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Gene information
General information
TC007359 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007419.2: 5744150..5747823
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC007359
    iBeetle screen iB_01173

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 40.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 3 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg not developed/not fertilized - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    larval musculature irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    larva appendages shape irregular - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    Comment: Phenotype is identical to the phenotype of iB1172
    larva dorsal not closed - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 50% - 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 10.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    pupal molt delayed (still larva) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    pupal molt not fulfilled (died as prepupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 5 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection



    Pupal morphology
    wings shortened - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 7

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC007359 RA
      MNICDEIKA QADANQLGL VQTYQTPCD VVQNSDVVF 
      SCLADPRSA KEVVIGNCG VIHQAEGPA ALAGKGYVE 
      MTSIDPDTS KDICNIIES KGGRYLEAQ MQGSKKQAE 
      DGSLIILAA GDKSLFDDC QTCFKAIGK TAFYLGTVG 
      SATKMNLCI NMALGIGLA GLAESMVLA ERCGLSCKD 
      FLEIFNLSE GASNYLSNK GQLINNRSF SKVEQALEY 
      MQKDIKLCL DISNDVKQN LPVAAAANE AYKTARRSG 
      YDEHDVALV FMKMRH
    CDS sequence
    • >TC007359 RA
      atgaacatt tgtgacgaa atcaaggcc caggcagac 
      gccaatcag ctggggttg gtccagaca tatcagacc 
      ccttgtgac gttgtccaa aactctgac gttgtgttt 
      agctgttta gcagatcct cgttcggca aaggaggtg 
      gtgatagga aactgcggc gtgatccac caagcggaa 
      ggccctgct gccctcgcc ggcaaagga tacgtggag 
      atgacctcc atcgatccg gacacttcc aaagacata 
      tgtaatatt atcgagagc aaaggagga cgctacttg 
      gaagcccag atgcaagga agcaagaag caagctgag 
      gacggtagt ctgataatt ttagcagcg ggcgataag 
      tcgctcttt gacgactgt cagacgtgt tttaaagcg 
      attggcaaa acggcgttt tatttgggc accgtgggc 
      tcggcgacc aaaatgaat ttgtgcatt aatatggct 
      ctggggatt gggctcgct gggcttgcg gagagcatg 
      gttttggcg gaacgatgc ggtctttcg tgtaaagat 
      ttcctggag atttttaac ttgtcggag ggagcctcc 
      aactatctg tcgaataag gggcagttg attaataat 
      cggagcttc tccaaggtc gaacaggcc ttggagtac 
      atgcagaaa gatatcaaa ctatgtctt gatatatcg 
      aatgacgtt aaacaaaac ctaccggtg gctgcagcc 
      gctaacgag gcgtacaaa acggcaagg cggtcaggg 
      tatgacgaa cacgatgtc gctttagtt tttatgaaa 
      atgcggcat tag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC007359 RA
      gtcgagaga taaggttaa tgcctgcct gtcttgaac 
      gtaaatttg ttgttactt tacgtttat tttgtttat 
      ggtacttgt aaaaatatt tcgacttgt aattttttt 
      cataattgg ttgtgtaaa agaaacaag aagtagagc 
      acgaacatg aacatttgt gacgaaatc aaggcccag 
      gcagacgcc aatcagctg gggttggtc cagacatat 
      cagacccct tgtgacgtt gtccaaaac tctgacgtt 
      gtgtttagc tgtttagca gatcctcgt tcggcaaag 
      gaggtggtg ataggaaac tgcggcgtg atccaccaa 
      gcggaaggc cctgctgcc ctcgccggc aaaggatac 
      gtggagatg acctccatc gatccggac acttccaaa 
      gacatatgt aatattatc gagagcaaa ggaggacgc 
      tacttggaa gcccagatg caaggaagc aagaagcaa 
      gctgaggac ggtagtctg ataatttta gcagcgggc 
      gataagtcg ctctttgac gactgtcag acgtgtttt 
      aaagcgatt ggcaaaacg gcgttttat ttgggcacc 
      gtgggctcg gcgaccaaa atgaatttg tgcattaat 
      atggctctg gggattggg ctcgctggg cttgcggag 
      agcatggtt ttggcggaa cgatgcggt ctttcgtgt 
      aaagatttc ctggagatt tttaacttg tcggaggga 
      gcctccaac tatctgtcg aataagggg cagttgatt 
      aataatcgg agcttctcc aaggtcgaa caggccttg 
      gagtacatg cagaaagat atcaaacta tgtcttgat 
      atatcgaat gacgttaaa caaaaccta ccggtggct 
      gcagccgct aacgaggcg tacaaaacg gcaaggcgg 
      tcagggtat gacgaacac gatgtcgct ttagttttt 
      atgaaaatg cggcattag tcaaagttc acacatttc 
      gttaaactt agttcactt gaacatggt agtgttctt 
      cctctggat tcgtttaat tattgattc gcattgact 
      gtttttttg acgaagaca ctctgtgcc tacaatttt 
      ttatttaat ttgatgatg ttaaagatt caaacaaaa 
      tacagtact caaatctta cgttggcgt agaaattgc 
      ttgattttc tattttata tataatttg tattgtcgc 
      ttaatttgc aattttcga cgttccaaa atctacggc 
      aatgacaac atgctatgc aaatttatt gaacaagtc 
      tgcaagtat cgataaatg agtttgtaa ttaacgttt 
      tgtttaggt gttctgtaa gtttttcta ttacataat 
      aaatagttt atcaataaa agtataaac aagtg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY