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Gene information
General information
TC005981 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007423.3: 4213813..4219291
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC005981
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_00970

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 20.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    remarks: later than schedule, hours 48 adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Pupal morphology
    remarks: later than schedule, hours 48
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    thorax segment unilateral number decreased - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    thorax not fused - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%

    abdomen not fused - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): 30% - 50%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC005981 RA
      MALKTENKK FEFVAKNLL AGGIAGMVS KTTVAPLDR 
      IKILLQAHN KHHECHGVF SGLRHIIKT ESPWAMYKG 
      NGAQMLRIF PYAATQFTS FEIYKRYLD GVFGSTSHI 
      DKFIAGAGA GLTAVTLTY PLDTIRARL AFQISGEHV 
      YTGIAHAAT TIFKEEGGT RALYRGFVP TLMGMVPYA 
      GLSFYCFEY LKYGCMKYL PKLTCNPCE KNTGGLVLA 
      MPAKLICGG LAGAVAQSV SYPLDVTRR RMQLALMNP 
      HTEKFAKGM LNTLRLIYN ENGVLKGWY RGMSINYLR 
      AIPMVAVSF TTYETCKQV LNLDTGLQV K
    CDS sequence
    • >TC005981 RA
      atggccttg aagactgaa aataaaaaa ttcgaattc 
      gtcgcgaaa aatctcctc gctgggggg atcgccggc 
      atggtgtcg aaaaccacg gtcgccccc ttggaccgc 
      atcaaaatc ctgctccag gcgcataac aagcaccat 
      gaatgtcac ggggttttt tcggggctg cgccacatt 
      atcaagact gaatcaccg tgggcgatg tataaggga 
      aatggggca caaatgctg aggattttt ccgtatgct 
      gcgacgcaa tttacgtcg tttgaaatt tacaagaga 
      tatttggat ggggttttt gggagtacg tcccatatt 
      gataagttt atagcggga gcaggggca ggattaacg 
      gccgtcacc ttgacctat ccgttggac acgatccga 
      gcgcgattg gctttccag attagtggc gagcacgta 
      tacaccggc atcgcccac gccgccacc accatcttc 
      aaagaagaa ggtggtact cgtgccctg taccgtggc 
      ttcgtcccc accctcatg ggcatggtc ccctacgca 
      ggtctctcc ttctactgc ttcgaatac ctgaagtac 
      ggttgcatg aaatacctg ccaaagctc acgtgcaac 
      ccatgcgag aaaaacacc ggaggtttg gtcttggcc 
      atgccagcg aaactgatc tgtgggggg ctagcaggg 
      gcggtggcc caaagtgtc agttacccc ctggatgtg 
      accaggagg cgcatgcaa ctggccctt atgaacccc 
      catacggag aaattcgca aaggggatg ctcaacact 
      ttgcgattg atttacaac gagaatggg gttttgaag 
      gggtggtac agagggatg tcgattaat tatttgcgg 
      gctattccg atggtggcg gtctcgttc acgacgtac 
      gagacgtgt aagcaggtt ttgaatctg gatacgggg 
      ttgcaagtc aagtag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC005981 RA
      tggtcacaa ttaatttta atatcgacg gtttgataa 
      agtagcaaa tttctattg gttgacgtt gctgtcacg 
      tcgtctcaa aatggtgat ttgaagtga aatttttga 
      tttatgttc atccttttg caacgaatt gttgaaaca 
      tatgagcgc aacgctcaa gaggatgca ccaagagaa 
      agttttcac aaatcccat aattgtgtt tcacctgtc 
      atcgtcact tttccacta gtgtgtccc tcatcacca 
      gcatggcct tgaagactg aaaataaaa aattcgaat 
      tcgtcgcga aaaatctcc tcgctgggg ggatcgccg 
      gcatggtgt cgaaaacca cggtcgccc ccttggacc 
      gcatcaaaa tcctgctcc aggcgcata acaagcacc 
      atgaatgtc acggggttt tttcggggc tgcgccaca 
      ttatcaaga ctgaatcac cgtgggcga tgtataagg 
      gaaatgggg cacaaatgc tgaggattt ttccgtatg 
      ctgcgacgc aatttacgt cgtttgaaa tttacaaga 
      gatatttgg atggggttt ttgggagta cgtcccata 
      ttgataagt ttatagcgg gagcagggg caggattaa 
      cggccgtca ccttgacct atccgttgg acacgatcc 
      gagcgcgat tggctttcc agattagtg gcgagcacg 
      tatacaccg gcatcgccc acgccgcca ccaccatct 
      tcaaagaag aaggtggta ctcgtgccc tgtaccgtg 
      gcttcgtcc ccaccctca tgggcatgg tcccctacg 
      caggtctct ccttctact gcttcgaat acctgaagt 
      acggttgca tgaaatacc tgccaaagc tcacgtgca 
      acccatgcg agaaaaaca ccggaggtt tggtcttgg 
      ccatgccag cgaaactga tctgtgggg ggctagcag 
      gggcggtgg cccaaagtg tcagttacc ccctggatg 
      tgaccagga ggcgcatgc aactggccc ttatgaacc 
      cccatacgg agaaattcg caaagggga tgctcaaca 
      ctttgcgat tgatttaca acgagaatg gggttttga 
      aggggtggt acagaggga tgtcgatta attatttgc 
      gggctattc cgatggtgg cggtctcgt tcacgacgt 
      acgagacgt gtaagcagg ttttgaatc tggatacgg 
      ggttgcaag tcaagtagc gacaatcta gtttaaata 
      tctctctat tttactaaa cgattttga tattg
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY