct cttattttc tcttcggga aaaatggtc 
      tgcacgggg gctaaaagc gaggacgac tccagacta 
      gcagcgagg aaatatgcg agaattatc caaaagctg 
      ggcttcccc gcgaaattt ttagacttc aagattcaa 
      aatatggtg ggaagttgc gacgttaaa tttccgatc 
      agattggaa ggacttgtc ctcacgcac agttccttc 
      agttcgtat gaacccgag ttattcccc ggtttaatt 
      tacagaatg gttaagccc agaattgta ctacttatt 
      tttgtctcg ggtaaagtt gtcttgact ggcgccaaa 
      atcaggcag gagatttac gaagccttt gataatatt 
      tatccaatc ctgaaaagc ttcaaaaag caataattg 
      cttcatgtg ctacgttta attgttgac tgtaagtgg 
      gccttttat attgttaat agacgagaa tcaaaaatt 
      gcttttatt tttcctttt gacaagtcc aatctaacc 
      tcaaaatta gttttttta cattattaa tacattatg 
      ctgcactag aatacaatc aatcgaaag ggaatggaa 
      aattccgct cagtactta agttcaaaa ctgataagt 
      aaataatta attaaagtt gattatggt ttacgaaaa 
      ttcaaattt ttgccacat aacctcaaa ttttttgcc 
      aaaaagaaa aaactcgct cgtttttgt cttaaatga 
      agaacaata aactctaaa aaagtggaa gaatatcag 
      aagacggta caaattcca cgccttgta aatactgga 
      actgataaa aagcgatgt caaattcca acatgttca 
      agtaattat tttaatctc tacagttcg gcgtaaaat 
      aacaacaat gcccatttt accaggtga ggccacacg 
      ccaataatt gcgttacta atcg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY