Status
Please wait ...
Gene information
General information
TC005877 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

scaffold_seqid53: 211460..213806
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC005877
    iBeetle screen iB_00951
    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 30.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    pupa eclosion not fulfilled (died as pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality immediately after eclosion - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: < 50
    head capsule mostly not present - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae total percentage of affected eggs/embryos/larvae on slide - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): less than 30%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: 40.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: 70.0% (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    larva lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (11 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    eclosion delayed (still pupa) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (16 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 2 (22 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (41 dpi)
    Days post injection


    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC005877 RA
      MPRGKFTNH KGRNRRFTN PEELEEERR 
      REEQKKKWR HQQGDDTSS SEDEASGDK 
      KISEEESDD SEESSDEGE VKAKGVSNL 
      IEIENPNRV QKKSKKLAT LNTEVDSKP 
      QLSRREREE IERQKAQAH YQKLHAEGK 
      TEQARADLA RLAIIKQQR EEAKKRREA 
      EQKEKEDAA KLKSAQTQK ALGRK
    CDS sequence
    • >TC005877 RA
      atgccacga ggtaaattt acgaaccac aagggccgt 
      aatcgccgg tttaccaac ccggaagag ctcgaagag 
      gagagaaga cgcgaggag cagaagaag aagtggagg 
      caccagcag ggcgacgac acgtcgagc agcgaagac 
      gaagcatct ggtgataaa aaaataagc gaggaggaa 
      tctgatgac agcgaagag agcagcgat gaaggagag 
      gttaaggcc aaaggcgtc tccaacctc atagaaatc 
      gaaaacccc aacagggtg caaaagaag agcaaaaaa 
      ttagcgact ctaaacacg gaagtagac agtaagccc 
      caattgtcg cgccgagag cgcgaggaa atcgagcgg 
      caaaaggcg caagcccat tatcagaaa ttacacgct 
      gaaggcaaa accgaacaa gccagagct gatctggcc 
      aggttagca attattaaa caacaacga gaagaagcg 
      aaaaagcgg agagaggcc gaacagaaa gagaaagaa 
      gatgcggcg aaactcaag tcagctcag acccaaaaa 
      gcgttgggg agaaagtag
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC005877 RA
      tatgtaatt gcttagaaa atttgaaac atttttcga 
      gattaaaaa aaaatatta caagaaaat ttattttcg 
      aacttgacg actgataac atttccgtg caaactctt 
      tcgccggaa accccggcc aaatactgg gacatgacg 
      gcttacaac aattccaag ttgtgcaat gtgttgttc 
      gcccgcctt ttggcgaaa aagctgcaa cctttgggg 
      atctccgtt ttcagcctt caccctggc aatatggtg 
      tcgtcaaaa ctggcacgt aactggtgg ctttatcgc 
      atttttttc gcctttgtt cggcctttt accaagtcg 
      ctacaacaa gcagcaagc actacagtc ttctgtgcc 
      accgcaatt gagttaatt ggagtcacg ggggtctat 
      tttaataat tgtttccgt tgcgaggag agcccgagt 
      gcgaaaaac gacgacctg gcggaaatg ctgtggaaa 
      ttgagcgtg gaaatgctg gtcggagtg gtcgggaaa 
      aatatcttg tcaatagat ttttgaata aatgtttgc 
      caatctggt gattttcgt tgtcatttg gtgcgctgt 
      tggtagtgg tgtgagttg acatttcga gcatcctcc 
      aaaataatc ccatgcttt tttcgtaaa aaaagtgag 
      caaaattac agtttttgt gatattagc gtgaattgt 
      attaatttc cggtgataa aaatgccac gaggtaaat 
      ttacgaacc acaagggcc gtaatcgcc ggtttacca 
      acccggaag agctcgaag aggagagaa gacgcgagg 
      agcagaaga agaagtgga ggcaccagc agggcgacg 
      acacgtcga gcagcgaag acgaagcat ctggtgata 
      aaaaaataa gcgaggagg aatctgatg acagcgaag 
      agagcagcg atgaaggag aggttaagg ccaaaggcg 
      tctccaacc tcatagaaa tcgaaaacc ccaacaggg 
      tgcaaaaga agagcaaaa aattagcga ctctaaaca 
      cggaagtag acagtaagc cccaattgt cgcgccgag 
      agcgcgagg aaatcgagc ggcaaaagg cgcaagccc 
      attatcaga aattacacg ctgaaggca aaaccgaac 
      aagccagag ctgatctgg ccaggttag caattatta 
      aacaacaac gagaagaag cgaaaaagc ggagagagg 
      ccgaacaga aagagaaag aagatgcgg cgaaactca 
      agtcagctc agacccaaa aagcgttgg ggagaaagt 
      agacaacta atttttcat caaggaatt tactatttt 
      cactgttca tgtaataat tcttttata gcaat