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Gene information
General information
TC005928 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

scaffold_seqid52: 5116701..5118214
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC005928
    iBeetle screen iB_00963
    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 10.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    egg without cuticle embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 40.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 100.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection



    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (22 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC005928 RA
      MAAKSLARF VVSRISTPA SNKAFLNNP NIKFYSVQK 
      NFEFIKTHK AGARNNVGV ITLNRPKAL NALCNGLMQ 
      EVADALDVF EKDNDVGAI IITGSEKAF AAGADIKEM 
      QNNTYSQCV RGNFLAHWN RVSESVKPV IAAVNGYAL 
      GGGCELAMM CDIIYAGEN AKFGQPEIL IGTIPGAGG 
      TQRLTRVVG KSKAMEMVL TGDQVPAHE AEKMGLVSK 
      VFPVEKLMD ETVKLAEKI AKNSHLVNG MCKESVNTA 
      YETTLREGL HFEKRMFHG TFATKDRKE GMTAFIEKR 
      APNFTNE
    CDS sequence
    • >TC005928 RA
      atggcagcg aaaagtttg gctcggttt gtggtctcc 
      agaatttcc acccccgcc tccaacaag gcattcctt 
      aacaacccc aacatcaaa ttctacagc gttcaaaaa 
      aacttcgaa tttattaaa acgcacaaa gctggggcc 
      cgcaacaat gtgggggtg attactctg aaccggcca 
      aaggccctt aatgccctt tgcaacggc ttgatgcag 
      gaagttgcc gacgctttg gacgtgttt gagaaggac 
      aacgacgtg ggggctatc ataatcacc ggtagcgaa 
      aaggccttt gctgcaggt gccgacatc aaagaaatg 
      caaaacaac acttattcg caatgcgtt cggggcaac 
      tttttggcc cattggaac cgcgtctct gagagcgtg 
      aagccggtg attgctgcc gtcaacggc tacgctctg 
      gggggcggt tgcgagctg gccatgatg tgcgacatc 
      atctacgca ggcgagaat gccaagttt gggcaaccg 
      gagatcttg attgggacc attccgggg gctgggggc 
      acccagagg ttgacgagg gttgtgggg aagtccaag 
      gctatggag atggtgctc acgggggat caagtgccg 
      gcgcacgag gccgagaag atgggtctg gtcagtaaa 
      gtcttcccg gttgagaaa ctgatggac gaaacggtc 
      aaactagcg gagaaaatt gcgaaaaat tcgcaccta 
      gttaacgga atgtgcaag gagtcggtc aatacagcg 
      tacgaaacg acgctcaga gaggggctc cacttcgag 
      aaacggatg ttccacggg accttcgct actaaagac 
      cgcaaagaa ggaatgact gcttttatt gagaaacgg 
      gccccgaat ttcacaaat gaataa
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC005928 RA
      acaacagct ccaattaaa ccaaaaaac gataaactc 
      gaagcgatt tatgaccaa ctttgctgt ttaccgggt 
      tgctgataa acaggcaaa gactttgaa ccggtttaa 
      caaattttt atctattaa cacagtgac aatggcagc 
      gaaaagttt ggctcggtt tgtggtctc cagaatttc 
      cacccccgc ctccaacaa ggcattcct taacaaccc 
      caacatcaa attctacag cgttcaaaa aaacttcga 
      atttattaa aacgcacaa agctggggc ccgcaacaa 
      tgtgggggt gattactct gaaccggcc aaaggccct 
      taatgccct ttgcaacgg cttgatgca ggaagttgc 
      cgacgcttt ggacgtgtt tgagaagga caacgacgt 
      gggggctat cataatcac cggtagcga aaaggcctt 
      tgctgcagg tgccgacat caaagaaat gcaaaacaa 
      cacttattc gcaatgcgt tcggggcaa ctttttggc 
      ccattggaa ccgcgtctc tgagagcgt gaagccggt 
      gattgctgc cgtcaacgg ctacgctct ggggggcgg 
      ttgcgagct ggccatgat gtgcgacat catctacgc 
      aggcgagaa tgccaagtt tgggcaacc ggagatctt 
      gattgggac cattccggg ggctggggg cacccagag 
      gttgacgag ggttgtggg gaagtccaa ggctatgga 
      gatggtgct cacggggga tcaagtgcc ggcgcacga 
      ggccgagaa gatgggtct ggtcagtaa agtcttccc 
      ggttgagaa actgatgga cgaaacggt caaactagc 
      ggagaaaat tgcgaaaaa ttcgcacct agttaacgg 
      aatgtgcaa ggagtcggt caatacagc gtacgaaac 
      gacgctcag agaggggct ccacttcga gaaacggat 
      gttccacgg gaccttcgc tactaaaga ccgcaaaga 
      aggaatgac tgcttttat tgagaaacg ggccccgaa 
      tttcacaaa tgaataatt tttttaata cataatgtt 
      tgaaatt