Status
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Gene information
General information
TC007458 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007419.2: 4258170..4262875
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC007458
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
    If you paste here the relevant section of the reference it is for us a great help to review your annotation. The quotation may be also be displayed to the users of iBeetle-Base.
    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_01195

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    remarks: later than schedule, hours 96
    Pupal morphology
    remarks: later than schedule, hours 96
    Adult morphology
    remarks: later than schedule, hours 96
    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC007458 RA
      MIMMRSTPC TKMGKPPPP VPPRPSKTL VAEALAKTR 
      KGAPVRTAP PPPLVSVGV SEGSRTVIF QSPKIEKKK 
      EEDQVLNDR NHVNTLIDE MFASVLDQN EDKVSVEVP 
      TVVVVEDSS SNSSTNEKK KVQFDDRMN HELLVSELE 
      SMRIEDEKI SKRQRKPSD VIASDSDNK IQHSDWVEV 
      NDGQEVHLS TCQIIIDDK IEKLKLDYE RIKTMSSLH 
      GLPPLPKSL SGFNLLESK PPTPVRTTS MRQGHLVYP 
      PHPKINGDR KTNLDTQLA ILRREMYSL RQLDLSLLS 
      QLWSLNESI QDFRQILQE QEDRVLSPP SPSPTPSSG 
      DEAEGDEFY MSTTSMSFR TPPPPPPVR RPSSSSNAS 
      SLG
    CDS sequence
    • >TC007458 RA
      atgattatg atgcgatca acaccctgc acgaagatg 
      ggcaaaccg cctccgccg gtgccccca aggcccagt 
      aaaacgctg gtggcggag gctctggcc aagacgcgg 
      aaaggggcg ccggtgagg acggcgccg ccaccgcct 
      cttgtgagt gttggggtg tcggagggt agtcgaact 
      gtgattttt caatcgccc aaaatcgag aagaaaaag 
      gaggaggat caagtgttg aacgatcgc aatcatgtc 
      aataccttg atcgatgaa atgtttgcc agtgttttg 
      gatcaaaat gaggataaa gtcagcgtg gaagtaccg 
      acggtcgtg gtcgtcgaa gactcgagt agcaatagt 
      tccacaaat gagaagaaa aaagtccaa tttgacgac 
      cgaatgaat cacgaattg ttggtttcc gagttggaa 
      agtatgcga atcgaagac gagaaaatc tcgaaaaga 
      caaaggaaa ccttcggat gtaatagct agtgatagt 
      gataataaa attcagcat tcggattgg gtcgaagtg 
      aatgatgga caagaagtg catttatcc acttgtcaa 
      atcattatc gacgataaa attgaaaaa ttaaagctc 
      gattacgaa aggattaaa acaatgtct tcgcttcac 
      ggcctacct ccgctaccc aaaagtctc agtggtttt 
      aatttatta gagtcgaag cctccgact cccgtaagg 
      acgacgtcg atgcggcaa ggacatttg gtttatccg 
      ccacatccc aaaatcaac ggcgaccgg aaaaccaat 
      ctggacacg cagttggcg attttgcga cgagaaatg 
      tacagcctc cgtcagctg gacctctcg ctgctgtcc 
      cagctgtgg tccctgaac gagtcgatc caggatttc 
      cgccaaatc ctccaggag caggaggac cgcgtcttg 
      tcgccgccg tcgccgtcc ccgacgccg tccagcggc 
      gacgaggcc gaaggcgac gagttttac atgtccacc 
      acttcgatg agctttagg acgccgcct ccaccgccc 
      ccagtccgg agacctagc agttcctcg aatgcgtcc 
      agtcttggt tag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC007458 RA
      caaacccat cattgttta tcggcccca atttcattg 
      caatcgatt cgaaagcat taattcaat gtcgcgttt 
      gaaagtcat aatgataat aaaaattgc aaaaatctc 
      gttgacatt ttcccgtca ccgttatct ctccttccg 
      catatcatg catattaac ggaaattaa tccctcgcc 
      ctgcaaaaa gccgggaaa gtaattttc accggtttg 
      ctatttgtt tgtgttttg aggcactta actattgca 
      ttaaattcc ccttctacc tgtcgcaag gcctccgct 
      ctttccagc tgcttatcg cgctttagt atgttcaga 
      accgcgatg agtgttgtg agtgattca ttcgatgac 
      taaaatgat tatgatgcg atcaacacc ctgcacgaa 
      gatgggcaa accgcctcc gccggtgcc cccaaggcc 
      cagtaaaac gctggtggc ggaggctct ggccaagac 
      gcggaaagg ggcgccggt gaggacggc gccgccacc 
      gcctcttgt gagtgttgg ggtgtcgga gggtagtcg 
      aactgtgat ttttcaatc gcccaaaat cgagaagaa 
      aaaggagga ggatcaagt gttgaacga tcgcaatca 
      tgtcaatac cttgatcga tgaaatgtt tgccagtgt 
      tttggatca aaatgagga taaagtcag cgtggaagt 
      accgacggt cgtggtcgt cgaagactc gagtagcaa 
      tagttccac aaatgagaa gaaaaaagt ccaatttga 
      cgaccgaat gaatcacga attgttggt ttccgagtt 
      ggaaagtat gcgaatcga agacgagaa aatctcgaa 
      aagacaaag gaaaccttc ggatgtaat agctagtga 
      tagtgataa taaaattca gcattcgga ttgggtcga 
      agtgaatga tggacaaga agtgcattt atccacttg 
      tcaaatcat tatcgacga taaaattga aaaattaaa 
      gctcgatta cgaaaggat taaaacaat gtcttcgct 
      tcacggcct acctccgct acccaaaag tctcagtgg 
      ttttaattt attagagtc gaagcctcc gactcccgt 
      aaggacgac gtcgatgcg gcaaggaca tttggttta 
      tccgccaca tcccaaaat caacggcga ccggaaaac 
      caatctgga cacgcagtt ggcgatttt gcgacgaga 
      aatgtacag cctccgtca gctggacct ctcgctgct 
      gtcccagct gtggtccct gaacgagtc gatccagga 
      tttccgcca aatcctcca ggagcagga ggaccgcgt 
      cttgtcgcc gccgtcgcc gtccccgac gccgtccag 
      cggcgacga ggccgaagg cgacgagtt ttacatgtc 
      caccacttc gatgagctt taggacgcc gcctccacc 
      gcccccagt ccggagacc tagcagttc ctcgaatgc 
      gtccagtct tggttagtg gagtgccga actttgtga 
      taattctct tgcactaat ttaaacgta gattgtaca 
      aattttacc ataactcta agcttagtt gtaattgaa 
      ttgtagctg ttttttatt aatctccta acatggact 
      gataaataa aatgtttgg aattgt
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY