Status
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Gene information
General information
TC005552 Gene

The sequence from the iB fragment is matched against the genes from the official gene set. The matche(s) is/are visualizied in a genome browser.

NC_007423.3: 11403178..11405847
Sequence information
Transcripts / Proteins (1) Get mRNA sequence
Get CDS sequence
Get protein sequence
Ortholog information (from OrthoDB)

The information about the homolog genes in Drosophila is provided by OrthoDB http://www.orthodb.org/. The homologs are sorted according to their similarity score. For an orthology statement additional analysis are required.
The data basis for the orthologs is OrthoDB v9 containing OGS3 for Tribolium castaneum and 2015_04 (r6.07) for Drosophila melanogaster.

Closest fly homologs
    TC005552
    Gene ontology

    GO terms for Tribolium

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    There are no GO terms for Tribolium at the moment. You can help the community by providing some GO terms for this gene.


    GO terms for the homologous Drosophila genes


    Assign a GO term to this Tribolium gene by filling in the fields. Repeat to add several GO terms. Search AmiGO for the correct GO ID. Use only the most specific term - use "graph views" to browse related terms ("child terms" are more specific; the more general "parent" terms will be automatically linked). Only information based on Tribolium data should be entered - do not define terms just based on Drosophila knowledge. We will review this information and submit the annotation to the Gene Ontology consortium.


    Gene
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    The Tribolium gene the GO term is assigned to.
    GO ID *
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    The ID of the GO term you assign to the gene. Please enter only the ID of the GO term with proceeding 'GO:'. This information is mandatory.
    Evidence
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    The evidence code describes with which method the function or location, expressed by the GO term, was show for this gene. Please refer to this page for a definition of the evidence code and a decision tree.
    Reference *
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    The reference where the function or location is described for the gene. Please enter a PubMed ID. This information is mandatory.
    Quotation
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    Name
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    Email
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    Publish name
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    * : mandatory fields
    For help on how to submit larger datasets or non experimental data please contact us.
    iBeetle screen iB_00883

    Attention! iBeetle is a first pass screen. Hence, the documented phenotypes need to be confirmed by independent experiments using non-overlapping dsRNA fragments! Phenotypes with a penetrance > 50% are frequently reproduced. See Schmitt-Engel et al. 2015 for details on reproducibility.

    iB sequence
    Phenotype after pupal injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Pupal injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female pupae of the pBA19 strain (muscle enhancer trap line) were injected with dsRNA.

    3 days post injection (dpi): Hatch control: Pupal and adult lethality as well as metamorphosis defects (molting, eclosion) were documented. For mating, 4 males of the black strain were added.

    9 dpi: First egg-lay was collected and incubated for cuticle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) was documented.

    11 dpi: Second egg-lay was collected and incubated for embryonic muscle analysis. Adult lethality and egg production (reduced/ no egg-lay) were documented.

    Note: The adult morphology was not analyzed systematically at 3/9/11 dpi. Only obvious phenotypes, visible without magnification, have been annotated.

    13 dpi: Egg productivity and Ovary analysis
    The percentage of hatched larvae was documented and not hatched larvae/ eggs were embedded for cuticle analysis (15 dpi). In case of a reduction of egg production, 4 injected females were dissected to analyze the gross morphology of the ovaries.

    14 dpi: Analysis of embryonic musculature and early embryonic development
    Offspring of the injected females (hatched and not hatched larvae/ eggs) were analysed for embryonic lethality and muscle defects.

    15 dpi: Analysis of larval instar 1 cuticle
    Offspring of injected females were analysed and cuticle phenotypes were annotated.

    22 dpi: Stink gland analysis
    Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands (colour, size, content) of the injected femals.

    Terms used in the pupal injection procedure

    larval pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    empty eggs
    Just empty shells are visible, no cuticle has been developed.
    strong defects
    L1 cuticle larvae which show severe defects. These strong defects are subdivided into three categories
    strongly fragmented (cuticle crumbs)
    No segments or appendages are identifiable, only residues of cuticle and bristles can be identified.
    cuticle remnants (with unidentifiable segments)
    Segments or parts of appendages are recognizable, but identity is not clear.
    cuticle remnants (with some identifiable segments)
    At least one segment or appendage is clearly regonizable.
    number of eggs on slide
    affected embryos usually (not always) do not hatch. Only the not hatched were used for cuticle analysis.
    For the embryonic muscle analysis the hatched as well as the not hatched were analysed.
    total number of affected eggs/embryos/larvae
    Summary of all different phenotypes/ phenotypic series which were annotated.
    inside-out
    The L1 larva shows a partial or complete inversion., e.g. bristles, appendages or parts of the abdominal segments are inverted into the interior of the cuticle.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    Please see the help page for more information
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethality 11 days after pupal injection: 50.0% (includes death as pupa, adult)

    eclosion not fulfilled (with pupal and adult features) - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 4 (3 dpi)
    Days post injection


    adult lethality - Number of animals showing the phenotype: 1 (9 dpi)
    Days post injection


    Analysis of embryonic musculature and early development
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50 embryo/egg with embryonic tissue potentially present, no cuticle, no fluorescence - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%

    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Analysis of larval stage 1 cuticle
    number of eggs/embryos/larvae on slide: > 50
    embryo/egg without visible larval cuticle in cuticle preparation - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    affected eggs/embryos/larvae - Penetrance (percentage of animals/eggs on slide): more than 80%
    Phenotype after larval injection
    Usually 10 injected animals

    Larval injection procedure

    Day 0: 10 female L5-6 larvae of the D17Xhom strain (females express RFP in the eyes and in the CNS; pupae express GFP in the thorax) were injected with dsRNA.

    11 days post injection (dpi): Pupal morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of pupal head and appendages, pupal thorax, pupal thoracic musculature, pupal legs, pupal wings, pupal abdomen and pupal genital lobes.

    16 dpi: Adult morphology Documentation of larval/ pupal and adult death and defects of metamorphosis (eclosion, delayed development). Screening for alterations of adult head and appendages, adult thorax, adult elytra and hindwings, adult legs and cuticle properties. For mating 4 males of the black strain were added.

    19 dpi: Sieving and egg-lay Documentation of adult lethality and enduring metamorphosis defects.

    22 dpi: Ovary analysis (Fertility) In case of a reduction of egg production 4 females were dissected and the gross morphology of the ovaries were analysed.

    41 dpi: Fertility and stink gland analysis Documentation of defects in abdominal and thoracic stink glands development (colour, size, content) of the injected females. Check for fertility of injected larvae (no or decreased offspring).

    Terms used in the larval injection procedure

    pupal/ adult pantagmatic defects
    At least two tagmata (head, thorax, abdomen or terminus) show similar/ comparable defects.
    pupal molt not fulfilled
    The hatching from the larva to the pupa is interrupted. Either it dies as prepupa or the phenotype shows larval as well as pupal features.
    eclosion not fulfilled
    The emergence of the adult from the pupa stage is interrupted. This phenotype shows pupal as well as adult features.
    starved
    Dissected females show a strong resorption of fatbody predominately in the abdomen and the oogenesis is blocked. These are considered as eventually lethal phenotypes and the blocked oogenesis probably a secondary defect due to starvation.
    Metamorphosis and survival

    Lethalities 11 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa)
    Lethalities 22 days after larval injection: % (includes death as larva, prepupa, pupa, adult)

    RNAi sequence
    Primers
    Left: Right:
    Protein sequence
    • >TC005552 RA
      MSLNTAHIN GGVLIHAGE RILLFADDV SIEWSGQGD 
      PTFKGTKTG RFYLTTHRL VFNNKSGSD PMQSFSFPF 
      VTLSEVEIE QPVFGANYI KGKVRAQPN GNWIGEAKF 
      KFTFKRGGA IDFGQAMLK AAYLATRGM NNDAPPPYV 
      PPNTEWYAA PPPAYAPPP EGYYGWVPP RHQFPDNPP 
      TDGVYMTQA PPPYPGLNP AYQPGGYPP PQGGYPPQG 
      GYPPQGGAA GFASPADAK AAEAAQSAY YDPNRPQMA 
      FVPPPAYYE NPPSYSQAT NKKEQ
    CDS sequence
    • >TC005552 RA
      atgtctcta aacacggct catataaac ggcggtgtt 
      ttaatacac gccggtgag aggatttta ttgttcgcg 
      gacgacgtc agcatcgaa tggtcgggt cagggagac 
      cccacattc aaaggcacc aaaaccggc cgtttctac 
      ctaaccacc caccgactt gtcttcaac aacaagagc 
      ggcagcgac cccatgcaa agtttcagt ttcccgttc 
      gtaacactg agtgaggtc gagatcgag caacccgtc 
      tttggcgcc aactacatc aagggcaaa gtcagggcg 
      cagcccaac ggcaactgg attggcgag gccaagttc 
      aaattcact ttcaagcgt gggggcgcc atcgacttt 
      ggccaggcg atgctcaaa gccgcatat ttggcgacg 
      cgaggaatg aacaacgac gcccctccc ccgtacgtc 
      ccccccaac accgaatgg tatgcggct ccgcccccg 
      gcctacgcc cccccgccg gagggttac tacggctgg 
      gtgccgccc cgtcaccaa ttccccgat aatccgcca 
      accgacggc gtttacatg acacaagcg ccgcccccg 
      tatcccggc ttaaacccc gcctaccaa ccgggaggg 
      tatccgccc ccgcaaggg ggttaccca ccccaaggt 
      gggtatcca ccgcaagga ggcgcagcc ggatttgcc 
      tcacctgca gatgcgaag gcagccgag gccgcacaa 
      tcggcctac tatgatccc aatcggcca cagatggcg 
      ttcgtgccg ccgccggct tattacgaa aatccccca 
      agttacagc caagctacc aataagaag gaacagtga
    mRNA sequence
    • >TC005552 RA
      tcaaacgtc acgtcaaat gtcacttgt caaaatcgg 
      ggagttatc gaaaatttt tctagaaaa acaaataat 
      ttcattgtg tgagtacca aaaccgtgc gaaatgtct 
      ctaaacacg gctcatata aacggcggt gttttaata 
      cacgccggt gagaggatt ttattgttc gcggacgac 
      gtcagcatc gaatggtcg ggtcaggga gaccccaca 
      ttcaaaggc accaaaacc ggccgtttc tacctaacc 
      acccaccga cttgtcttc aacaacaag agcggcagc 
      gaccccatg caaagtttc agtttcccg ttcgtaaca 
      ctgagtgag gtcgagatc gagcaaccc gtctttggc 
      gccaactac atcaagggc aaagtcagg gcgcagccc 
      aacggcaac tggattggc gaggccaag ttcaaattc 
      actttcaag cgtgggggc gccatcgac tttggccag 
      gcgatgctc aaagccgca tatttggcg acgcgagga 
      atgaacaac gacgcccct cccccgtac gtccccccc 
      aacaccgaa tggtatgcg gctccgccc ccggcctac 
      gcccccccg ccggagggt tactacggc tgggtgccg 
      ccccgtcac caattcccc gataatccg ccaaccgac 
      ggcgtttac atgacacaa gcgccgccc ccgtatccc 
      ggcttaaac cccgcctac caaccggga gggtatccg 
      cccccgcaa gggggttac ccaccccaa ggtgggtat 
      ccaccgcaa ggaggcgca gccggattt gcctcacct 
      gcagatgcg aaggcagcc gaggccgca caatcggcc 
      tactatgat cccaatcgg ccacagatg gcgttcgtg 
      ccgccgccg gcttattac gaaaatccc ccaagttac 
      agccaagct accaataag aaggaacag tgatggggt 
      cacgtgaca cttaaaatt tgtatcaat tctttctaa 
      tgtctttat ccaattatg caaaagtat tatttgttg 
      gtttttaat tgttgcatc attccattg ataggtcca 
      cgaaatatg catgcgttt tttacggca aggctttgc 
      aatagtttg aggcactta tttgcttgg aaattttgt 
      atagttgag attattgta atataatta ttcttataa 
      cgtgtagat agatctgta taatgcaaa taaatattt 
      tatgtgcaa
    The data is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. (CC-BY) CC-BY